U.S. Route 31W

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U.S. Route 31W marker

U.S. Route 31W
Major junctions
South end: US 31 / US 31E / US 41 / US 431 / SR 6 / SR 11 in Nashville, TN
North end: US 31 / US 31E / US 60 in Louisville, KY
Location
States: Tennessee, Kentucky
Counties: TN: Davidson, Sumner, Robertson
KY: Simpson, Warren, Edmonson, Barren, Hart, Larue, Hardin, Bullitt, Jefferson
Highway system

U.S. Route 31W (US-31W) is the westernmost of two parallel routes for U.S. Route 31 from Nashville, Tennessee to Louisville, Kentucky. At one time, it split with U.S. Route 31E at Sellersburg, Indiana, crossing into nearby Louisville via the Kentucky & Indiana Terminal Bridge.

Route description[edit]

US 31W begins in Nashville, at an interchange with Ellington Parkway and US 31 / US 31E. The route continues west as Spring Street, signed with US 41, US 431, and SR 11. US 31W, US 41, US 431, and SR 11 continue north onto Dickerson Pike, closely paralleling I-24 through Nashville. At an intersection with Trinity Lane, all the routes but SR 11 and US 41 split from US 31W and continue west, while US 31W continues north, away from I-24. The roadway has an interchange with I-65 and SR 155 before an intersection with SR 45 in Bellshire Terrace. The highway passes through Goodlettsville, where US 31W splits from the other two routes and crosses I-65; it also passes through White House, Tennessee.[1]

After several miles, the highway enters the state of Kentucky and crosses I-65 again, where it passes through Franklin and intersects Route 100. Here, the highway is known as Bowling Green Road, and passes through fields, as well as giving access to the town of Woodburn. Entering the city of Bowling Green, the route intersects the William H. Natcher Parkway as well as US 231 as the route passes east of downtown Bowling Green. On the eastern side of town, Louisville Road carries US 31W, US 68, and Route 80 east and then northeast, where US 68 and Route 80 split off to the east. US 31W passes within a half mile on an entrance to Mammoth Cave National Park near Park City, Kentucky, after crossing I-65 again. The highway passes through Cave City as Duke Highway.[1]

In the city of Horse Cave, US 31W intersects Route 218; the Dixie Highway then continues on to Munfordville before crossing I-65 and paralleling it closely to the west and later, the east. In Elizabethtown, US-31W intersects with the Wendell H. Ford Western Kentucky Parkway. The route continue through the heart of Elizabethtown, intersecting US-62, before entering Radcliff, Kentucky. It also passes through Fort Knox near Radcliff, within sight of the U.S. Bullion Depository. US 31W overlaps with US-60 from Muldraugh, Kentucky to Louisville, paralleling the Ohio River briefly before intersecting Interstate 264 (Watterson Expressway) in Louisville. US 31W continues as a one-way couplet consisting of 22nd and Dr. W. J. Hodges streets, and later Main and Market streets in downtown Louisville. At 2nd Street, US 31W ends at US 31E, and the two routes continue north as US 31.[1]

History[edit]

Most of US-31W's route was part of the old Dixie Highway from the National Auto Trail program, the predecessor to the United States Numbered Highways system. Many of the cities through which US-31W traverses still give it a local street name of "Dixie Highway" or "Dixie Avenue." Some portions date back further, to the Louisville and Nashville Turnpike, which began construction in the 1830s.

Junction list[edit]

State County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Tennessee Davidson Nashville US 31 north / US 41 south (Jefferson Street) / US 31E north (Ellington Parkway) – Nashville, Franklin, Gallatin Southern terminus; south end of US-41 overlap
I‑65 – Nashville, Bowling Green, Louisville Northbound to northbound and southbound to southbound only
SR 155 west (Briley Parkway) – Memphis, Clarksville
Goodlettsville SR 174 east – Gallatin
Sumner US 41 north – Springfield Interchange; north end of US-41 overlap
  SR 257 east – Ridgetop
Robertson-Sumner county line White House SR 76 west – Springfield South end of SR-76 overlap
SR 258 south – Hendersonville
SR 76 east North end of SR-76 overlap
  SR 25 – Cross Plains, Gallatin
  SR 52 – Portland
  SR 109 south – Portland
  SR 259 east – Mitchellville
  Tennessee–Kentucky state line
Kentucky Simpson   I‑65
Franklin KY 100 east – Scottsville South end of KY 100 overlap
KY 383 south – Providence
KY 100 east / KY 73 south – Russellville North end of KY 100 overlap; south end of KY 73 overlap
KY 73 north – South Union North end of KY 73 overlap
Warren Woodburn KY 240
  KY 242
Bowling Green Natcher Pkwy. – Owensboro
US 231 – Morgantown, Scottsville

US 31W Bus. north – Bowling Green

US 231 Bus. south – Scottsville, Bowling Green-Warren County Regional Airport
South end of US 231 Bus. overlap

US 231 Bus. north / KY 234 east – Bowling Green, Settle
North end of US 231 Bus. overlap

US 68 west / US 31W Bus. south / KY 80 west – Bowling Green, Russellville
South end of US 68/KY 80 overlap
KY 446 east to I‑65 Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Plum Springs KY 957 north
  KY 526 west
  US 68 east / KY 80 east – Glasgow North end of US 68/KY 80 overlap
  KY 743 north
  KY 101 north – Rhoda South end of KY 101 overlap
  KY 101 south – Smiths Grove North end of KY 101 overlap
Edmonson   KY 422 north
  KY 259 – Brownsville, Rocky Hill, Mammoth Cave National Park
Barren Park City KY 255 south South end of KY 255 overlap
KY 255 north – Mammoth Cave National Park
Cave City KY 90 – Glasgow, Mammoth Cave National Park
KY 70 – Mammoth Cave National Park
KY 335 north (Old Dixie Highway)
Hart Horse Cave KY 218 – Shady Grove
  KY 335 south
  KY 88 east – Hardyville South end of KY 88 overlap
Munfordville KY 88 west – Cub Run North end of KY 88 overlap
  I‑65
Bonnieville KY 728 east South end of KY 728 overlap
KY 728 west North end of KY 728 overlap
Hardin-Larue county line Upton KY 224 east South end of KY 224 overlap
KY 224 west – Clarkson North end of KY 224 overlap
  KY 84 – Sonora, Hodgenville
Hardin   KY 222 west – Glendale
Elizabethtown
Western Kentucky Pkwy. west / US 31W Byp. north / KY 61 south – Leitchfield, Radcliff, Hodgenville
KY 210 south (Hodgenville Road)
US 62 – Leitchfield, Bardstown
KY 1600 west

US 31W Byp. south – Munfordville
KY 3005 (Ring Road)
KY 447 north (Wilson Road)
  KY 220 west – Rineyville
  KY 434 east
  KY 313
Radcliff KY 144 west – Vine Grove
Fort Knox Bullion Boulevard Interchange
US 60 west – Irvington South end of US 60 overlap
Brandenburg Road Interchange
Muldraugh KY 1638 west – Brandenburg
Bullitt Fort Knox KY 835 – Fort Knox
West Point KY 835 south
  KY 44 east – Shepherdsville
Jefferson Louisville KY 1934 north (Greenbelt Highway) / KY 841 east (Gene Snyder Freeway) to I‑265 – Frankfort, Cincinnati
KY 907 north (Valley Station Road)
KY 1931 (St. Andrews Church Road)
I‑264 (Shawnee Expressway, Henry Waterson Expressway) – Airport, Evansville Interchange

US 60 Alt. east (7th Street Road) – Churchill Downs
US 60 east (Dixie Highway) North end of US 60 overlap
US 150 east (Broadway Street) South end of US 150 overlap
US 150 west (21st Street, 22nd Street) to I‑64 west – Evansville North end of US 150 overlap
US 31 north (Clark Memorial Bridge) / US 31E south (Main Street) – Bardstown, Scottsburg Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]