U.S. Route 40 in Maryland
|Maintained by MDSHA, Baltimore DOT, and MdTA|
|Length:||221.31 mi (356.16 km)|
|Historic National Road|
|West end:||US 40 near Addison, PA|
I‑68 / US 219 near Grantsville
|East end:||US 40 near Glasgow, DE|
U.S. Route 40 (US 40) in the U.S. state of Maryland runs from western Maryland to Cecil County in the state's northeastern corner. With a total length of over 200 miles (320 km), it is the longest numbered highway in Maryland. Almost half of the road overlaps with Interstate 68 or Interstate 70, while the old alignment is generally known as U.S. Route 40 Alternate, U.S. Route 40 Scenic, or Maryland Route 144. West of Baltimore, the portions where it does not overlap an Interstate highway are mostly two-lane roads. The portion east of Baltimore is a four-lane divided highway, known as the Pulaski Highway (named for Casimir Pulaski).
From Cumberland west to Pennsylvania, US 40 is the successor to the historic National Road. East of Cumberland, towards Baltimore, US 40 follows several former turnpikes, most notably the Cumberland Turnpike and Baltimore and Frederick-town Turnpike. The route from Baltimore northeast to the Delaware state line follows another historic corridor towards Philadelphia, including the old Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace Turnpike (now mostly bypassed as Maryland Route 7).
U.S. Route 40 enters Maryland from Pennsylvania in far western Maryland's Garrett County, carrying the name "National Pike." It passes through rural farmland on this side of the state, intersecting U.S. Route 219 at its interchange with Interstate 68. Here it joins I-68, (built during 1971-73 as the "National Freeway") which it follows through to Allegany County and the historic "Cumberland Narrows" mountain gap to the county seat and major western Maryland city of Cumberland (nicknamed the "Queen City"). The previous alignments of US 40, carrying the name "National Pike", are either U.S. Route 40 Alternate or Scenic US 40, which parallel I-68 and US 40 very closely through the County (and later also carrying the designation of Maryland Route 144 (MD 144) and serve as main streets for the various towns and small cities they pass through, trailing the continued historic route of the 1808's Old National Road extension from Cumberland to Baltimore turnpike, which will still have many of the original 19th Century stone milestones every mile on the north side with five-mile stone markers with more elaborate carvings indicating mileage and distance to destinations. Since, the mid 2000s, The National Road now has a multi-state tourism/historical partnership and association collaborating various towns, cities and counties through which it passes from Baltimore to Vandalia, the original territorial capital of Illinois near the Mississippi River. Also several significant histories and guide books have been published throughout the 20th Century to describe its features, hazards and attractions plus historic/scenic sites. US 40 follows I-68 through Cumberland on an elevated highway through the western reaches of the Potomac River valley dividing the historic town, site of Colonel George Washington's Fort Cumberland of the French and Indian War era and passes into Washington County.
The I-68/US 40 roadway later passes through a 340-foot (100 m) massive deep cut in Sideling Hill. Just to the east of the cut is the site of the former "Sideling Hill Exhibit Center", a state museum (currently located in Hancock in the "narrow neck" of Maryland) that highlighted the many varied rock layers of Western Maryland mountain geology in "The Cut". Shortly after this, in the town of Hancock where the State of Maryland narrows to less than two miles (3 km) across, on a steep valley slope carrying parallel highways, roads and railroad tracks (historic Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (now Amtrak and CSX plus Conrail freight rail systems) between the Mason-Dixon Line with Pennsylvania to the north and the western branch of the Potomac River boundary with Virginia where Interstate 68 ends. US 40 then defaults onto Interstate 70 at Exit 1 of the latter route, coming down from the northwest at the large truck stop plazas at Breezewood, Pennsylvania. U.S. Route 522 is also carried by I-70, but it leaves to the south at the very next exit.
Interstate 70 and US 40 pass close to the West Virginia border along the historic old 1820s-30's era Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and its Potomac River, then turns toward Hagerstown and Washington County. Shortly before this, though, US 40 separates from I-70 to the north at exit 9 and passes through the town and county seat (known as the "Hub City") on Washington Avenue (eastbound) and Franklin Street (westbound), where it interchanges with Interstate 81. Heading southeast out of Hagerstown, US 40 diverges into two separate routes, US 40 (Dual Highway) and US 40 Alt. US 40 parallels Interstate 70, its longtime, cross-country travel partner, crossing it again at exit 32 near Greenbrier State Park on the older Baltimore National Pike alignment. US 40 Alt (also known as Maryland Route 144 heads southeast on the historic Old National Pike of 1805 alignment through Boonsboro, crossing the famous South Mountain at "Turner's Gap", with its notable American Civil War battles here and at nearby "Crampton's Gap and "Fox's Gap" where Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee held back oncoming Union armies under General George B. McClellan just prior to the horrific Battle of Antietam in September 1862. The two highway routes converge just west of the "City of Clustered Spires", Frederick which is also the site of several major Civil War conflicts, such as the 1862 first Southern Invasion (resulting in "Battle of Antietam"), the 1863 second passing of the huge armies on their way to Pennsylvania to collide at Gettysburg and the nearby "Battle of Monocacy", "The Battle That Saved Washington" in 1864's third Confederate Invasion.
In Frederick, US 40 uses Patrick Street (the main west-east route through Frederick's historic downtown), before merging back onto the US 15 north-south expressway for a short distance. It leaves US 15 and rejoins I-70 on the southern and eastern outskirts of Frederick. Old MD 144 on the 19th Century's Old National Road once again takes over along the old 1920's era alignment of US 40. It then passes through Carroll County and Howard County, where US 40 once again separates with the old National Road pathway carrying MD 144 routes to the southeastward towards historic Ellicott City and US 40 continues to the north. After passing over the upper northern reaches of the Patapsco Rivervalley and crossing the bridge over Patapsco Valley State Park entering Baltimore County before in Ellicott City, a former colonial port and one of the state's "Antiques Capital" as the Patapsco River courses through a deep valley with the town perched on surrounding steep sides. The Highway 40 heads toward Baltimore, interchanging with first US 29 and then the Baltimore Beltway (later renamed for former Gov. Theodore R. McKeldin and Baltimore City Mayor in the 1940s, 50's and 60's, also designated as Interstate 695. This section is known as the "Baltimore National Pike" commercial strip of shopping centers and varieties of car dealerships and fast-food restaurants as it crosses the 1919 Baltimore city limits near Security Boulevard and the massive national headquarters of the Social Security Administration.
Inside Baltimore City, US 40 continues as Baltimore National Pike changes into Edmondson Avenue, then passes southeastward onto West Franklin and West Mulberry Streets as a one-way pair, bypassing Gwynns Falls-Leakin Parks (which escaped having the interstate cut through its wilderness wooded stream valleys in the 1970s after a heated decade-long public debate and battle), before shortly leaving to utilize the former expressway stub originally meant to continue to carry Interstate 170 for a short distance between Pulaski Street and the Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard. Through this area, an alignment called "Truck US 40" diverts larger vehicles onto an alternate cross-town route (largely via North Avenue and U.S. Route 1). The I-170 expressway stub (long-time nicknamed the "Highway to Nowhere") also carries US 40 over Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard (which curves around the west-side of Baltimore's downtown as an inner "beltway" or "by-pass", which leads south to I-395, and the expressway ends soon after, rejoining West Franklin Street and West Mulberry Street just west of North Greene and North Paca Streets, both of which are the northern terminus of MD 295, which eventually become Russell Street leading to the Baltimore–Washington Parkway. US 40 passes through the Seton Hill Historic District and the tomey 19th Century historic Mount Vernon-Belvedere neighborhood and a few blocks south from Baltimore's landmark Washington Monument, (built 1815-1827). Just beyond historic main Charles Street and Saint Paul Street and Place, now East Franklin and Mulberry Streets merge through the "Preston Gardens" district onto the six-lane elevated Orleans Street Viaduct, which US 40 uses to cross the downtown Jones Falls stream valley, (a former main railroad route to downtown), passing over Interstate 83 (the Jones Falls Expressway) in the process (with no access) towards East Baltimore. It follows the divided Orleans Street, passing through the campus of The Johns Hopkins Hospital where it narrows to an undivided four lanes, until its end at Pulaski Highway on the east side of the city. US 40 carries this name on this four lane, divided highway alignment, heading northeastward having a full cloverleaf interchange with MD 151 at Erdman Avenue, which leads to the Baltimore city limits again on the eastside again re-entering Baltimore County towards North Point Boulevard and parallel Old North Point Road and with partial interchanges with Interstate 895, Moravia Road, and Interstate 95 before exiting the city, bearing northeast and meeting I-695 of the Baltimore (McKeldin) Beltway again.
US 40, for the entire length of Pulaski Highway, is closely paralleled by I-95. It also runs between Amtrak's Northeast Corridor and the CSX Philadelphia Subdivision railroad lines, while US 40's previous alignment, MD 7, parallels the highway in segments. Pulaski Highway passes through Gunpowder Falls State Park near Joppa into Harford County and west of the Aberdeen Proving Ground, along the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay. Between Havre de Grace on the southwest shore and Perryville to the northeast, it crosses the Susquehanna River on the tolled Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge entering Cecil County in the State's far northeastern corner. The toll plaza for this Hatem Bridge is encountered just beyond its east end. US 40 leaves Maryland in Elkton which is situated at the famous "Head of Elk" at the northern end of the Bay, crossing the border of the old historic Mason-Dixon Line of 1767 into the first State of Delaware.
The National Road was opened from Cumberland on the Potomac River west and northwest into Pennsylvania, and beyond to Wheeling, Virginia on the Ohio River, in the 1810s. The turnpikes connecting Cumberland to Baltimore operated as the Cumberland Turnpike (Cumberland to Conococheague), Hagers-Town and Conococheague Turnpike (Conococheague to Hagerstown), Boonsborough Turnpike (Hagerstown to Boonsboro), and Baltimore and Frederick-town Turnpike (Boonsboro to Baltimore), completed in 1824. To the east of Baltimore, the Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace Turnpike went northeast from Baltimore to Havre de Grace, and public roads continued from Perryville, across the Susquehanna River from Havre de Grace to Elkton, where the Elk and Christiana Turnpike continued into Delaware.
The US 40 bridge over the Patapsco River in Ellicott City, originally constructed in 1936, will be replaced in a project that started in the spring of 2011 and is expected to be completed in 2013. During the bridge replacement, temporary bridges will be constructed to serve traffic for the first time in a major bridge project in Maryland.
As part of the Red Line project, segments of Edmondson Avenue and Franklin Street will be widened to allow construction of the future east-west light rail line inside the median area. The Red Line will also utilize the median of the US 40 freeway in West Baltimore.
|Garrett||0.00||0.00||US 40 west (National Pike) – Uniontown||Western terminus of US 40 in Maryland; Pennsylvania state line|
US 40 Alt. east (National Pike) – Grantsville
|3.74||6.02||14||I‑68 west (National Freeway) / US 219 south (Garrett Highway) – Morgantown, Oakland||Split into exits 14A (US 219) and 14B (US 40); west end of concurrencies with I-68 and US 219|
|Grantsville||9.12||14.68||19||MD 495 (Bittinger Road) – Grantsville, Swanton|
|12.18||19.60||22||US 219 north (Chestnut Ridge Road) – Meyersdale, PA||East end of concurrency with US 219|
|13.90||22.37||24||Lower New Germany Road|
|Finzel||19.70||31.70||29||MD 546 (Finzel Road) – Finzel|
|Allegany||Frostburg||23.24||37.40||34||Midlothian Road – Frostburg||Midlothian Road north is unsigned MD 736|
|24.93||40.12||36||MD 36 (New Georges Creek Road) – Frostburg, Westernport|
US 40 Alt. (National Highway) – La Vale
|No exit eastbound; eastbound entrance ramp is from MD 53|
US 220 Truck south (Vocke Road)
|No entrance westbound; Vocke Road is unsigned MD 658|
|Cumberland||31.46||50.63||41||MD 49 (Braddock Road) / Seton Drive||Westbound exit only|
|32.24||51.89||42||US 220 south (McMullen Highway) / Greene Street north – McCoole, Keyser, WV||West end of concurrency with US 220|
To WV 28 Alt. / Johnson Street / Beall Street – Ridgeley
|Right-in/right-out interchange with Johnson Street eastbound; ramps to and from Beall Street westbound|
|33.80||54.40||43B||MD 51 south (Industrial Boulevard) – Airport|
|34.14||54.94||43D||Maryland Avenue||Right-in/right-out interchanges|
US 40 Alt. west (Baltimore Avenue) / MD 639 south (Willowbrook Road)
|35.69||57.44||45||Hillcrest Drive||Right-in/right-out interchanges with Rannells Road eastbound and Hillcrest Drive westbound, which are unsigned MD 952 and MD 952A, respectively|
|36.39||58.56||46||MD 144 (Naves Cross Road)||Westbound exit and entrance|
|37.09||59.69||47||US 220 north / MD 144 (National Pike) – Bedford||Signed as exit 46 eastbound; east end of concurrency with US 220|
|41.18||66.27||50||Pleasant Valley Road – Rocky Gap State Park||Unsigned MD 948D|
|42.42||68.27||52||MD 144 east (National Pike)||Eastbound exit, westbound entrance|
|Flintstone||45.87||73.82||56||MD 144 (National Pike) – Flintstone||Westbound ramps are with MD 948AM|
US 40 Scenic (Fifteen Mile Creek Road)
|54.11||87.08||64||M.V. Smith Road||Unsigned MD 948AL|
US 40 Scenic (National Pike) / High Germany Road / Swain Road
|West end of concurrency with US 40 Scenic; High Germany Road is unsigned MD 948Y|
US 40 Scenic east (National Pike) / Mountain Road
|Eastbound exit, westbound entrance; Mountain Road is unsigned MD 903; east end of concurrency with US 40 Scenic|
US 40 Scenic west (National Pike) / MD 144 east (Western Pike) / Woodmont Road
|I‑70 (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) / US 522 – Breezewood, Hancock, Winchester||Split into exits 82A (US 522), 82B (I-70 / US 40), and 82C (I-70 / US 522) eastbound; split into exits 1A (I-68 / US 40) and 1B (US 522 south) westbound; eastern terminus of I-68; west end of concurrency with I-70|
|73.50||118.29||3||MD 144 (Main Street) – Hancock||No westbound entrance|
|74.40||119.74||5||MD 615 (Millstone Road)||Eastbound exit, westbound entrance|
|75.85||122.07||5||MD 615 (Millstone Road)||Westbound exit, eastbound entrance|
|Indian Springs||79.17||127.41||9||I‑70 east (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hagerstown||Eastbound exit from and westbound entrance to I-70; east end of concurrency with I-70|
|Clear Spring||86.57||139.32||MD 68 east (Mill Street) – Williamsport|
|88.97||143.18||MD 57 north (St. Paul Road)|
|Huyett||93.51||150.49||MD 63 (Greencastle Pike) – Williamsport, Cearfoss|
|Hagerstown||94.75||152.49||MD 144 east (Washington Street)|
|96.23||154.87||I‑81 (Maryland Veterans Memorial Highway) – Roanoke, Harrisburg||I-81 Exit 6|
|96.61||155.48||MD 910 south (Western Maryland Parkway)||Officially MD 910C|
|97.63||157.12||US 11 (Burhans Boulevard)|
|98.68||158.81||MD 64 east (Cleveland Avenue) – Smithsburg|
|101.72||163.70||I‑70 (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hancock, Frederick||I-70 Exit 32|
|Beaver Creek||104.53||168.22||MD 66 (Mapleville Road) – Boonsboro, Smithsburg|
|Frederick||Myersville||111.03||178.69||MD 17 (Wolfsville Road) – Middletown|
|Braddock Heights||118.41||190.56||I‑70 west (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hagerstown||I-70 Exit 48; westbound exit, eastbound entrance|
US 40 Alt. west (Old National Pike) – Braddock Heights, Middletown
|No direct access from eastbound US 40 to westbound US 40 Alternate or from eastbound US 40 Alternate to westbound US 40|
|121.09||194.88||US 15 north (Frederick Freeway) / Patrick Street east – Gettysburg||US 15 Exit 13; split into exits 13A (Patrick Street) and 13B (US 40 west); west end of concurrency with US 15|
|121.82||196.05||US 15 south / US 340 west (Jefferson National Pike) / Jefferson Avenue east – Leesburg, Charles Town||US 15 Exit 12; east end of concurrency with US 15|
|122.44||197.05||53||I‑70 west / I‑270 south (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hagerstown, Washington||Split into exits 53A (I-270) and 53B (US 40 west); west end of concurrency with I-70|
|123.60||198.91||54||MD 85 (Buckeystown Pike) to MD 355 / Market Street||Single-point urban interchange|
|124.15||199.80||55||South Street||Westbound ramps are with Monocacy Boulevard|
|124.68||200.65||56||MD 144 (Patrick Street)||No westbound entrance|
|Bartonsville||128.04||206.06||59||MD 144 west (Old National Pike)||Westbound exit, eastbound entrance|
|New Market||131.75||212.03||62||MD 75 (Green Valley Road) – Libertytown, Hyattstown|
|Carroll||Mount Airy||137.19||220.79||68||MD 27 (Ridge Road) – Mount Airy, Damascus|
|Howard||Lisbon||142.58||229.46||73||MD 94 (Woodbine Road) – Lisbon, Woodbine|
|Cooksville||145.75||234.56||76||MD 97 (Hoods Mill Road) – Westminster, Olney|
|West Friendship||149.42||240.47||80||MD 32 (Sykesville Road) – Sykesville, Clarksville|
|151.54||243.88||82||I‑70 east – Baltimore||Eastbound exit from and westbound entrance to I-70; east end of concurrency with I-70|
|Ellicott City||154.13||248.05||MD 144 west (Frederick Road)|
|157.10||252.83||US 29 (Columbia Pike) to I‑70 – Columbia, Frederick||US 29 Exit 24|
|159.25||256.29||Patapsco Valley State Park||Right-in/right-out interchanges in both directions|
|Baltimore||Catonsville||162.28||261.16||I‑695 (Baltimore Beltway) – Glen Burnie, Towson||I-695 Exit 15|
|City of Baltimore||165.93||267.04||
US 40 Truck east (Hilton Parkway) / Hilton Parkway south
|167.31||269.26||Mulberry Street east to US 1 (Monroe Street/Fulton Avenue)||Eastbound exit, westbound entrance (from Franklin Street)|
|168.36||270.95||Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard||Diamond interchange|
|168.57||271.29||MD 295 south (Greene Street)||MD 295 is unsigned; Greene Street is one-way southbound|
|168.64||271.40||MD 129 north (Paca Street)||MD 129 is unsigned; Paca Street is one-way northbound|
|169.02||272.01||Charles Street north||Charles Street is one-way northbound|
|169.09||272.12||MD 2 (St. Paul Street)|
|171.86||276.58||MD 150 east (Haven Street)|
MD 151 (Erdman Avenue) / US 40 Truck west / I‑895 south (Harbor Tunnel Thruway)
|Cloverleaf interchange; movements from eastbound US 40 to northbound MD 151 and from northbound MD 151 to eastbound US 40 made via Armistead Way; I-895 Exit 13|
|173.58||279.35||Moravia Road to I‑895 / I‑95 north||No eastbound entrance|
|173.76||279.64||I‑95 south – Washington||I-95 Exit 61; ramps from westbound US 40 to southbound I-95 and northbound I-95 to eastbound US 40|
|Baltimore||Rosedale||174.12||280.22||MD 7 east (Philadelphia Road)|
|176.63||284.26||I‑695 (Baltimore Beltway) / Golden Ring Road north – Essex, Towson||I-695 Exit 35|
|Middle River||177.96||286.40||MD 700 south (Martin Boulevard)||Trumpet interchange|
|White Marsh||180.84||291.03||MD 43 (White Marsh Boulevard) to I‑95||Two-way ramp between US 40 and MD 43 plus a ramp from westbound US 40 to westbound MD 43|
|Harford||Joppatowne||187.54||301.82||MD 152 (Magnolia Road/Mountain Road) – Fallston, Aberdeen Proving Ground|
|Edgewood||189.21||304.50||MD 755 south (Edgewood Road) / Edgewood Road north|
|189.78||305.42||To MD 24 (Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway) – Bel Air, Aberdeen Proving Ground||Two-way ramp between US 40 and MD 24 is MD 24D (Otter Creek Ramp)|
|Riverside||193.93||312.10||MD 543 north (Riverside Parkway)|
|Aberdeen||196.13||315.64||MD 7 west / MD 159 south (Old Philadelphia Road) – Perryman|
|196.94||316.94||MD 715 east (Short Lane) – Aberdeen Proving Ground||Trumpet interchange|
|198.52||319.49||MD 132 (Bel Air Avenue)||Officially MD 132B|
|13.61||21.90||MD 22 (Aberdeen Thruway) – Aberdeen Proving Ground, Bel Air||Partial cloverleaf interchange|
|Havre de Grace||200.28||322.32||MD 132 west (Oakington Road)|
|201.72||324.64||MD 7 east (Revolution Street) – Havre de Grace||Officially MD 7A|
|203.10||326.86||MD 7 west (Otsego Street) / MD 155 west (Ohio Street) to I‑95 / Otsego Street west – Havre de Grace, Churchville||Officially MD 7A|
|Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge|
|Cecil||Perryville||205.02||329.95||Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge Toll Plaza (eastbound)|
|205.21||330.25||MD 222 (Perryville Road/Aiken Avenue) – Port Deposit|
|207.98||334.71||MD 7 west (Principio Furnace Road) – Perryville||Officially MD 7B|
|208.45||335.47||MD 7 east (Old Philadelphia Road) – Charlestown, North East||Officially MD 7C|
|North East||212.33||341.71||MD 272 (Mauldin Avenue/North East Road) – Cecil College, Bay View, North East|
|Elkton||217.43||349.92||MD 7 west (Old Philadelphia Road) / MD 279 north (Elkton Road) – North East, Newark, DE||Officially MD 7C|
|218.91||352.30||MD 213 (Bridge Street/Augustine Herman Highway) – Chesapeake City, Fair Hill|
|220.25||354.46||MD 7 west (Delaware Avenue)||Officially MD 7D|
|221.08||355.79||MD 781 north (Delancy Road)|
|221.31||356.16||US 40 east (Pulaski Highway) – Glasgow||Eastern terminus of US 40 in Maryland; Delaware state line|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Maryland State Highway Administration, Highway Location Reference, 2005
- "Maryland's Geologic Features: Sideling Hill, Washington County". Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- "Map of Mount Vernon Place". Mount Vernon Place: "The Heart of Baltimore". College of Library and Information Services, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. 1998. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- "U.S. Highway 40 / Pulaski Highway". Maryland @ AAroads.com. 2005. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Mapsource. Garmin Ltd. 2003.
- Dresser, Michael (September 23, 2010). "U.S. 40 bridge over Patapsco to be replaced". The Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD). Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2011). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2005). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- Baltimore City (PDF)
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|U.S. Route 40|