U.S. Route 40 in Maryland
|Maintained by MDSHA, Baltimore DOT, and MdTA|
|Length:||221.31 mi (356.16 km)|
|West end:||US 40 near Addison, PA|
I-68 / US 219 near Grantsville
|East end:||US 40 near Glasgow, DE|
U.S. Route 40 (US 40) in the U.S. state of Maryland runs from western Maryland to Cecil County in the state's northeastern corner. With a total length of over 200 miles (320 km), it is the longest numbered highway in Maryland. Almost half of the road overlaps with Interstate 68 or Interstate 70, while the old alignment is generally known as U.S. Route 40 Alternate, U.S. Route 40 Scenic, or Maryland Route 144. West of Baltimore, the portions where it does not overlap an Interstate highway are mostly two-lane roads. The portion east of Baltimore is a four-lane divided highway, known as the Pulaski Highway (named for Casimir Pulaski).
From Cumberland west to Pennsylvania, US 40 is the successor to the historic National Road. East of Cumberland, towards Baltimore, US 40 follows several former turnpikes, most notably the Cumberland Turnpike and Baltimore and Frederick-town Turnpike. The route from Baltimore northeast to the Delaware state line follows another historic corridor towards Philadelphia, including the old Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace Turnpike (now mostly bypassed as Maryland Route 7).
U.S. Route 40 enters Maryland from Pennsylvania in far western Maryland's Garrett County, carrying the name "National Pike." It passes through rural farmland on this side of the state, intersecting U.S. Route 219 at its interchange with Interstate 68. Here it joins I-68, which it follows to Cumberland. The previous alignments of US 40, carrying the name "National Pike", are either U.S. Route 40 Alternate or Scenic US 40, which follow I-68 and US 40 very closely through the county and serve as main streets for the towns they pass through. US 40 follows I-68 through Cumberland and passes into Washington County.
The I-68/US 40 roadway passes through a 340-foot (100 m) deep cut in Sideling Hill. Just to the east of the cut is the site of the former Sideling Hill Exhibit Center, a museum (currently located in Hancock, MD) that highlighted Western Maryland geology. Shortly after this, in Hancock where the state of Maryland narrows to less than two miles (3 km) across, Interstate 68 ends. US 40 then defaults onto Interstate 70 at Exit 1 of the latter route. U.S. Route 522 is also carried by I-70, but it leaves to the south at the very next exit.
Interstate 70 and US 40 pass close to the West Virginia border along the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and Potomac River, then turns toward Hagerstown. Shortly before this, though, US 40 separates from I-70 to the north at exit 9 and passes through the town on Washington Avenue (eastbound) and Franklin Street (westbound), where it interchanges with Interstate 81. Heading southeast out of Hagerstown, US 40 diverges into two separate routes, US 40 and US 40 Alt. US 40 parallels I-70, its longtime travel partner, crossing it at exit 32 near Greenbrier State Park on the Baltimore National Pike alignment. US 40 Alt heads southeast on the Old National Pike alignment through Boonsboro, crossing South Mountain at Turner's Gap. The two routes converge just west of Frederick.
In Frederick, US 40 uses Patrick Street before merging onto the US 15 expressway for a short distance. It leaves US 15 and rejoins I-70 on the outskirts of Frederick. MD 144 once again takes over along the old alignment of US 40. It then passes through Carroll County and Howard County, where US 40 once again separates to the south in Ellicott City and heads toward Baltimore, interchanging with US 29 and Interstate 695 in the process. This section is known as the Baltimore National Pike.
Inside Baltimore City, US 40 follows Edmondson Avenue, then passes south onto Franklin and Mulberry Streets as a one-way pair, shortly leaving to utilize the freeway stub meant to carry Interstate 170 for a short distance between Pulaski Street and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. Through this area, an alignment called "Truck US 40" diverts larger vehicles onto an alternate route (largely via North Avenue). The I-170 freeway stub also carries US 40 over Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard, which leads south to I-395, and the freeway ends soon after, rejoining Franklin Street and Mulberry Street just west of Greene Street and Paca Street, both of which are the northern terminus of MD 295, which eventually become the Baltimore–Washington Parkway. US 40 passes through the Mount Vernon neighborhood and a few blocks from Baltimore's Washington Monument. Just beyond Saint Paul Street, Franklin and Mulberry Streets merge into the six-lane Orleans Street Viaduct, which US 40 uses to cross the downtown Jones Falls valley, passing over I-83 (the Jones Falls Expressway) in the process with no access. It follows the divided Orleans Street, passing through the campus of Johns Hopkins Hospital where it narrows to an undivided four lanes, until its end at Pulaski Highway on the east side of the city. US 40 carries this name on this four lane, divided highway alignment, having a full cloverleaf interchange with MD 151 (Erdman Avenue) and partial interchanges with Interstate 895, Moravia Road, and Interstate 95 before exiting the city, bearing northeast and meeting I-695 again.
US 40, for the entire length of Pulaski Highway, is closely paralleled by I-95. It also runs between Amtrak's Northeast Corridor and the CSX Philadelphia Subdivision, while US 40's previous alignment, MD 7, parallels the highway in segments. Pulaski Highway passes through Gunpowder Falls State Park near Joppa and west of the Aberdeen Proving Ground. Between Havre de Grace and Perryville it crosses the Susquehanna River on the tolled Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge. The toll plaza for this bridge is encountered just beyond its east end. US 40 leaves Maryland in Elkton, crossing the border into Delaware.
The National Road was opened from Cumberland on the Potomac River west and northwest into Pennsylvania, and beyond to Wheeling, Virginia on the Ohio River, in the 1810s. The turnpikes connecting Cumberland to Baltimore operated as the Cumberland Turnpike (Cumberland to Conococheague), Hagers-Town and Conococheague Turnpike (Conococheague to Hagerstown), Boonsborough Turnpike (Hagerstown to Boonsboro), and Baltimore and Frederick-town Turnpike (Boonsboro to Baltimore), completed in 1824. To the east of Baltimore, the Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace Turnpike went northeast from Baltimore to Havre de Grace, and public roads continued from Perryville, across the Susquehanna River from Havre de Grace to Elkton, where the Elk and Christiana Turnpike continued into Delaware.
The US 40 bridge over the Patapsco River in Ellicott City, originally constructed in 1936, will be replaced in a project that started in the spring of 2011 and is expected to be completed in 2013. During the bridge replacement, temporary bridges will be constructed to serve traffic for the first time in a major bridge project in Maryland.
As part of the Red Line project, segments of Edmondson Avenue and Franklin Street will be widened to allow construction of the future east-west light rail line inside the median area. The Red Line will also utilize the median of the US 40 freeway in West Baltimore.
||0.00||0.00||US 40 west (National Pike) – Uniontown||Western terminus of US 40 in Maryland; Pennsylvania state line|
US 40 Alt. east (National Pike) – Grantsville
|3.74||6.02||14||I-68 west (National Freeway) / US 219 south (Garrett Highway) – Morgantown, Oakland||Split into exits 14A (US 219) and 14B (US 40); west end of concurrencies with I-68 and US 219|
|Grantsville||9.12||14.68||19||MD 495 (Bittinger Road) – Grantsville, Swanton|
|12.18||19.60||22||US 219 north (Chestnut Ridge Road) – Meyersdale, PA||East end of concurrency with US 219|
|13.90||22.37||24||Lower New Germany Road|
|Finzel||19.70||31.70||29||MD 546 (Finzel Road) – Finzel|
||Frostburg||23.24||37.40||34||Midlothian Road – Frostburg||Midlothian Road north is unsigned MD 736|
|24.93||40.12||36||MD 36 (New Georges Creek Road) – Frostburg, Westernport|
US 40 Alt. (National Highway) – La Vale
|No exit eastbound; eastbound entrance ramp is from MD 53|
US 220 Truck south (Vocke Road)
|No entrance westbound; Vocke Road is unsigned MD 658|
|Cumberland||31.46||50.63||41||MD 49 (Braddock Road) / Seton Drive||Westbound exit only|
|32.24||51.89||42||US 220 south (McMullen Highway) / Greene Street north – McCoole, Keyser, WV||West end of concurrency with US 220|
To WV 28 Alt. / Johnson Street / Beall Street – Ridgeley
|Right-in/right-out interchange with Johnson Street eastbound; ramps to and from Beall Street westbound|
|33.80||54.40||43B||MD 51 south (Industrial Boulevard) – Airport|
|34.14||54.94||43D||Maryland Avenue||Right-in/right-out interchanges|
US 40 Alt. west (Baltimore Avenue) / MD 639 south (Willowbrook Road)
|35.69||57.44||45||Hillcrest Drive||Right-in/right-out interchanges with Rannells Road eastbound and Hillcrest Drive westbound, which are unsigned MD 952 and MD 952A, respectively|
|36.39||58.56||46||MD 144 (Naves Cross Road)||Westbound exit and entrance|
|37.09||59.69||47||US 220 north / MD 144 (National Pike) – Bedford||Signed as exit 46 eastbound; east end of concurrency with US 220|
|41.18||66.27||50||Pleasant Valley Road – Rocky Gap State Park||Unsigned MD 948D|
|42.42||68.27||52||MD 144 east (National Pike)||Eastbound exit, westbound entrance|
|Flintstone||45.87||73.82||56||MD 144 (National Pike) – Flintstone||Westbound ramps are with MD 948AM|
US 40 Scenic (Fifteen Mile Creek Road)
|54.11||87.08||64||M.V. Smith Road||Unsigned MD 948AL|
US 40 Scenic (National Pike) / High Germany Road / Swain Road
|West end of concurrency with US 40 Scenic; High Germany Road is unsigned MD 948Y|
US 40 Scenic east (National Pike) / Mountain Road
|Eastbound exit, westbound entrance; Mountain Road is unsigned MD 903; east end of concurrency with US 40 Scenic|
US 40 Scenic west (National Pike) / MD 144 east (Western Pike) / Woodmont Road
|I-70 (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) / US 522 – Breezewood, Hancock, Winchester||Split into exits 82A (US 522), 82B (I-70 / US 40), and 82C (I-70 / US 522) eastbound; split into exits 1A (I-68 / US 40) and 1B (US 522 south) westbound; eastern terminus of I-68; west end of concurrency with I-70|
|73.50||118.29||3||MD 144 (Main Street) – Hancock||No westbound entrance|
|74.40||119.74||5||MD 615 (Millstone Road)||Eastbound exit, westbound entrance|
|75.85||122.07||5||MD 615 (Millstone Road)||Westbound exit, eastbound entrance|
|Indian Springs||79.17||127.41||9||I-70 east (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hagerstown||Eastbound exit from and westbound entrance to I-70; east end of concurrency with I-70|
|Clear Spring||86.57||139.32||MD 68 east (Mill Street) – Williamsport|
|88.97||143.18||MD 57 north (St. Paul Road)|
|Huyett||93.51||150.49||MD 63 (Greencastle Pike) – Williamsport, Cearfoss|
|Hagerstown||94.75||152.49||MD 144 east (Washington Street)|
|96.23||154.87||I-81 (Maryland Veterans Memorial Highway) – Roanoke, Harrisburg||I-81 Exit 6|
|96.61||155.48||MD 910 south (Western Maryland Parkway)||Officially MD 910C|
|97.63||157.12||US 11 (Burhans Boulevard)|
|98.68||158.81||MD 64 east (Cleveland Avenue) – Smithsburg|
|101.72||163.70||I-70 (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hancock, Frederick||I-70 Exit 32|
|Beaver Creek||104.53||168.22||MD 66 (Mapleville Road) – Boonsboro, Smithsburg|
||Myersville||111.03||178.69||MD 17 (Wolfsville Road) – Middletown|
|Braddock Heights||118.41||190.56||I-70 west (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hagerstown||I-70 Exit 48; westbound exit, eastbound entrance|
US 40 Alt. west (Old National Pike) – Braddock Heights, Middletown
|No direct access from eastbound US 40 to westbound US 40 Alternate or from eastbound US 40 Alternate to westbound US 40|
|121.09||194.88||US 15 north (Frederick Freeway) / Patrick Street east – Gettysburg||US 15 Exit 13; split into exits 13A (Patrick Street) and 13B (US 40 west); west end of concurrency with US 15|
|121.82||196.05||US 15 south / US 340 west (Jefferson National Pike) / Jefferson Avenue east – Leesburg, Charles Town||US 15 Exit 12; east end of concurrency with US 15|
|122.44||197.05||53||I-70 west / I-270 south (Eisenhower Memorial Highway) – Hagerstown, Washington||Split into exits 53A (I-270) and 53B (US 40 west); west end of concurrency with I-70|
|123.60||198.91||54||MD 85 (Buckeystown Pike) to MD 355 / Market Street||Single-point urban interchange|
|124.15||199.80||55||South Street||Westbound ramps are with Monocacy Boulevard|
|124.68||200.65||56||MD 144 (Patrick Street)||No westbound entrance|
|Bartonsville||128.04||206.06||59||MD 144 west (Old National Pike)||Westbound exit, eastbound entrance|
|New Market||131.75||212.03||62||MD 75 (Green Valley Road) – Libertytown, Hyattstown|
||Mount Airy||137.19||220.79||68||MD 27 (Ridge Road) – Mount Airy, Damascus|
||Lisbon||142.58||229.46||73||MD 94 (Woodbine Road) – Lisbon, Woodbine|
|Cooksville||145.75||234.56||76||MD 97 (Hoods Mill Road) – Westminster, Olney|
|West Friendship||149.42||240.47||80||MD 32 (Sykesville Road) – Sykesville, Clarksville|
|151.54||243.88||82||I-70 east – Baltimore||Eastbound exit from and westbound entrance to I-70; east end of concurrency with I-70|
|Ellicott City||154.13||248.05||MD 144 west (Frederick Road)|
|157.10||252.83||US 29 (Columbia Pike) to I-70 – Columbia, Frederick||US 29 Exit 24|
|159.25||256.29||Patapsco Valley State Park||Right-in/right-out interchanges in both directions|
||Catonsville||162.28||261.16||I-695 (Baltimore Beltway) – Glen Burnie, Towson||I-695 Exit 15|
|City of Baltimore
US 40 Truck east (Hilton Parkway) / Hilton Parkway south
|167.31||269.26||Mulberry Street east to US 1 (Monroe Street/Fulton Avenue)||Eastbound exit, westbound entrance (from Franklin Street)|
|168.36||270.95||Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard||Diamond interchange|
|168.57||271.29||MD 295 south (Greene Street)||MD 295 is unsigned; Greene Street is one-way southbound|
|168.64||271.40||MD 129 north (Paca Street)||MD 129 is unsigned; Paca Street is one-way northbound|
|169.02||272.01||Charles Street north||Charles Street is one-way northbound|
|169.09||272.12||MD 2 (St. Paul Street)|
|171.86||276.58||MD 150 east (Haven Street)|
MD 151 (Erdman Avenue) / US 40 Truck west / I-895 south (Harbor Tunnel Thruway)
|Cloverleaf interchange; movements from eastbound US 40 to northbound MD 151 and from northbound MD 151 to eastbound US 40 made via Armistead Way; I-895 Exit 13|
|173.58||279.35||Moravia Road to I-895 / I-95 north||No eastbound entrance|
|173.76||279.64||I-95 south – Washington||I-95 Exit 61; ramps from westbound US 40 to southbound I-95 and northbound I-95 to eastbound US 40|
||Rosedale||174.12||280.22||MD 7 east (Philadelphia Road)|
|176.63||284.26||I-695 (Baltimore Beltway) / Golden Ring Road north – Essex, Towson||I-695 Exit 35|
|Middle River||177.96||286.40||MD 700 south (Martin Boulevard)||Trumpet interchange|
|White Marsh||180.84||291.03||MD 43 (White Marsh Boulevard) to I-95||Two-way ramp between US 40 and MD 43 plus a ramp from westbound US 40 to westbound MD 43|
||Joppatowne||187.54||301.82||MD 152 (Magnolia Road/Mountain Road) – Fallston, Aberdeen Proving Ground|
|Edgewood||189.21||304.50||MD 755 south (Edgewood Road) / Edgewood Road north|
|189.78||305.42||To MD 24 (Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway) – Bel Air, Aberdeen Proving Ground||Two-way ramp between US 40 and MD 24 is MD 24D (Otter Creek Ramp)|
|Riverside||193.93||312.10||MD 543 north (Riverside Parkway)|
|Aberdeen||196.13||315.64||MD 7 west / MD 159 south (Old Philadelphia Road) – Perryman|
|196.94||316.94||MD 715 east (Short Lane) – Aberdeen Proving Ground||Trumpet interchange|
|198.52||319.49||MD 132 (Bel Air Avenue)||Officially MD 132B|
|13.61||21.90||MD 22 (Aberdeen Thruway) – Aberdeen Proving Ground, Bel Air||Partial cloverleaf interchange|
|Havre de Grace||200.28||322.32||MD 132 west (Oakington Road)|
|201.72||324.64||MD 7 east (Revolution Street)||Officially MD 7A|
|203.10||326.86||MD 7 west (Otsego Street) / MD 155 west (Ohio Street) / Otsego Street west – Churchville||Officially MD 7A|
|Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge|
||Perryville||205.02||329.95||Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge Toll Plaza (eastbound)|
|205.21||330.25||MD 222 (Perryville Road/Aiken Avenue) – Port Deposit|
|207.98||334.71||MD 7 west (Principio Furnace Road) – Perryville||Officially MD 7B|
|208.45||335.47||MD 7 east (Old Philadelphia Road) – Charlestown, North East||Officially MD 7C|
|North East||212.33||341.71||MD 272 (Mauldin Avenue/North East Road) – Rising Sun, Elk Neck State Park|
|Elkton||217.43||349.92||MD 7 west (Old Philadelphia Road) / MD 279 north (Elkton Road) – North East, Newark, DE||Officially MD 7C|
|218.91||352.30||MD 213 (Bridge Street/Augustine Herman Highway) – Chesapeake City, Fair Hill|
|220.25||354.46||MD 7 west (Delaware Avenue)||Officially MD 7D|
|221.08||355.79||MD 781 north (Delancy Road)|
|221.31||356.16||US 40 east (Pulaski Highway) – Glasgow||Eastern terminus of US 40 in Maryland; Delaware state line|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Maryland State Highway Administration, Highway Location Reference, 2005
- "Maryland's Geologic Features: Sideling Hill, Washington County". Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- "Map of Mount Vernon Place". Mount Vernon Place: "The Heart of Baltimore". College of Library and Information Services, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. 1998. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- "U.S. Highway 40 / Pulaski Highway". Maryland @ AAroads.com. 2005. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Mapsource. Garmin Ltd. 2003.
- Dresser, Michael (September 23, 2010). "U.S. 40 bridge over Patapsco to be replaced". The Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD). Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- Highway Information Services Division (2011). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- Highway Information Services Division (2005). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- Baltimore City (PDF)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: U.S. Route 40 in Maryland|
|U.S. Route 40|