U.S. Route 42

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U.S. Route 42 marker

U.S. Route 42
Route information
Length: 355 mi[1] (571 km)
Existed: 1926[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: US 31E / US 60 in Louisville, KY
 

I‑71 / I‑75 in Cincinnati, OH
I‑70 near London, OH
I‑80 near Cleveland, OH

I‑90 in Cleveland, OH
East end: US 6 / US 20 in Cleveland, OH
Highway system

U.S. Route 42 (US 42) is an east–west United States highway that runs southwest-northeast for 355 miles (571 km) from Louisville, Kentucky to Cleveland, Ohio. The route has several names including Pearl Road from Cleveland to Medina in Northeast Ohio, Reading Road in Cincinnati, Cincinnati and Lebanon Pike in southwestern Ohio and Brownsboro Road in Louisville, Kentucky. Traveling east, the highway ends in Downtown Cleveland, Ohio; and traveling west it ends in Louisville, Kentucky.

Interstate 71 fully supplanted US 42 as an interurban highway in the early 1960s, relegating US 42 to its current role as an ordinary town-to-town surface road. Additionally, I-71 passes through Columbus, where US 42 avoids Columbus completely. It remains intact as a route; no part of it has ever been diverted to any Interstate highway. It is not the "parent" of any US route with a related number.

In spite of its even number, US 42 is posted north-south in Ohio.[2]

Route description[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

U.S. Route 42 starts in Louisville, KY heading northeast through Prospect on the Oldham County and Jefferson County line. From here US 42 is a two lane road passing through the northern KY hills paralleling between Interstate 71 and the Ohio River. Next, it passes through Goshen and North Oldham High School, which sits off to its north side. U.S. 42 continues through Oldham County into Trimble County. In Bedford US 42 intersects with US 421 and is concurrent through downtown. The route still heading northeast crosses into Carroll County prior to crossing the Kentucky River and entering Carrollton. US 42 follows northeast along the south bank of the Ohio River passing Markland Lock and Dam and KY 1039 Markland Dam Bridge which connects between Kentucky Speedway and Indiana. Heading east US 42 parallels the Ohio River passing through Warsaw, Gallatin County about 5 miles (8.0 km) prior to intersecting with U.S. Route 127 starting an extended concurrency. US 127 heads south toward Glencoe, Owenton, and eventually Frankfort.

From the intersection with US 127, US 42 turns away from the Ohio River bank. US 42 enters Boone County about 2.25 miles (3.62 km) prior to intersecting with the western terminus of KY 14. Continuing North US 42-127 in about 6 miles (9.7 km) intersects Beaver Road KY 338 creating a wrong-way concurrency between U.S. 127 and KY 338: when going north, drivers are traveling east on U.S. 42, north on U.S. 127, and south on Kentucky 338. This continues for less than a mile until it intersects with Richwood Pike where KY 338 splits off continuing south.

Continuing north for several miles the US 42-127 intersects with KY 536 (Mount Zion Road). Prior to KY 536 Ryle High School sits on the road's west side. Just south of Ryle, U.S. 42 turns from a two-lane country road to a five-lane road. US 42 passes through Union prior to continuing to the northeast with U.S. 127. After a couple of miles, it crosses Interstate 71/Interstate 75. Entering Florence US 42 intersects with KY 842 and KY 237. Within Florence U.S. Route 25 Dixie Highway joins in a concurrency with US 42-127 which takes on the name Dixie Highway.[3] After crossing briefly into Elsmere, the route enters Erlanger. U.S. 42 becomes almost entirely a commercial road for the duration of its length in Erlanger. Prior to leaving Erlanger, U.S. 42 becomes narrower and more congested after it crosses KY 236.

U.S. 42 is primarily a commercial road prior to crossing under I-275 and proceeds to turn back into an almost purely residential road with a few exceptions while going north. The route intersects with KY 1303 (Turkeyfoot Road) northern terminus. The Crestview Hills town center lies just south of I-275 on the east side of the road, between Dixie Highway and Turkeyfoot Road. Dixie Heights High School is less than a mile down the road on the western side. Two intersections later US 42 is joined with KY 371 for about 500 feet (150 m). After crossing I-71/I-75 again the road heads in a northeast direction closely parallel to I-71/I-75. As it heads north U.S. 42 starts off mostly as a residential road, turning more and more into a commercial road.

As it winds down from the suburbs into Covington the highway's name changes from Dixie Highway to Pike Street prior to crossing I-71/I-75 again. US 25-42-127 turns left on Main St heading north and crossing KY 8. U.S. 42 crosses into Ohio from Covington on the Clay Wade Bailey Bridge, together with US 25 and US 127.

Ohio[edit]

U.S. 42 crosses into Ohio from Covington on the Clay Wade Bailey Bridge, together with US 127, into Cincinnati, Hamilton County. In Ohio the route is classified as 59.3% rural and 40.7% urban with only 1.1 miles (1.8 km) coded as freeway (while running concurrently with US 23 in Delaware) of 241.8 miles (389.1 km) total.[4] While heading Northeast out of Cincinnati US 42 parallels between I-71 and I-75 intersecting with I-275 prior to leaving Hamilton County. US 42 continues through Butler, Warren, Greene, Clark, Madison, Union, Delaware, Morrow, Richland, Ashland, Wayne and Medina Counties prior to reaching its terminus in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County.[5] The route barely enters Butler and Wayne Counties with about 3 miles (4.8 km) in each.

The portion of U.S. 42 in Warren County between Lebanon and Waynesville is designated "Sergeant Brian Dulle Memorial Highway",[6] in honor of a Warren County Sheriff's deputy who was struck and killed along U.S. 42 on May 10, 2011 by a stolen car, while he was laying out stop sticks to catch the driver.[7]

Major Cities along the route are Xenia, London, Delaware, Mansfield, Ashland and Medina prior to reaching the Cleveland Metropolitan area. In London US 42 intersects with I-70. Other than a short concurrency at each end, in Delaware are the only other two concurrency with US routes. Entering Delaware from the south US 42 runs concurrent with US 23 in Delaware until the junction with US 36 which it follows east for about .25 miles (0.40 km) before turning back to the north. The 1.1 miles (1.8 km) concurrence with US 23 is the only stretch of US 42 that is categorized as a limited access freeway in Ohio.[4]

Heading into Cuyahoga County at Strongsville, U.S. 42 intersects I-80, the Ohio Turnpike, and continues through Middleburg Heights, Parma Heights, and Parma heading into Cleaveland and is known locally as Pearl Road. US 42 continues north intersecting with I-71 and nearby exits to I-90. The route is part of the Ohio & Erie Canalway Scenic Byway while continuing north on West 25th. At this point on the route the road is a business district surrounded by varying business and residents of the Ohio City neighborhood. Along this stretch of the route, can be found many historic buildings, including the West Side Market. The last stretch of US 42 is a concurrency with US 6.

The eastern/northern end of U.S. 42 finds its terminus at the intersection of Superior Ave. and Ontario St. in the middle of Public Square in downtown Cleveland. This intersection also serves as the western terminus of US 322 coming from the east on Superior as well as the western termini of US 422, SR 14, and SR 87 and the northern terminus of SR 8 coming from the south on Ontario.

Major intersections[edit]

State County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Kentucky Jefferson Louisville US 31E north / US 60 west (East Main Street) west end of US 60 overlap
I‑64 I-64 exit 7
US 60 east (Frankfort Avenue) east end of US 60 overlap
Brownsboro Village
Druid Hills
KY 1932 south (Chenoweth Lane) – St. Matthews
Louisville
Northfield
I‑264 to I‑71 – Louisville Zoo I-264 exit 22
Louisville KY 22 east (Seminary Drive)
Prospect KY 841 south (Gene Snyder Freeway) to I‑71 / I‑265
Prospect
Louisville
KY 329 east (Covered Bridge Road)
KY 3222 east (Rose Island Road)
Oldham North Oldham KY 1793 north – Creasey Mahan Nature Preserve
  KY 1694 south
  KY 393 south – Buckner
  KY 524 east – Westport
Russell Corner KY 53 south to I‑71 – La Grange
  KY 524 west
  KY 3223 south
  KY 1488
Henry Sligo KY 153 south to I‑71
Henry
Trimble
  KY 157 east – Sulphur
Trimble Abbott KY 2868 west (Morton Ridge)
  KY 3175 south
Bedford KY 754 west
US 421 south – Frankfort west end of US 421 overlap
US 421 north east end of US 421 overlap
  KY 2871 south (Connector Road)
  KY 3176 north
Carroll   KY 1226 west
  KY 36 west – Milton west end of KY 36 overlap
Prestonville KY 55 south
  Carrollton–Prestonville Bridge over Kentucky River
Carrollton KY 320 south
KY 36 east / KY 227 south to I‑71 – Worthville, General Butler State Park east end of KY 36 overlap
KY 2350 south
  KY 2949 south
Ghent KY 47 south
Gallatin   KY 184
  KY 1039 to I‑71 – Markland Dam, Indiana interchange
Warsaw KY 35 south to I‑71
  US 127 south west end of US 127 overlap
  KY 1992 north
  KY 562 south
Boone   KY 2850 south
Hume KY 14 east
Beaverlick KY 338 north / KY 1292 east – Big Bone Lick State Park west end of KY 338 overlap
  KY 338 south – Richwood east end of KY 338 overlap
Union KY 3060 east (Frogtown Road)
KY 536 (Hathaway Road / Mount Zion Road) – Union Business District
Florence KY 237 (Pleasant Valley Road / Gunpowder Road)
KY 842 (Weaver Road)
Mall Road former KY 3157 north
I‑71 / I‑75 – Cincinnati, Lexington, Louisville I-75 exit 180
KY 1829 east (Industrial Road)
US 25 south (Dixie Highway) west end of US 25 overlap
KY 1017 north (Turfway Road)
Kenton Erlanger KY 236 (Commonwealth Avenue) to I‑75 south
Crestview Hills I‑275 to I‑71 / I‑75 / KY 17 – Airport I-275 exit 83
Lakeside Park KY 1303 south (Turkeyfoot Road)
KY 371 north (Buttermilk Pike) west end of KY 371 overlap
Fort Mitchell KY 371 south (Orphanage Road) east end of KY 371 overlap
I‑71 / I‑75 – Lexington, Louisville, Cincinnati I-75 exit 188
Fort Wright KY 1072 south (Kyles Lane) to I‑71 / I‑75 west end of KY 1072 overlap
KY 1072 north (Sleepy Hollow Road) east end of KY 1072 overlap
Covington I‑71 / I‑75 – Cincinnati, Lexington, Louisville I-75 exit 191
KY 8 east (West 5th Street)
KY 8 west (West 4th Street) to I‑71 / I‑75
Ohio River Clay Wade Bailey Bridge
east end of US 25 overlap
Ohio Hamilton Cincinnati US 27 south / US 52 east (Central Avenue) to I‑71 / I‑75 south south end of US 27 / US 52 overlap
Fifth Street West south end of US 22 / SR 3 overlap
I‑75 north / US 50 west / SR 264 west (Sixth Street West) – Dayton I-75 exit 1C
US 27 north / US 52 west / US 127 north (Central Avenue) to I‑75 north end of US 27 / US 52 / US 127 overlap (northbound)
US 22 east / SR 3 north (Seventh Street West) to US 50 east / I‑71 north north end of US 22 / SR 3 overlap
US 27 north / US 52 west / US 127 north (Central Parkway) north end of US 27 / US 52 / US 127 overlap (southbound)
I‑471 south / Liberty Street – Newport, KY I-471 exit 7; no left turn northbound
I‑71 north – Columbus I-71 exit 2
SR 4 north (Paddock Road) to I‑75
SR 562 to I‑71 / I‑75 SR 562 exit 2
SR 561 (East Seymour Avenue) to I‑75
Reading Galbraith Road to SR 126
Sharonville I‑275 to I‑71 / I‑75 – Dayton, Columbus I-275 exit 46
Butler
No major junctions
Warren Mason SR 741 to I‑71 / I‑75
Lebanon SR 48 south / SR 63 west / SR 123 south (Main Street) south end of SR 48 / SR 123 overlap
SR 123 north (Silver Street) north end of SR 123 overlap
SR 48 north (Broadway) north end of SR 48 overlap
To SR 48 south / I‑71 (via SR 48T)
Waynesville SR 73 – Franklin, Wilmington, Caesar Creek
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 02:55, 4 July 2006 (UTC).[unreliable source]
  2. ^ Google Street View. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  3. ^ http://www.us-highways.com/dixiehwye.htm Dixie Highway East Accessed 23 Apr 14
  4. ^ a b http://www.dot.state.oh.us/Divisions/Planning/TechServ/TIM/Pages/BasicRoadInventory.aspx Ohio Department of Transportation: State System Basic Road Inventory
  5. ^ Google Maps
  6. ^ "5533.752 Sergeant Brian Dulle Memorial Highway". Ohio Revised Code. LAW Writer. March 22, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  7. ^ Hensley, Sarah Beth (May 10, 2013). "Memorial, highway honor Sgt. Brian Dulle two years after his death". WCPO-TV. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Browse numbered routes
US 41 list KY 43