U.S. Route 51 in Tennessee
|State Route 3|
|Maintained by TDOT|
|Length:||135.90 mi (218.71 km)|
|South end:||US 51 at the Mississippi state line|
|I-155 in Dyersburg|
|North end:||Purchase Parkway/US 51 at Kentucky State Line|
|Counties:||Shelby, Tipton, Lauderdale, Dyer, Obion|
U.S. Route 51, mostly overlapped by the unsigned State Route 3 (SR 3), is a north–south state highway in the U.S. state of Tennessee, that is 135.9 miles (218.71 km) long. It begins in Shelby County and ends in Obion County. The SR 3 designation is seen largely on mileposts.
The two places where US 51 and SR 3 differ are in Memphis, where US 51 has been moved to Danny Thomas Boulevard (State Route 1 / State Route 4), while SR 3 remains on the one-way pair of 2nd and 3rd Streets, and in South Fulton, where US 51 crosses the state line on State Route 215 to the Purchase Parkway, while SR 3 remains on the old road, now U.S. Route 45.
This highway crosses four interstate highways on its journey through the state and actually crosses Interstate 240 twice within the City of Memphis but interchanges with it only at Union Avenue. US 51 is the westernmost south–north United States Highway in the State of Tennessee. US 51 is an interstate standard facility from Dyersburg to South of Troy and then resuming interstate standard status north of Union City to South Fulton. US 51 is a four-lane or larger facility throughout the state with some sections north of Dyersburg carrying a 70 mph (110 km/h) speed limit.
Near Henning is also the site of the Hatchie River Bridge collapse on April 1, 1989 that killed 8 motorists when 3 spans of the structure collapsed. The 54-year old bridge was 45 miles (72 km) north of Memphis and carried the northbound lanes of US 51. Its collapse was the result of pier scour and movement of the river channel.
US 51 carries the Tennessee Scenic Parkway designation from its junction with SR 385 in Millington to SR 104 in Dyersburg and also carries the Great River Road designation from US 64/US 70/US 79 in Memphis to SR 88 in Halls.
Counties traversed (south to north)
US 51 traverses the counties shown in the table below.
|Counties traversed by US 51|
Historic two-lane alignments of this highway from Henning north are represented by State Route 209, a portion of State Route 88, State Route 210, State Route 211, a portion of State Route 183 and State Route 184. From Memphis to Henning, most of the original two lane road was upgraded to four lane expressway in the 1960s.
Most of US 51 north of Dyersburg is expected to be upgraded as part of future Interstate 69. Plans currently call for Interstate 69 to run along the existing US 51 freeway from Dyersburg to Troy and from Union City to South Fulton. This section is part of SIU 7 for Interstate 69 and will require few changes beyond resigning the existing highway, however, a bypass route around Troy and Union City will need to be built before this section of future Interstate 69 is completed.
|Shelby||Memphis||US 51 south – Southaven||Mississippi state line|
|SR 175 (Shelby Drive)|
|I-55 to I-240||I-55 exit 5; no access from US 51 south to I-55 north or I-55 south to US 51 north|
|US 78 (Lamar Avenue / SR 4)|
|US 64 east / US 70 east / US 72 east / US 79 north (Union Avenue / SR 23 east)||south end of US 64 / US 70 / US 79 overlap|
|I-240 south||I-240 exit 30|
|US 64 west / US 70 west / US 79 south (Union Avenue / SR 3 north) / Danny Thomas Boulevard south (SR 1 west / SR 4 east)||interchange; north end of US 64 / US 70 / US 79 / SR 3 overlap; south end of SR 1 / SR 4 overlap|
|I-40 – Little Rock, Nashville||I-40 exits 1B-D|
|SR 1 east (North Parkway) / SR 14 south (A.W. Willis Avenue)||north end of SR 1 overlap; south end of SR 14 overlap|
|SR 14 north (Jackson Avenue)||north end of SR 14 overlap|
|Chelsea Avenue (SR 3 south)||north end of SR 4 overlap; south end of SR 3 overlap; no left turn from either direction|
|I-40 (via SR 300) – Airport||I-40 exit 2A|
|Great River Road south (Whitney Avenue)|
|SR 388 north / Great River Road north (North Watkins Street) – Meeman-Shelby State Park|
|Millington||SR 385 east (Paul W. Barret Parkway) to I-40|
|SR 205 south (Navy Road) – University of Memphis Millington Center, Millington Municipal Airport, NSA Mid-South|
|Tipton||Atoka / Munford||SR 178 north (Tipton Road) – Munford|
|SR 206 – Munford, Atoka, Drummonds|
|Brighton||Old Highway 51 - Brighton Business District|
|Old Highway 51 - Brighton Business District|
|Covington||SR 59 east – truck route to SR 54 east||south end of SR 59 overlap|
|SR 54 east (West Pleasant Street) – Brownsville|
|SR 59 west / Great River Road south (West Liberty Avenue) – Duvall Landing||north end of SR 59 overlap|
|SR 384 south – truck route to SR 54 east|
|Lauderdale||SR 209 north – Henning, Alex Haley Museum|
|Henning||SR 87 / Great River Road north – Fort Pillow, Henning, Fort Pillow State Historic Park, Alex Haley Museum and Interpretive Center|
|Ripley||SR 19 east – Ripley Business District, Brownsville||south end of SR 19 overlap|
|SR 19 west / Great River Road south – Ripley||interchange; north end of SR 19 overlap|
|SR 208 south – Ripley|
|SR 180 south – Gates|
|Halls||SR 88 / Great River Road north – Halls, Mississippi River||interchange|
|Dyer||Four Points||To SR 210 – Unionville, Jackson|
US 51 Bus. north (SR 211) to US 412 east – truck route to SR 104 east
|SR 104 – Finley, Trenton|
|SR 78 north / SR 78 south to I-155 / US 412 – Tiptonville, Reelfoot Lake State Park, Dyersburg State Community College|
US 51 Bus. south (SR 211) – Dyersburg
|south end of SR 211 overlap|
|US 412 east / SR 211 north to I-40 – Jackson, Newbern||interchange; north end of SR 211 overlap; south end of US 412 overlap; south end of freeway|
|I-155 west / US 412 west – St. Louis||north end of US 412 overlap; I-155 exit 15|
|Newbern||SR 77 – Newbern|
|SR 105 – Trimble, Rutherford|
|Obion||Obion||SR 183 – Obion|
|SR 183 north – Obion||north end of freeway|
|Troy||SR 21 west – Troy, Hornbeak, Reelfoot Lake State Park, Port of Cates Landing||south end of SR 21 overlap|
|SR 21 east||north end of SR 21 overlap|
|Union City||SR 184 south|
|SR 431 south (Reelfoot Road) to US 45 south / US 45W – Martin, Airport|
|SR 22 north / SR 5 (West Main Street) – Woodland Mills, Reelfoot Lake, Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge, Port of Cates Landing, Business District||south end of SR 22 overlap|
|SR 21 – Clinton, KY, Union City|
|US 45W south / SR 22 south / Ken-Tenn Road (SR 214 north) / Section Line Road||interchange; north end of SR 22 overlap; south end of US 45W overlap; south end of freeway|
|South Fulton||SR 214 (Ken Tenn Road)||interchange; north end of freeway|
|US 45 north (SR 3) / US 45E south (SR 215) – South Fulton, Martin, Jackson||interchange; north end of US 45W / SR 3 overlap; south end of SR 215 overlap; south end of freeway|
|US 51 north / Purchase Parkway north||Kentucky state line|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Tennessee Department of Transportation County Maps and City Maps
- Tennessee Department of Transportation (24 January 2003). "State Highway and Interstate List 2003"
- Haestad Methods, Inc., 13.9 Lateral Scour-The Hatchie River Bridge Failure
- National Transportation Safety Board; July 24, 1990 Letter to Gov. Ned McWherter
- Tennessee Department of Transportation Interstate 69 SIU 7 Project Home Page
- "Memphis-Evansville Section Details". I69Info.com. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- Media related to U.S. Route 51 in Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons