U.S. Route 52 in Iowa

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This article is about the section of U.S. Route 52 in Iowa. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 52.

U.S. Highway 52 marker

U.S. Highway 52
Route information
Maintained by Iowa DOT
Length: 166.409 mi[2] (267.809 km)
Existed: 1935[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: US 52 / IL 64 at Savanna, Ill.
  US 67 near Sabula
US 61 / US 151 at Dubuque
US 18 at Postville
North end: US 52 near Burr Oak
Location
Counties: Jackson, Dubuque, Clayton, Allamakee, Winneshiek
Highway system
Iowa 51 Iowa 56

U.S. Highway 52 (US 52) is a 166-mile-long (267 km) United States highway in northeast Iowa. The route begins at the Savanna–Sabula Bridge over the Mississippi River between Sabula and Savanna, Illinois. From Sabula, it heads north along the Mississippi towards Bellevue and Dubuque. At Dubuque, US 52 briefly shares an expressway with U.S. Route 61 and U.S. Route 151.

North of Dubuque, the route follows the course of the river and turns to the west. At Luxemburg, it turns to the north towards Guttenberg. It then heads northwest where it overlaps U.S. Route 18 for 15 miles (24 km). At Calmar, US 52 turns to the north towards Decorah. US 52 crosses into Minnesota north of Burr Oak.

Despite its even number, US 52 is signed as a north–south route. According to the layout of the U.S. Highway System, even-numbered routes are generally signed as east–west routes.

Route description[edit]

U.S. Highway 52 begins in Iowa with Iowa Highway 64 on the Savanna–Sabula Bridge over the Mississippi River north of Sabula. After descending the bridge, the two routes turn to the south and travel along a narrow, 2 12-mile-long (4.0 km) causeway through the Mississippi backwaters.[2] The two routes pass through Sabula, a city known as Iowa's island city,[3] and turn west crossing another causeway to the mainland. Upon rising from the river valley, US 52 / Iowa 64 meet the northern end of U.S. Route 67. Iowa 64 continues west with US 67, while US 52 turns north to follow the river.

A violin painted on a silo near Green Island, a landmark along the route

Between Sabula and Bellevue, US 52 follows the course of the Mississippi River. The roadway gradually enters the Driftless Area, a region of the midwestern United States which escaped glaciation during the last glacial period. Near the unincorporated community of Green Island, the highway passes through terrain where the elevation ranges from 600–800 feet (180–240 m) above sea level.[4] North of Green Island, where it crosses the Maquoketa River, US 52 follows the bluffs along the Mississippi River valley. The Iowa, Chicago and Eastern Railroad (ICE Railroad) which runs parallel to US 52 between Green Island and Bellevue,[5] in locations, lies 50 feet (15 m) below the road as the roadway follows the bluffs while the railroad tracks stay in the flat valley.[6]

US 52 closely follows the Mississippi River through Bellevue

At Bellevue, US 52 runs along the city's riverfront and passes Lock and Dam No. 12. North of Bellevue, it turns to the northwest and rises 400 feet (120 m) in elevation and then descends 300 feet (91 m) at St. Donatus.[7] North of St. Donatus, the highway travels 10 miles (16 km) and enters the Dubuque area and intersects U.S. Highway 61 and U.S. Highway 151.[2]

The three routes head to the north towards downtown Dubuque. Shortly after a diamond interchange with Grandview Avenue, the three routes curve to the east and encounter a partial diamond interchange with Locust Street, which provides direct access to U.S. Route 20. The expressway curves back to the north, passes underneath the Julien Dubuque Bridge, and intersects a connector road which allows southbound traffic to access US 20. The expressway rises above ground level and heads towards Wisconsin, but US 52 exits at the 9th and 11th Streets exit. The exit also serves as the eastern end of Iowa Highway 3.

Through Dubuque, US 52 / Iowa 3 follow one-way streets for 1 14 miles (2.0 km).[2] Northbound traffic follows 11th Street before turning onto White Street. Southbound traffic follows Central Avenue before turning onto 9th Street. The one-way streets realign onto Central Avenue, on which the routes stay for the rest of their time in Dubuque. South of Sageville, the two highways intersect Dubuque's Northwest Arterial, which carries Iowa Highway 32. North of Sageville, US 52 / Iowa 3 turn to the west along a particularly curvy and dangerous section of the road between Luxemburg and Dubuque. In a study conducted by the Center for Transportation Research and Education at Iowa State University, between 2002 and 2006, over 240 accidents with 6 fatalities occurred on this section.[8] The road rises from the Driftless Area near Holy Cross and continues to Luxemburg.

At Luxemburg, US 52 and Iowa 3 split at an intersection with Iowa Highway 136. From Luxemburg, US 52 heads north towards Guttenberg. As it approaches the Mississippi River, the road reenters the Driftless Area. After crossing the Turkey River, the highway rises nearly 300 feet (91 m) in elevation before descending again at Guttenberg.[9] North of Guttenberg, US 52 rises out of the Mississippi valley and travels west and then northwest away from the river. North of Garnavillo, it intersects Iowa 128, which serves as a cutoff to Iowa 13 near Elkader. Eight miles (13 km) later, it intersects Iowa 13 at its northern end.

One mile (1.6 km) north of the Iowa 13 intersection, US 52 intersects U.S. Highway 18. Between this location and Calmar, US 52 runs parallel to the ICE Railroad.[5] The two highways travel together to the northwest for 17 miles (27 km) through Monona and Postville. At Postville, US 18 / US 52 intersect Iowa Highway 51. On the west side of Postville, US 52 splits away from US 18 and heads to the northwest towards Calmar. At Calmar, US 52 turns to the north at an intersection which is also the eastern end of Iowa Highway 24 and the northern end of Iowa Highway 150. It heads to the north-northeast for 9 miles (14 km) to an intersection with Iowa Highway 9 on the southwest side of Decorah. From Iowa 9, the route crosses the Upper Iowa River near the Luther College campus. It heads north past the unincorporated community of Burr Oak. 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Burr Oak, US 52 crosses the state line into Minnesota.

History[edit]

U.S. Highway 52 was designated in Iowa in 1935, replacing U.S. Highway 55 from Primary Road No. 117 near Sabula to the Minnesota state line north of Burr Oak. US 52 crossed the Mississippi River at the recently constructed Savanna–Sabula Bridge, which opened in 1932. The section of old-US 55 from Primary Road No. 117 to Dubuque was overlapped by U.S. Highway 67 until 1967 when US 67 was truncated back to the intersection with US 52 on Iowa 64.[10]

From 1963 to 1967, US 52 was realigned from Dubuque to Luxemburg to follow U.S. Highway 20 to Dyersville and Iowa Highway 136 to Luxemburg while its original alignment was rebuilt. During this time, Iowa 136, which ended at US 52 in Luxemburg, was truncated back to US 20 at Dyersville, but it was redesignated along this segment after US 52 returned to its old alignment.[11][12]

In the mid-1990s, US 52 / US 61 / US 151 in Dubuque were shifted onto a new expressway through downtown Dubuque, which caused the three U.S. highways to no longer intersect US 20 directly. Iowa Highway 946 was designated as a connector route to provide direct access to US 20 from the three U.S. highways.[13]

In April 2013, the city of Dubuque and surrounding jurisdictions proposed rerouting US 52 so that it would go from Luxemburg to Dyersville to meet up with US 20 and from there the highway would share an alignment with US 20 until reaching the proposed Southwest Arterial. US 52 would then be routed on to the Southwest Arterial, bypassing the city of Dubuque and heading southwest to US 61  / US 151, where it would then be linked to the existing highway US 52 on to Bellevue and Sabula.[14]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[2] km Destinations Notes
Carroll Savanna US 52 east / IL 64 east Continuation into Illinois
Mississippi River 0.000 0.000 Savanna–Sabula Bridge
Jackson Union Township 3.754 6.041 US 67 south / Iowa 64 west National end of US 67; north end of Iowa 64 overlap
Bellevue 23.782 38.273 Iowa 62 west
Dubuque Key West 44.209 71.147 US 61 south / US 151 south South end of US 61 / US 151 overlap
Dubuque 45.544 73.296 Grandview Avenue
45.913 73.890 To US 20 (Locust Street) Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
46.845 75.390 To US 20 (via Locust Street)
47.113 75.821 White Street, Port of Dubuque Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
47.358 76.215 US 61 north / US 151 north / Iowa 3 west North end of US 61 / US 151 overlap; south end of Iowa 3 overlap
Sageville 50.970 82.028 Iowa 32 south
Luxemburg 73.549 118.366 Iowa 3 west / Iowa 136 south North end of Iowa 3 overlap
Clayton Garnavillo Township 98.140 157.941 Iowa 128 west
Farmersburg Township 106.283 171.046 Iowa 13 south
Giard Township 107.244 172.592 US 18 east South end of US 18 overlap
Allamakee Postville 123.535 198.810 Iowa 51 north
Post Township 124.284 200.016 US 18 west North end of US 18 overlap
Winneshiek Calmar 141.183 227.212 Iowa 24 west / Iowa 150 south
Decorah 150.609 242.382 Iowa 9
Burr Oak Township 166.409 267.809 US 52 north
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Related route[edit]

Iowa Highway 946
Location: Dubuque
Length: 0.927 mi[2] (1.492 km)
Existed: 1990s–present

Iowa Highway 946's short route begins at a partial trumpet interchange along the US 52 / US 61 / US 151 expressway. Northbound traffic passes beneath the expressway and joins southbound traffic on Locust Street. In the half-mile (800 m) between US 52 / US 61 / US 151 and US 20, Iowa 946 passes a light industrial area containing a Hy-Vee grocery store.[2]

map
A map of primary highways in Dubuque with Iowa 946 highlighted in red.

Iowa 946 intersects U.S. Highway 20, known locally as Dodge Street, at a signal-controlled intersection. Immediately east of this intersection is the approach to the Julien Dubuque Bridge, which carries US 20 across the Mississippi River into East Dubuque, Illinois. Iowa 946 continues north on Locust for 1,000 feet (300 m) through another light industrial area. At the edge of downtown Dubuque, Highway 946 turns east for 600 feet (180 m) where it meets US 52 / US 61 / US 151 just west of Dubuque's Ice Harbor.[2]

Iowa 946 was created along Locust Street upon the completion[when?] of an expressway which relocated U.S. Highway 52, U.S. Highway 61, and U.S. Highway 151 away from Locust Street and closer to the Mississippi River. The new expressway carried the three routes beneath the approach to the Julien Dubuque Bridge, making a direct intersection impossible. Since all four routes are U.S. Highways and come from all directions, it was imperative to keep the routes connected.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weingroff, Richard F. (January 9, 2009). "U.S. 52 Charleston, South Carolina, to Portal, North Dakota". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved November 19, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h 2009 Volume of Traffic on the Primary Road System of Iowa (PDF). Iowa Department of Transportation. January 1, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2010. 
  3. ^ Jackson County, Iowa (2001). "Sabula". Retrieved October 9, 2010. 
  4. ^ Iowa State University. "Iowa Geographic Map Server". Green Island. Retrieved October 9, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Iowa Department of Transportation (July 1, 2008). Iowa State Railroad Map (Map). http://www.iowadotmaps.com/msp/pdf/Rail_Base.pdf. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  6. ^ Iowa State University. "Iowa Geographic Map Server". Jackson County. Retrieved October 9, 2010. 
  7. ^ Iowa State University. "Iowa Geographic Map Server". St. Donatus. Retrieved October 9, 2010. 
  8. ^ Center for Transportation Research and Education (June 2008). "Road Safety Audit for US 52 in Dubuque County from IA 136 to the NCL of Dubuque". Iowa State University. p. 8. Retrieved October 9, 2010. 
  9. ^ Iowa State University. "Iowa Geographic Map Server". Guttenberg. Retrieved October 9, 2010. 
  10. ^ Iowa State Highway Commission (1967). Iowa State Highway Map (Map). http://www.iowadotmaps.com/msp/historical/pdf/1967_front.pdf. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  11. ^ Iowa State Highway Commission (1964). Iowa State Highway Map (Map). Section F24. http://www.iowadotmaps.com/msp/historical/pdf/1964_front.pdf. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  12. ^ Iowa State Highway Commission (1968). Iowa State Highway Map (Map). Section F24. http://www.iowadotmaps.com/msp/historical/pdf/1968_front.pdf. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  13. ^ Iowa Department of Transportation (1996). Iowa State Highway Map (Map). Dubuque inset. http://www.iowadotmaps.com/msp/historical/pdf/1996_back.pdf. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  14. ^ Habegger, Becca (2013-04-11), Dubuque facing changes in southwest arterial, US Hwy 52, Waterloo, Iowa: KWWL, retrieved 2013-05-11 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

U.S. Route 52
Previous state:
Minnesota
Iowa Next state:
Illinois