U.S. Route 55

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U.S. Route 55 marker

U.S. Route 55
Route information
Length: 370 mi[1][2] (600 km)
Existed: 1926 – 1934[3]
Major junctions
South end: US 61 in Davenport, Iowa
  US 30 in Clinton
US 20 / US 61 in Dubuque, Iowa
US 14 in Rochester, Minn.
US 65 in Farmington, Minn.
North end: US 12 in Minneapolis, Minn.
Highway system

U.S. Highway 55 was a north–south United States highway. Though it was part of the original 1926 numbering plan, it was deleted within 10 years.

Route description[edit]

From its southern terminus in Dubuque, Iowa, U.S. Highway 55 initially followed the route of present day U.S. Highway 52 to Hampton, Minnesota excepting for later local improvements such as the Rochester and Decorah bypasses.

North of Hampton, Minnesota, U.S. Highway 55 headed north and west to downtown Minneapolis. Within the village of Hampton, Minnesota, U.S. Highway 55 followed along Main Street and present-day Minnesota Highway 50 to Farmington. Within Farmington, the highway had a shared segment with what was then U.S. Highway 65 (now Minnesota Highway 3) to Elm Street.

From Farmington, U.S. Highway 55 headed westward to Burnsville via present-day 212th Street West, Lakeville Blvd, 210th Street West, Kenwood Trail, and Burnsville Parkway to Lyndale Ave (now Interstate 35W). Following the decommissioning of U.S. Highway 55, the portion of the route between Farmington and Burnsville was subsequently designated as a portion of Minnesota Highway 50, and transferred to County control in 1994 as Dakota County Road 50. From Burnsville, U.S. Highway 55 again turned northwards, following Lyndale Avenue across the Minnesota River and into Downtown Minneapolis via Lyndale Avenue, Lake Street, and 3rd Avenue.

History[edit]

When the route was designated in 1926, its northern terminus was in Minneapolis at an intersection with U.S. Highway 12, near the Mississippi River. Its southern terminus was in Dubuque, Iowa, at an intersection with U.S. Highway 61 (or possibly U.S. Highway 20). In 1932, US 55 was extended south to Davenport, Iowa, to another intersection with US 61. While US 61 followed a more direct route from Dubuque to Davenport, the new US 55 extension followed the western shore of the Mississippi River.

Just two years later, in 1934, US 55 was deleted entirely. U.S. Highway 67 was extended through Davenport to Dubuque, absorbing the 1932 extension of US 55. The northern half of this stretch was co-signed with an extension of U.S. Highway 52, which took over the US 55 designation to Hampton, Minnesota. From Hampton, US 52 was routed to Saint Paul via Minnesota Highway 56 to Inver Grove Heights and Robert Street into downtown Saint Paul. The remainder of U.S. Highway 55 north and west of Hampton was designated as U.S. Highway 65. The prior routing of U.S. Highway 65 into from Farmington to Saint Paul was redesignated as U.S. Highway 218 for one year, and subsequently redesignated as Minnesota Highway 218, and later as Minnesota Highway 3.

The number "55" was later proposed for the route which would become U.S. Highway 56.[4]

Major intersections[edit]

State County Location Mile[1][2] km Destinations Notes
Iowa Scott Davenport 0 0 US 61
Clinton Clinton 38 61 US 30 west South end of US 30 overlap
40 64 US 30 east / Iowa 136 north North end of US 30 overlap
Jackson Union Township 55 89 Iowa 117
Bellevue 76 122 Iowa 62 west
Dubuque Key West 97 156 US 61 south South end of US 61 overlap
Dubuque 101 163 US 20
102 164 US 61 north North end of US 61 overlap
Luxemburg 127 204 Iowa 10 west / Iowa 188 south
Clayton Garnavillo Township 152 245 Iowa 128 west
Farmersburg Township 161 259 Iowa 13 south South end of Iowa 13 overlap
Giard Township 162 261 US 18 east / Iowa 13 north South end of US 18 overlap; north end of Iowa 13 overlap
Allamakee Postville 180 290 Iowa 51 north
Post Township 181 291 US 18 west North end of US 18 overlap
Winneshiek Calmar 199 320 Iowa 11 south / Iowa 24 west
Decorah 210 338 Iowa 9
  225
0
362
0
IowaMinnesota state line
Minnesota Fillmore Canton Township 1 2 TH 44 east
Preston Township 16 26 US 16 east South end of US 16 overlap
Fountain Township 21 34 US 16 west North end of US 16 overlap
Olmsted Rochester 49 79 US 14 east South end of US 14 overlap
51 82 TH 59
53 85 US 14 west North end of US 14 overlap
Goodhue Zumbrota 76 122 TH 58 north
Minneola Township 77 124 TH 21 west
Cannon Falls 98 158 TH 20 north / TH 50 north North end of TH 20 overlap; south end of TH 50 overlap
Dakota Farmington 113 182 US 65
Hennepin Fort Snelling 135 217 TH 52
Minneapolis 143 230 TH 12
145 233 US 10 / US 12 / TH 3 / TH 50 south North end of TH 50 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  • Information regarding routing of U.S. Highways within Minnesota was obtained from vintage maps provided by Mid-West Map Company (1929) and H.M. Gousha Company (1935 and 1940).
  1. ^ a b Iowa State Highway Commission (August 1934). Iowa State Highway Map (Map). http://www.iowadot.gov/maps/msp/historical/pdf/1934-august-front.pdf. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Rand McNally & Company (1947). Road and Reference Atlas (Map). 1 inch (25 mm)=20 miles (32 km). pp. 52–53.
  3. ^ Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 02:55, 3 July 2009 (UTC).
  4. ^ Oklahoma Department of Transportation, Chronological History Documentation: US 56 (correspondence between ODOT, AASHO, and other DOTs)

External links[edit]