U.S. Route 59

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U.S. Route 59 marker

U.S. Route 59
Route information
Length: 1,911 mi[1] (3,075 km)
Existed: 1934[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: Fed. 85D at Mexican border in Laredo, TX
 
North end: PTH 59 at Canadian border near Lancaster, MN
Highway system

U.S. Route 59 is a north–south United States highway (though it is signed east–west in parts of Texas). A latecomer to the U.S. numbered route system, U.S. 59 is now a border-to-border route, part of NAFTA Corridor Highway System. It parallels U.S. Route 75 for nearly its entire route, never much more than 100 miles (160 km) away, until it veers southwest in Houston, Texas. Its number is out of place since U.S. 59 is either concurrent with or entirely west of U.S. Route 71.

The highway's northern terminus is nine miles (14 km) north of Lancaster, Minnesota, at the Canadian border, where it continues as Manitoba Highway 59. Its southern terminus is at the Mexican border in Laredo, Texas, where it continues as Mexican Federal Highway 85D.

Route description[edit]

Texas[edit]

U.S. Highway 59 (US 59) in the U.S. state of Texas is named the Lloyd Bentsen Highway, after Lloyd Bentsen, former U.S. Senator from Texas. In northern Houston, US 59, co-signed with Interstate 69 (I-69), is the Eastex Freeway (from Downtown Houston to Humble). To the south, which is also co-signed with I-69, it is the Southwest Freeway (from Rosenberg to Downtown Houston), which is one of the busiest sections of freeway in the United States with a vehicle count, as of 2006, over 330,000 vehicles per day just outside the Loop.[2]

US 59 (overlapped by US 71) actually straddles the border between Texas and Arkansas north of I-30 near Texarkana, with the east side of the highway on the Arkansas side and the west side of the highway on the Texas side. In the past, both highways remained on the border past I-30 as State Line Avenue to downtown Texarkana; today, only US 71 does so. Nearly 90% of this route is designated to become part of I-69 in the future. Currently 75 mph (120 km/h) speed limits are allowed on US 59 in Duval County and portions of northern Polk County.

In Texas U.S. Route 59 is known as the Lloyd Bentsen Highway for the U.S. senator (1971-1993) and the Democratic vice-presidential nominee (1988).

From the southwestern suburbs of Houston to Downtown Houston, U.S. 59 is commonly referred to as the "Southwest Freeway," sometimes derisively as the "Southwest's Best Freeway." Supporting 371,000 vehicles per day,[3] it is one of the busiest freeways in the United States. U.S. 59 is known as the "Eastex Freeway" in the north/northeast part of the Houston region. On US-Mexico Border, it ends at the World Trade International Bridge in Laredo, Texas. In Laredo, U.S. 59 has an intersection with Interstate 35 which ends at the Juarez-Lincoln International Bridge. After crossing the bridge into Mexico, Interstate 35 becomes Mexican Federal Highway 85 in Nuevo Laredo which then runs through Mexico and Central America and ends in Panama at the Panama Canal.

Downtown Houston skyline along U.S. Route 59
Uptown Houston Skyscrapers along U.S. Route 59

Arkansas[edit]

In Arkansas, U.S. 59 is concurrent with U.S. Route 71 from Interstate 30 at Texarkana to Acorn, and with U.S. Route 270 from Acorn to the Oklahoma state line. The Third Loop was to be Extended on Interstate 49 from its original northern end to US-71 at the Texas state line opened on May 15, 2013 and was extended to State Line Road, where it intersects US-59 and US-71 in Texas.

Oklahoma[edit]

U.S. 59 and U.S. Route 412 are co-signed for 10 miles (16 km) in Delaware County, Oklahoma.

U.S. 59 is co-signed with U.S. Route 270 from the Arkansas State Line to Heavener and U.S. Route 271 from Poteau to west of Spiro. It is also co-signed with U.S. Route 64 in Sallisaw.

Kansas[edit]

The newly upgraded U.S. Route 59 freeway between Ottawa, Kansas and Lawrence, Kansas

U.S. 59 enters the state just south of Chetopa and runs nearly directly north across the state. U.S. 59 runs concurrently with U.S. 169 starting about four miles (6 km) south of Garnett and diverges north again immediately south of Garnett. The intersection immediately south of Garnett used to be a "braided" intersection with stop and yield signs. It was identified as a high crash location in 2001, and was rebuilt as a roundabout that opened in April 2006.[4] The Kansas Department of Transportation is rebuilding or planning to rebuild several other rural intersections as roundabouts for increased safety.[5][6] U.S. 59 passes through Lawrence. The street name of U.S. 59 in Lawrence is Iowa Street, then 6th Street as it joins U.S. 40 and jogs east to cross the Kansas River near downtown. North of the U.S. 40 and 59 Bridges, it splits with U.S. 40 as it joins U.S. 24 briefly and jogs back west before resuming a northerly course. It continues north to Nortonville, then northeast to Atchison, where it crosses the Missouri River over the Amelia Earhart Bridge.

U.S. 59 has been rebuilt and rerouted just to the east between Lawrence and Ottawa as a divided highway, as the former road was one of the most dangerous stretches of highway in the state. The project began in mid 2007 and was completed and opened to the public on October 17, 2012.[7]

Missouri[edit]

In Missouri, U.S. 59 roughly follows the Missouri River in the northwest corner of the state, from its entrance at Winthrop. In Saint Joseph the highway is paired with Interstate 229 through downtown. U.S. 59 departs from I-229 as Saint Joseph Avenue, joining with U.S. Route 71 at Interstate 29. The two highways then separate in Savannah. U.S. 59 then follows Interstate 29 very closely until turning northward at Craig. It exits the state ten miles (16 km) north of Tarkio. This section of US 59 is immortalized in the Brewer and Shipley song "Tarkio Road".

Iowa[edit]

In Iowa, U.S. 59 is a main north–south artery in the western part of the state. It enters Iowa south of Shenandoah and junctions Interstate 80 at Avoca. It passes through the county seats of Harlan, Denison, and Cherokee. Except for small stretches of expressway near Avoca, Denison, and Holstein, the entire length of U.S. 59 in Iowa is an undivided two-lane road. U.S. 59 exits the state near Hawkeye Point, the highest point in the state of Iowa.

Minnesota[edit]

U.S. 59 enters Minnesota south of Worthington, just one mile (1.6 km) east of Bigelow. It passes through rural western Minnesota for its entire length in the state. Some cities along the way include Currie, Marshall, Clarkfield, Montevideo, and Morris. U.S. 59 overlaps Interstate 94 in the Fergus Falls area. North of Fergus Falls, U.S. 59 passes through Pelican Rapids, Detroit Lakes and Thief River Falls before ending at the Canadian border north of Lancaster. US-59 runs for approximately 425 miles through Minnesota.

The Minnesota section of U.S. 59 is legally defined as all or part of Routes 265, 16, 17, 88, 66, 144, 3, 30, and 174 in Minnesota Statutes §§ 161.115(19), (75), and (196) and 161.114(2).[8][9]

History[edit]

In 1934, a coalition of government officials from Missouri, Iowa, and Minnesota agreed to sign the current U.S. Route 59 as Highway 73 in an attempt to extend U.S. Route 73 north from Atchison, Kansas. However, AASHO approved the route as U.S. Route 59 instead.[10]

The part in Missouri was defined in 1922 as Route 52 from Kansas to St. Joseph, Route 1 from St. Joseph to Tarkio, and Route 61 from Tarkio to Iowa. Route 61 became Route 9 in 1926, and Route 52 became part of Route 4 in the late 1920s, before being removed in favor of U.S. 59 in the 1930s.

U.S. 59 originally crossed into North Dakota at Pembina until the early 1950s.[citation needed]

Historic termini[edit]

Before the 1960s, U.S. 59 headed northwest to U.S. 75, crossed the Red River of the North at St. Vincent and terminated at U.S. 81 in Pembina, North Dakota. A new highway and border crossing was built north of Lancaster on the present alignment. The former segment of U.S. 59 between Lancaster and U.S. 75 became Kittson County 6, and the extremely short segment between U.S. 75 and U.S. 81 became Minnesota State Highway 171 and North Dakota Highway 59. ND Route 59 still exists in Pembina from the MN-ND border to Interstate 29.

From 1934 to 1935, the U.S. 59 designation referred to a 50-mile (80 km)-long route across southeastern Minnesota, from Lake City, Minnesota, to the Iowa border just short of Chester, Iowa. That entire route is now part of U.S. Route 63, and nowhere close to the present U.S. 59, established in 1935.[1]

Future[edit]

A large portion of U.S. 59 is proposed to become part of the future extension of Interstate 69 through Texas, allowing the current alignment and right-of-way to be upgraded without the need for extensive eminent domain proceedings.[11]

Major intersections[edit]

Texas
World Trade International Bridge at the Mexico–United States border
I-69W in Laredo. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I-35 / US 83 in Laredo
US 281 in George West
I-37 east of George West
US 181 in Beeville
US 183 in Goliad
Future I-69 / Future I-69E / Future I-69W / US 77 southwest of Victoria. I-69/US 59 travels concurrently to Houston. US 59/US 77 travels concurrently to south-southwest of Victoria.
US 87 in Victoria
Future I-69 / I-610 in Houston
I-45 in Houston
I-10 / US 90 in Houston
Future I-69 / I-610 in Houston. I-69/US 59 travels concurrently to Tenaha.
US 190 in Livingston
US 287 in Corrigan
US 69 in Lufkin. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
US 259 in Redfield
US 84 in Timpson. The highways travel concurrently to Tenaha.
Future I-69 / Future I-369 / US 84 / US 96 in Tenaha. I-369/US 59 travels concurrently to Texarkana.
US 79 in Carthage. The highways travel concurrently to north of Carthage.
I-20 in Marshall
US 80 in Marshall
I-369 in Texarkana. I-369/US 59 travels concurrently to I-30.
US 67 in Texarkana
US 82 in Texarkana
I-30 / I-369 in Texarkana. I-30/US 59 travels concurrently to the Arkansas state line.
Arkansas
I-30 / US 71 in Texarkana. US 59/US 71 travels concurrently to Acorn.
Texas
I-49 north of Texarkana
Arkansas
US 371 in Lockesburg. The highways travel concurrently to De Queen.
US 70 in Saline Township. The highways travel concurrently to De Queen.
US 278 in Wickes
US 71 / US 270 in Acorn. US 59/US 270 travels concurrently to Heavener, Oklahoma.
Oklahoma
US 259 west-northwest of Page
US 271 in Poteau. The highways travel concurrently to west of Spiro.
I-40 in Sallisaw
US 64 in Sallisaw. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
US 62 in Westville
US 412 in West Siloam Springs. The highways travel concurrently to Kansas.
US 60 / US 69 east-northeast of Afton. US 59/US 60 travels concurrently for approximately 0.6 miles (0.97 km). US 59/US 69 travels concurrently to north of Dotyville.
I-44 / US 60 east-northeast of Afton
Kansas
US 166 in Chetopa. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
US 160 in Oswego. The highways travel concurrently to the Mount PleasantFairview township line.
US 400 in Parsons
US 54 in Moran
US 169 in Welda Township. The highways travel concurrently to Washington Township.
I-35 / US 50 in Ottawa. The highways travel concurrently to Ottawa Township.
US 56 in Willow Springs Township
US 40 in Lawrence. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I-70 in Lawrence
US 24 / US 40 in Lawrence. US 24/US 59 travels concurrently to Williamstown.
US 73 in Shannon Township. The highways travel concurrently to Atchison.
Missouri
I-229 in St. Joseph. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
US 36 in St. Joseph
I-29 / US 71 in Jefferson Township
US 71 in Nodaway Township
I-29 in Jackson Township. The highways travel concurrently to Nodaway Township.
I-29 in Hickory Township
US 159 in Hickory Township
I-29 in Union Township
US 136 in Tarkio Township. The highways travel concurrently to Tarkio.
Iowa
US 34 in Indian Creek Township
US 6 in Belknap Township. The highways travel concurrently to Oakland.
I-80 in Avoca
US 30 in Denison. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
US 20 on the LoganGriggs township line. The highways travel concurrently to Holstein.
US 18 on the FranklinLincoln township line. The highways travel concurrently to Sanborn.
Minnesota
I-90 in Worthington
US 14 in Custer Township
US 212 in Camp Release Township. The highways travel concurrently to Montevideo.
US 12 in Moyer Township
I-94 / US 52 on the BuseDane Prairie township line. The highways travel concurrently to Fergus Falls Township.
US 10 in Detroit Lakes
US 2 in Knute Township
PTH 59 at the Canada–United States border on the RichardvilleSt. Joseph township line

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways: From U.S. 1 to (U.S. 830). March 9, 2006.
  2. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Traffic Counts Last accessed 2007-12-12.
  3. ^ Staff. "Houston". Retrieved October 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Church, David (2007-05-11). Kansas – High Speed Approach Rural Roundabouts (PDF). MoDOT State Traffic & Safety Conference. Missouri Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2014-12-27. 
  5. ^ Myers, Ed; Waltman, Eric (2003-02-07). "Intersection Improvement Feasibility Study US 169/US 59 Intersection – Garnett, Kansas" (PDF). KSDOT.org. Kittelson & Associates. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2015-02-28. 
  6. ^ King, Steve (2005-05-22). KDOT (PDF). National Roundabout Conference. Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2015-02-28. 
  7. ^ Belt, Mike (2007-06-21). "End of the Road for 'Silent Killer'". Lawrence Journal-World (The World Company). Retrieved 2015-02-28. 
  8. ^ "161.115, Minnesota Statutes 2006". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "161.114, Minnesota Statutes 2006". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Iowa Highways — U.S. 73". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  11. ^ I69Info.com: "New" and "Old" Terrain

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing

Browse numbered routes
SH 57 TX SH 59
AR 58 AR AR 59
SH-58 OK SH-59
K-58 KS K-60
Route 58 MO Route 59
Iowa 58 IA Iowa 60
MN 58 MN MN 60