U.S. Route 6 in New York
Map of New York with US 6 highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYSDOT, Westchester County, the city of Port Jervis, Joint Interstate Bridge Commission, NYSDEC and NYSBA|
|Length:||78.09 mi (125.67 km)|
|Existed:||1927 – present|
|West end:||US 6 / US 209 at the Pennsylvania state line in Port Jervis|
| I-84 in Middletown
NY 17 in Goshen
I-87 / NY 17 in Harriman
Palisades Pkwy. in Bear Mountain State Park
US 9W / US 202 in Fort Montgomery
US 9 / US 202 in Peekskill
I-84 / I-684 / NY 22 in Brewster
|East end:||US 6 / US 202 at the Connecticut state line in Southeast|
|Counties:||Orange, Rockland, Westchester, Putnam|
U.S. Route 6 (US 6) is a part of the U.S. Highway System that runs from Bishop, California, to Provincetown, Massachusetts. In New York, US 6 extends 78.09 miles (125.67 km) from the Pennsylvania state line at Port Jervis to the Connecticut state line east of Brewster. Near both ends, it runs in close proximity to Interstate 84 (I-84), which otherwise takes a more northerly route through Downstate New York. US 6, meanwhile, skirts the northern fringe of the New York Metropolitan Area.
Except for a section concurrent with the expressway portion of New York State Route 17 (NY 17, the future I-86) and another brief, similar stretch in Peekskill, the portion of US 6 in New York is a two-lane road. Two stretches are shared with US 202. It goes through three of New York's traffic circles, more than any other highway in the state, and is part of the only concurrency of three U.S. routes in the state.
US 6 is not as important a transportation artery in New York as it in some other states. The route does, however, pass through some of the region's more memorable scenery, particularly the Hudson Highlands in the form of Harriman and Bear Mountain state parks. It crosses the Hudson River at the historic Bear Mountain Bridge. Other highlights include the Shawangunk Ridge in the west and New York City's reservoirs in the east.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2010)|
The Hudson River roughly bisects New York's section of US 6, although more of it is on the river's western side. Despite its many curves and turns, the road stays in a generally east–west direction.
West of Hudson
US 6 crosses the Delaware River into New York concurrent with US 209, Matamoras via the Mid-Delaware Bridge, becoming Port Jervis almost seamlessly, becoming Pike Street. Two blocks from the bridge, the highways cross under the wide grassy strip that once carried the Erie Railroad's Main Line and pass the city's Metro-North station, the most remote from New York on the extensive commuter rail network. A few blocks further north, at the Park Avenue traffic light, NY 42 and NY 97 begin to the left while US 6 and US 209 turn right, now West Main Street.
Two blocks later, the highways having not even come a mile from the state line, US 209 splits to the left at Kingston Avenue. US 6 continues to follow West Main past Port Jervis Middle School and Bon Secours Hospital, veering south to cross under the railroad tracks and then over the Neversink River. At a three-way junction with short County Route 15 (CR 15), US 6 reaches the Port Jervis city limit. Signs point to New Jersey Route 23, which begins a few hundred feet to the south, just past the I-84 overpass.
From here traffic on US 6 grows lighter as it parallels I-84 for the next 17 miles (27 km). Trucks going through this stretch are limited to 10 tons (9.1 tonnes). It slowly traverses up the Shawangunk Ridge alongside the Interstate Highway and then down again. Just before exit 3, it crosses under I-84 again. After putting at least a mile between the two, US 6 starts to run a long straight course, as Grand Army of the Republic Highway, through the wetlands of Greenville, then through gently rolling hills taking it to South Centreville, where Minisink Valley High School and the district's other schools are concentrated. At the hamlet of Slate Hill, NY 284, another route down to New Jersey, comes in from the south.
US 6 continues through very rural countryside through here. Shortly before Middletown, it crosses over I-84 and turns left onto NY 17M, crossing over the Interstate Highway yet again. This is US 6's last crossing of I-84 west of the Hudson River.
The overlap between US 6 and NY 17M continues for another 5 miles (9 km), crossing the Wallkill River, through slightly more developed countryside to Goshen, where the two routes join the NY 17 freeway (future I-86) at exit 123. NY 17M leaves the freeway several exits to the east, but US 6 stays with it for 13 miles (21 km), connecting to NY 17A, NY 207, NY 94 and NY 208 in the villages of Goshen, Chester, and Monroe respectively. It breaks from the freeway outside of Harriman by way of a long overpass that leaves just before the Quickway ends at the junction with the north–south portion of NY 17, NY 32 and the New York State Thruway, an area often jammed with traffic from nearby Woodbury Common Premium Outlets on busy weekends. Another portion of traffic is bound for the United States Military Academy at West Point, per the signs on the Thruway directing drivers to use eastbound US 6 for that purpose.
Long Mountain Parkway
With the Thruway behind, US 6 climbs the side of a mountain, just as it does after Port Jervis. A small pullout area reveals beautiful views of the mall and the area around the exit. At the top lies Harriman State Park, where US 6 becomes Long Mountain Parkway, a 7-mile (11 km) stretch with no development. NY 293 leaves to the north to West Point's upper gates and the road widens briefly to include a middle turn lane. After dropping past a lake and then rising again, the Long Path long-distance hiking trail crosses the road on its way to the feature that gives this section of the highway its name. Driveways to the south lead to private camps that have housed various area hiking clubs since the 1920s.
A long descent leads to Long Mountain Circle, where Seven Lakes Drive crosses and US 6 joins Palisades Interstate Parkway, descending slowly through a very scenic three miles (5 km) through Bear Mountain State Park between Bear Mountain to the south and Popolopen Torne to the north into another roundabout, the busy Bear Mountain Circle, where the parkway ends and US 6 intersects US 9W and US 202. The latter joins US 6 to cross the Hudson River via the Bear Mountain Bridge. The rocky slopes of Anthony's Nose loom ahead. A $1.50 toll is charged in this direction. The white blazes of the Appalachian Trail (AT) are also visible on the lampposts; this quarter-mile (200 m) stretch also passes through the northernmost part of Rockland County.
East of Hudson
At the east end of the bridge, the AT turns north along NY 9D, which begins here. Routes 6 and 202 turn right and begin a four-mile (6.4-km) descent via Bear Mountain Bridge Road along the edge of the mountain to Peekskill. Pulloffs along this winding stretch allow drivers to take in sweeping views of that city, Haverstraw Bay and Dunderberg Mountain across the river at the southern end of the Hudson Highlands. The road finally reaches US 6's third traffic circle just north of the city limit. Here US 9 joins the two highways for an 0.7-mile (1.2 km) concurrency, the only combination of three U.S. highways in the state. At a traffic light south of the circle, Bear Mountain Parkway goes off to the east while the concurrency becomes the upper end of the Croton Expressway.
US 6 and US 202 separate from US 9 at the first interchange and pick up NY 35, which begins here. The three routes follow Main Street for 0.8 mile (1.4 km) to Division Street, where US 202 and NY 35 turn south while US 6 continues east out of the city.
Northeast of Peekskill, US 6 works its way north, through the hamlet of Mohegan Lake and Shrub Oak, where it meets the Taconic State Parkway by way of an interchange. It continues east, just south of the county line, into Jefferson Valley and past Oceola Lake, where NY 6N, the lone spur of US 6 in New York, begins a northerly loop. At Baldwin Place, it veers north again and enters Putnam County.
The combined influence of the New York City water supply system's Croton Watershed, which includes most of the bodies of water along this stretch of US 6, and affluent residents who build on very large lots, keeps this area lightly developed. Leaving Mahopac, US 6 curves past the south end of West Branch Reservoir and controlled Lake Gleneida to its next highway junction, the east end of NY 52 at Reed Memorial Library just south of the county seat, Carmel. The highway immediately turns toward the south again, curving around Middle Branch Reservoir at Tilly Foster to the west terminus of NY 312. At this junction, signs for the Southeast station on the Harlem Line of the Metro-North Railroad are a reminder that this is still commuter country. Also appearing are the first signs for I-84, whose interchange with NY 312 is a short distance away, since Middletown.
A long bend through countryside increasingly anticipating New England brings US 6 over the Metro-North tracks and to a right turn along them takes US 6 into Brewster. At that village's Metro-North station, the highway again turns left, bringing it to an intersection just outside the village where it is reunited with US 202, here concurrent with NY 22. After crossing under the interstate, the road encounters a half-cloverleaf. NY 22 turns left and leaves for Pawling and points north. I-684 is a short distance to the south, accessed by way of NY 981B, a short reference route occupying the I-684 right-of-way between I-84 and NY 22. US 6 and US 202 remain parallel with I-84, following the southern shore of one of the lakes of East Branch Reservoir. After one last highway terminus, NY 121's northern end, both cross into Danbury, Connecticut, right next to the Interstate Highway's Mill Plain Road exit.
Origins and designation
The portion of US 6 in New York east of Fort Montgomery was originally designated as part of NY 37 in the mid-1920s. NY 37 began at NY 17 (now NY 17M) in Monroe and followed what is now CR 105 and NY 32 east to Central Valley. From there, it continued to Fort Montgomery via Estrada Road and modern NY 293, NY 218, and US 9W. When the U.S. Highway System was created on November 11, 1926, there was a gap in US 6 between the New York–Pennsylvania border at Port Jervis and the Connecticut state line east of Brewster. The gap remained in the first official route log published by AASHO in 1927; however, US 6 now entered New York at Port Jervis and followed what is now US 209 northeast to Kingston, where the west half of US 6 ended at US 9W. The eastern half of US 6 still began at the Connecticut state line east of Brewster.
In 1928, AASHO modified the definition of US 6, placing the route along a new alignment further south in the state in order to eliminate the gap in the designation. It now followed a previously unnumbered highway from Port Jervis to Slate Hill and overlapped with the pre-existing NY 8 from Slate Hill to Middletown and NY 17 (modern NY 17M) between Middletown and Monroe. From Monroe to Brewster, US 6 replaced NY 37. The former routing of US 6 between Port Jervis and Kingston became US 6N. US 6 was realigned again c. 1934 to bypass the West Point Military Academy to the south. Its former alignment through the grounds became NY 293.
US 6 originally followed a more northerly alignment between Shrub Oak and Mahopac that took the route through Mahopac Falls. In the mid-1930s, US 6 was realigned to follow a new highway to the south that went directly between the two locations. The route's former alignment via Mahopac Falls was redesignated as NY 6N c. 1938. In the early 1950s, construction began on the portion of the Quickway east of Goshen. The Goshen–Chester and Chester–Harriman segments of the Quickway were completed in October 1954 and August 1955, respectively. The two segments of highway became part of a realigned US 6 and NY 17 upon opening. The original surface alignment of US 6 became part of NY 17M. Plans to construct a highway directly linking Harriman to the south end of NY 293 in Harriman State Park were proposed as early as 1954; however, construction on the road did not begin until the mid-1960s. The highway opened to traffic by 1968 as part of a rerouted US 6.
In the town of Yorktown, US 6 was originally routed along East Main Street in the areas around the hamlets of Shrub Oak and Jefferson Valley. At some point between 1968 and 1973, the portion of US 6 between the Taconic State Parkway and Curry Street was moved onto a new two-lane roadway bypassing Jefferson Valley to the south. The segment between Strawberry Road and the parkway was moved onto a new highway bypassing Shrub Oak to the north sometime in the late 1970s or early 1980s. The old alignment of US 6 west of NY 6N is now a town-maintained road designated as CR 1309 by Westchester County for planning purposes. The segment east of NY 6N became an extension of that route and was realigned slightly to meet US 6 at a 90-degree angle. Around 1993, which was also when the interchange with the Taconic State Parkway was reconstructed, the expressway was widened to a four-lane divided highway from just west of the intersection with NY 132 to just west of the intersection with NY 6N. Around 2000, the remainder of the expressway, except for a short section between the East Main Street split and Strawberry Road, was expanded into a four-lane divided highway.
NY 6N is a 5.14-mile (8.27 km) alternate route of US 6 through the towns of Yorktown, Westchester County, and Carmel, Putnam County. NY 6N leaves US 6 in the hamlet of Jefferson Valley and rejoins it in the hamlet of Mahopac. The route follows a more northerly routing than US 6 between the two locations to serve Mahopac Falls. It was assigned c. 1938.
US 6/202 Alternate
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2011)|
U.S. Route 6/202 Alternate is a 10.5-mile (16.9 km) alternate route of US 6 and US 202 in southern Putnam County and northern Westchester County. It begins where US 6 and US 202 meet NY 9D at the eastern foot of the Bear Mountain Bridge, and follows NY 9D north to NY 403 in Garrison. From there, it heads south on NY 403 and US 9 to rejoin US 6 and US 202 at the traffic circle north of Peekskill. The route serves as a bypass of the segment of US 6 and US 202 known as Bear Mountain Bridge Road, a sharply winding route along the Hudson River. This bypass is an important route for commercial vehicles which cannot traverse Bear Mountain Bridge Road, though they are permitted to do so.
|Orange||Delaware River||0.00||0.00||US 6 west / US 209 west||Pennsylvania state line on the Mid-Delaware Bridge|
|Port Jervis||0.61||0.98||NY 42 / NY 97||Southern terminus of NY 42 and NY 97|
|0.86||1.38||US 209 north||Eastern terminus of US 6 / US 209 overlap|
|2.32||3.73||To Route 23 via CR 15|
|Deerpark||I-84||Exit 1 (I-84)|
|Wawayanda||14.25||22.93||NY 284||Northern terminus of NY 284|
|17.76||28.58||NY 17M west||Western terminus of US 6 / NY 17M overlap|
|18.14||29.19||I-84||Exit 3 (I-84)|
|Village of Goshen||22.92||36.89||NY 17 west||Exit 123 (NY 17); western terminus of US 6 / NY 17 overlap|
|West end of freeway segment|
|23.31||37.51||124||NY 17A / NY 207 – Florida, Goshen||Western terminus of NY 17A and NY 207|
|23.89||38.45||125||NY 17M east / South Street||Eastern terminus of US 6 / NY 17M overlap|
|Village of Chester||27.38||44.06||126||NY 94 – Chester, Florida|
|29.21||47.01||127||Greycourt Road – Sugar Loaf, Warwick||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Blooming Grove||128||CR 51 – Oxford Depot||Westbound exit only|
|129||Museum Village Road||No westbound entrance|
|Town of Monroe||32.71||52.64||130||NY 208 – Monroe, Washingtonville|
|Woodbury||35.67||57.41||NY 17 east to I-87 / Thruway||Exit 130A (NY 17); eastern terminus of US 6 / NY 17 overlap|
|36.26||58.35||NY 17 to NY 32||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|East end of freeway segment|
|39.31||63.26||NY 293||Southern terminus of NY 293|
|Highlands||43.37||69.80||Palisades Pkwy. south||Long Mountain Circle; western terminus of US 6 / Palisades Parkway overlap|
|45.77||73.66||US 9W / US 202 west / Palisades Pkwy.||Bear Mountain Circle; eastern terminus of US 6 / Palisades Parkway overlap; western terminus of US 6 / US 202 overlap; northern terminus of Palisades Parkway|
|Hudson River||46.58||74.96||Bear Mountain Bridge|
|Westchester||Cortlandt||46.82||75.35||NY 9D||Southern terminus of NY 9D|
|49.99||80.45||US 9 north||Annsville Circle; northern terminus of US 6 / US 9 overlap|
|Peekskill||Bear Mountain Pkwy.||Western terminus of Bear Mountain Parkway|
|50.72||81.63||US 9 south / NY 35||Western terminus of NY 35; southern terminus of US 6 / US 9 overlap; western terminus of US 6 / NY 35 overlap|
|51.57||82.99||US 202 east / NY 35 east||Eastern terminus of US 6 / US 202 and US 6 / NY 35 overlaps|
|Cortlandt||53.25||85.70||Bear Mountain Pkwy.||Interchange|
|Yorktown||57.49||92.52||NY 132||Northern terminus of NY 132|
|59.54||95.82||NY 6N||Western terminus of NY 6N|
|63.66||102.45||NY 6N||Hamlet of Mahopac; eastern terminus of NY 6N|
|68.95||110.96||NY 52||Eastern terminus of NY 52|
|Southeast||71.18||114.55||NY 312||Western terminus of NY 312|
|Brewster||73.93||118.98||US 202 west / NY 22 south||Western terminus of US 6 / US 202 and US 6 / NY 22 overlaps|
|Southeast||74.84||120.44||I-684 / NY 22 north||Exit 10 (I-684); eastern terminus of US 6 / NY 22 overlap|
|75.79||121.97||NY 121||Northern terminus of NY 121|
|78.09||125.67||US 6 east / US 202 north||Connecticut state line|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Weingroff, Richard F. (July 27, 2009). "U.S. 6 – The Grand Army of the Republic Highway". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
- "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 93–95. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
- New York State Department of Transportation (January 2012). Official Description of Highway Touring Routes, Bicycling Touring Routes, Scenic Byways, & Commemorative/Memorial Designations in New York State (PDF). Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9.
- State of New York Department of Public Works (1926). Official Map Showing State Highways and other important roads (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- United States Department of Agriculture (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways (Map).
- Standard Oil Company of New York (1927). Road Map of New York in Soconyland (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- Standard Oil Company of New York (1929). New York in Soconyland (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- Texas Oil Company (1933). Texaco Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Texas Oil Company (1934). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Shell Oil Company (1936). Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company.
- Shell Oil Company (1937). Shell Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company.
- Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association.
- Sunoco (1952). New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Ingraham, Joseph C. (October 19, 1958). "Paving The Way To The Catskills". The New York Times. p. X30.
- Esso (1954). New York with Special Maps of Putnam–Rockland–Westchester Counties and Finger Lakes Region (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1955–56 ed.).
- Esso (1956). New York with Special Maps of Putnam–Rockland–Westchester Counties and Finger Lakes Region (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1957 ed.).
- Sinclair Oil Corporation (1964). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Esso (1968). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1969–70 ed.).
- Shell Oil Company (1973). New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company (1973 ed.).
- Exxon (1979). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- United States Geological Survey (1981). Mohegan Lake Quadrangle – New York (Map). 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/usgspreview/index.cfm?code=o41073c7. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Westchester County Department of Public Works (September 2009) (PDF). County and State Roads and Parks (Map). http://www.westchestergov.com/planningdocs/pdfmaps/countystateroadsparks.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to U.S. Route 6 in New York.|
|U.S. Route 6|
|New York||Next state: