U.S. Route 730

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U.S. Route 730 marker

U.S. Route 730
US 730 is highlighted in red.
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 30
Maintained by ODOT and WSDOT
Length: 41.78 mi[a] (67.24 km)
Existed: November 11, 1926[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I-84 / US 30 near Boardman, OR
  I-82 / US 395 in Umatilla, OR
East end: US 12 near Wallula, WA
Location
Counties: OR: Morrow, Umatilla
WA: Walla Walla
Highway system
OR 569 OR OR 3
SR 706 WA SR 821

U.S. Route 730 (US 730) is an east–west United States Highway, of which all but 6.08 miles of its 41.78 miles (9.78 of 67.24 km) are within the state of Oregon. The highway starts in rural Morrow County in Eastern Oregon at an interchange with Interstate 84 (I-84) and US 30, located east of the city of Boardman. US 730 travels east along the Columbia River as a continuation of Columbia River Highway No. 2 into Umatilla County, intersecting I-82 and US 395 in the city of Umatilla. US 730 and US 395 form a short concurrency within the city before the highways part, with US 730 continuing northeast into Washington. The highway travels through rural Walla Walla County and ends at an intersection with US 12 south of Wallula.

US 730 was created with the original United States Highways on November 11, 1926, traveling on the existing Columbia River Highway, established in 1917, from US 30 in Umatilla to US 410 south of Wallula. The Washington section of US 730 was added to the state highway system in 1923 as a branch of State Road 3, later becoming a branch of Primary State Highway 3 (PSH 3) in 1937. The highway was concurrent with US 395 from 1937 until 1985, traveling from Cold Springs Junction to US 410. US 30 was moved to a new route bypassing Umatilla and Irrigon in 1946, allowing for US 730 to be extended southwest to Boardman, later to an interchange with I-84.

Route description[edit]

US 730 runs 41.78 miles (67.24 km) in Oregon and Washington and is listed as part of the National Highway System, a system of roads crucial to the nation's economy, defense and mobility,[4] from its western terminus at I-84 east of Boardman to the end of its concurrency with US 395 in Umatilla.[5][6] As a state highway in both states, the roadway is maintained by the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) and Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT).[2][3] US 730 has the highest designation of any United States Numbered Highway, or U.S. route, and is the shortest highway in the system.[7] The highway is defined by the Washington State Legislature as SR 730, part of the Revised Code of Washington as §47.17.821.[8]

Oregon[edit]

Looking east on US 730 as it travels along Lake Wallula in Oregon, approaching the state border with Washington

US 730 begins at a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-84 and US 30 at Boardman Junction, located east of the city of Boardman in Morrow County. The highway, a continuation of Columbia River Highway No. 2,[9] travels northeast across a Union Pacific rail line and passes the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge on the Columbia River before reaching the city of Irrigon.[6][10] From Irrigon, US 730 continues northeast along the Columbia River into Umatilla County and becomes 6th Street in the city of Umatilla. The highway intersects I-82 and US 395 in a diamond interchange and forms a short concurrency with US 395. US 730 continues east through the unincorporated community of McNary and the northern terminus of Oregon Route 207 (OR 207) in rural Umatilla County. The highway turns northeastward along Lake Wallula and intersects OR 37 at Cold Springs Junction, providing connections north to the Warehouse Beach Recreation Area and Hat Rock State Park on the Columbia River and south to the city of Pendleton. US 730 heads into Washington, traveling between a Union Pacific rail line and the canyon walls of the Columbia River Gorge.[11][12] An ODOT survey measuring traffic volume for any average day of the year, expressed in terms of annual average daily traffic (AADT), was conducted in 2011 on US 730 and calculated that the busiest section of the highway in Oregon was at its interchange with I-82, serving 11,800 vehicles, while the least busy section of the highway was at the Washington state line, serving 2,500 vehicles.[13]

Washington[edit]

US 730 continues north from Oregon along Lake Wallula and around Clover Hill, reaching Wallula Junction in Walla Walla County. The highway intersects its spur route and turns east towards its eastern terminus at US 12 south of the community of Wallula.[14] Every year, WSDOT conducts a series of surveys on its highways in the state to measure traffic volume, expressed in terms of AADT. In 2012, WSDOT calculated that the Washington section of US 730 served between 1,500 and 2,400 vehicles per day.[15]

History[edit]

The highway that became US 730 within Oregon has been designated by the Oregon State Highway Commission as the easternmost segment of Columbia River Highway No. 2 since November 27, 1917, created as part of the initial named state highway system.[16] The segment of US 730 within Washington was added to the state highway system in 1923 as a branch of State Road 3 and kept its designation as a branch of PSH 3 during the creation of the primary and secondary highway system in 1937.[17][18] The United States Highway System was adopted on November 11, 1926, by the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) and included US 730, traveling northeast along the Columbia River from US 30 in Umatilla to US 410 south of Wallula.[1][19] US 395 was extended south from Spokane, Washington, to San Diego, California, in 1937, becoming concurrent with US 730 between Cold Springs Junction and its eastern terminus at US 410 south of Wallula.[20][21] US 30 was moved to a new section of the Old Oregon Trail Highway No. 6, bypassing the cities of Irrigon and Umatilla, on November 25, 1946.[16][22]

US 730 was subsequently extended west in 1962 to an intersection with US 30 at Boardman Junction,[23][24] and was moved further south to an interchange with I-80N in 1967.[25] During the westward extension of US 12 from Idaho into Washington, ODOT suggested to the AASHO a route that included the entirety of US 730 in 1962,[23] while WSDOT suggested routing US 12 over US 410 and Washington State Route 12 (SR 12) to Vancouver, Washington.[26] The AASHO approved the extension of US 12 into Washington on June 20, 1967, routing it along US 410 and SR 14 to its present terminus in Aberdeen.[26][27] US 395 was re-aligned to a concurrency with I-82 in 1985, crossing the Columbia River on the Umatilla Bridge and having a shorter concurrency with US 730.[8][28] The old route of US 395 from Cold Springs Junction to Pendleton, part of Pendleton-Cold Springs Highway No. 36, became Oregon Route 37.[16][29]

Spur route[edit]


U.S. Route 730 Spur
Location: Wallula, Washington
Length: 0.30 mi[3] (0.48 km)

US 730 has a 0.30-mile-long (0.48 km) spur route in rural Walla Walla County that connects it to US 12 westbound towards Wallula, while US 730 is directed towards eastbound US 12 towards the city of Walla Walla.[3][30] WSDOT included the road in its annual AADT survey in 2012 and calculated that 1,300 vehicles used the spur route.[15]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[b] km Destinations Notes
Morrow   0.00–
0.63
0.00–
1.01
I-84 / US 30 – Boardman, Pendleton, Portland Interchange, western terminus
Umatilla Umatilla 16.50–
16.59
26.55–
26.70
I-82 / US 395 north to I-84 – Kennewick, Spokane, Pendleton, Portland Interchange, west end of US 395 overlap
17.29 27.83 US 395 south to I-84 east – Hermiston, Pendleton, McNary Dam East end of US 395 overlap
  23.76 38.24 OR 207 south – Hermiston, Heppner Northern terminus of OR 207
Cold Springs Junction 25.88 41.65 OR 37 south – Holdman, Pendleton, Warehouse Beach Recreation Area Northern terminus of OR 37
  35.70
0.00
57.45
0.00
Oregon–Washington state line
Walla Walla   5.82 9.37
US 730 Spur west to US 12 – Pasco
Southern terminus of US 730 Spur
  6.08 9.78 US 12 – Pasco, Walla Walla Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Total mileage is a summation of the state mileages.[2][3]
  2. ^ Milepost numbers reset at the Oregon–Washington state line crossing.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weingroff, Richard F. (January 9, 2009). "From Names to Numbers: The Origins of the U.S. Numbered Highway System". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Straightline Charts: Columbia River Highway No. 2" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. March 2010. pp. 7–9. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Staff (2012). "State Highway Log: Planning Report 2012, SR 2 to SR 971" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. pp. 1743–1744. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  4. ^ Natzke, Stefan; Neathery, Mike & Adderly, Kevin (August 26, 2010). "What is the National Highway System?". National Highway System. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
  5. ^ Federal Highway Administration (October 1, 2012). National Highway System: Oregon (Map). http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/national_highway_system/nhs_maps/oregon/or_oregon.pdf. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Oregon Department of Transportation (2012) (PDF). Oregon Transportation Map Showing Federal Functional Classification of Roads: Morrow County (Map). http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/TD/TDATA/gis/docs/COUNTYMAPS/Morr1.pdf. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  7. ^ "United States Numbered Highways" (PDF). American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. 1989. p. 207. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "47.17.821: State route No. 730". Revised Code of Washington. Washington State Legislature. 1985. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Cross Reference Table of Highway Route Number to State Highway Number" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. 2011. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  10. ^ Oregon Department of Transportation (July 7, 2010) (PDF). State of Oregon: Oregon Railroads (Map). http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/RAIL/docs/maps_drawings/or_railroad.pdf. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  11. ^ Oregon Department of Transportation (2012) (PDF). Oregon Transportation Map Showing Federal Functional Classification of Roads: Umatilla County (Map). http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/TD/TDATA/gis/docs/COUNTYMAPS/Umat1.pdf. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  12. ^ Google Inc. "U.S. Route 730 in Oregon". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=Bombing+Range+Rd&daddr=45.9002653,-119.4659884+to:US-730+E%2FColumbia+River+Hwy&hl=en&sll=45.897645,-119.30148&sspn=0.511312,1.352692&geocode=FaBcuwIdzqve-A%3BFelhvAId_Bfh-Cnf4FAVGrCiVDGt3_jN1QoLmw%3BFZDovQIdZJHo-A&mra=dpe&mrsp=1&sz=10&via=1&t=m&z=10. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  13. ^ Staff (2011). "Traffic Volumes on State Highways" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. p. 5. Retrieved April 20, 2013. 
  14. ^ Google Inc. "U.S. Route 730 in Washington". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=US-730+E%2FColumbia+River+Hwy&daddr=US-730+E&hl=en&ll=46.028605,-118.94192&spn=0.063764,0.169086&sll=46.056846,-118.910007&sspn=0.003983,0.010568&geocode=FaTovQIdepHo-A%3BFQzDvgIdvJzp-A&mra=me&mrsp=1,0&sz=17&t=m&z=13. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  15. ^ a b Staff (2012). "2012 Annual Traffic Report" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. p. 208. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c Singh, Ron (January 2007). "History of State Highways in Oregon" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. pp. 75–82, 103–108, 227–228. Retrieved March 22, 2013. 
  17. ^ Washington State Legislature (March 19, 1923). "Chapter 185: Primary and Secondary State Highways". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Session Laws of the State of Washington (1923 ed.). Olympia, Washington: Washington State Legislature. p. 628. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  18. ^ Washington State Legislature (March 17, 1937). "Chapter 190: Establishment of Primary State Highways". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Session Laws of the State of Washington (1937 ed.). Olympia, Washington: Washington State Legislature. pp. 934–935. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  19. ^ Bureau of Public Roads (November 11, 1926) (PDF). United States System of Highways (Map). OCLC 32889555. http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/hqdiv/p-r-div/maps/misc-maps/1926us.pdf. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  20. ^ Department of Highways (April 1, 1933) (DJVU). Highway Map: State of Washington (Map). http://www.sos.wa.gov/history/maps_detail.aspx?m=70. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  21. ^ Department of Highways (1939) (DJVU). Highways of the State of Washington (Map). http://www.sos.wa.gov/history/maps_detail.aspx?m=28. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  22. ^ Rand McNally (1946). Northwest, 1946 (Map). http://www.broermapsonline.org/members/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Northwest/randmcnally_ra_1946_016.html. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  23. ^ a b "Washington Plan Opposed". Eugene Register-Guard. January 20, 1962. p. 8A. Retrieved March 30, 2013. 
  24. ^ United States Geological Survey (1964) (JPG). Pendleton, 1964 (Map). 1:250,000. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/topo/250k/txu-pclmaps-topo-us-pendleton-1964.jpg. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  25. ^ Rand McNally (1967). Northwest, 1967 (Map). http://www.broermapsonline.org/members/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Northwest/gousha_ra_1967_028.html. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  26. ^ a b Weingroff, Richard (April 7, 2011). "U.S. 12: Michigan to Washington". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  27. ^ United States Geological Survey (1981) (JPG). Walla Walla, 1981 (Map). 1:250,000. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/topo/250k/txu-pclmaps-topo-us-walla_walla-1981.jpg. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  28. ^ Rand McNally (1989). Washington (Map). http://broermapsonline.org/online/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Northwest/Washington/randmcnally_ra_1989_050.html. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  29. ^ Rand McNally (1989). Oregon (Map). http://broermapsonline.org/online/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Northwest/Oregon/randmcnally_ra_1989_041.html. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  30. ^ Google Inc. "U.S. Route 730 Spur". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=Unknown+road&daddr=Unknown+road&hl=en&ll=46.0575,-118.91177&spn=0.001992,0.005284&sll=46.058434,-118.909745&sspn=0.000996,0.002642&geocode=FabEvgIdloXp-A%3BFZbLvgIdL5Tp-A&mra=me&mrsp=1,0&sz=19&t=m&z=18. Retrieved July 23, 2008.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing