U.S. Route 84
|Length:||1,919 mi (3,088 km)|
|Existed:||1926 – present|
|North end:||US 160 at Pagosa Springs, CO|
I‑25 / US 85 / US 285 at Santa Fe, NM
|East end:||I‑95 / SR 38 / SR 405 near Midway, GA|
U.S. Route 84 (US 84) is an east–west United States highway. It started as a short Georgia-Alabama route in the original 1926 scheme, but now extends all the way to Colorado. The highway's eastern terminus is a short distance east of Midway, Georgia, at an intersection with I-95. The road continues toward the nearby Atlantic Ocean as a county road. Its western terminus is in Pagosa Springs, Colorado, at an intersection with U.S. Route 160.
The section from Brunswick, Georgia to Roscoe, Texas has been designated by five state legislatures as part of the El Camino East/West Corridor. The designation was in recognition of its history as a migration route from the Atlantic coast to the present U.S.-Mexico border, one of the routes that Spanish settlers called El Camino Real. (In Louisiana, the route was called the Harrisonburg Road.) The designation is intended to promote the route for both tourism and NAFTA-facilitated trade with Mexico. States are asking for Federal funds to four-lane the US 84 El Camino East/West Corridor.
The western endpoint of US 84, Pagosa Springs, Colorado, was made famous by C.W. McCall in the 1975 song and album Wolf Creek Pass. US 84 actually ends approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) east of downtown Pagosa Springs at a T-intersection with U.S. 160 (Main Street).
South of Pagosa Springs, the 28 miles (45 km) of the Colorado section of US 84 pass through a portion of San Juan National Forest. The highway climbs over a drainage divide between the Rio Blanco and Navajo River to the village of Chromo before passing into New Mexico.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
US 84 enters Rio Arriba County, New Mexico 28 miles (45 km) south of its terminus at U.S. Route 160. About 6 miles (9.7 km) south of the Colorado-New Mexico state line, U.S. Route 64 comes from the west and cosigns with US 84 for the next 28 miles (45 km). Only 3 miles (4.8 km) east of this intersection, the co-signed route crosses the Continental Divide at Sargent Pass, elevation 7,718 feet (2,352 m) above sea level or more than 3,100 feet (940 m) lower than Wolf Creek Pass, the next Continental Divide highway pass to the north. Therefore, only 37 miles (60 km) of US 84 is located west of the Continental Divide. About 12 miles (19 km) east of the intersection, U.S. 64/84 enter the town of Chama, NM. At a T-intersection, New Mexico State Road 17 enters from the north and terminates at said intersection, while U.S. 64/84 enters from the south and west.
After heading south from Chama, U.S. 64/84 combines for about 14 miles (23 km) until U.S. 64 exits US 84 and heads southeast, with US 84 continuing south. About 57 miles (92 km) down the road, US 84 is joined by U.S. Route 285 south of the small community of Chili, New Mexico. About 5 miles (8.0 km) further, US 84/285 enter the town of Española, NM from the north as N. Paseo de Onate St. At the south end of the town, US 84/285 becomes the Santa Fe Hwy and an expressway, and about 9 miles (14 km) further, US 84/285 becomes a limited access freeway. 15 miles (24 km) further south, the two return to surface street status and then travel through downtown Santa Fe, NM. On the south side of Santa Fe at Interstate 25's exit 282A, US 84/285 enter eastbound Interstate 25/U.S. Route 85. All four roads then head due south to avoid the Sangre De Cristo Mountains. Just before turning north, U.S. 285 exits the freeway at exit 290 and heads due south. After winding north and south, the freeway finally begins heading solely north, and US 84 exits about 55 miles (89 km) later at exit 339 near Romeroville, NM and heads in an east/southeastern direction, while Interstate 25 and U.S. 85 continue north to Colorado. About 50 miles (80 km) down its solitary stretch of road, US 84 enters Interstate 40 (and Historic U.S. Route 66) at Interstate 40's exit 256. Interstate 40/US 84 travel through the town of Santa Rosa, NM about 23 miles (37 km) later. About 25 miles (40 km) from its entrance into cosigning with Interstate 40, US 84 exits at exit 277.
US 84 then travels south/southeast for about 53 miles (85 km) until picking up U.S. Route 60 in downtown Fort Sumner, New Mexico. US 84 then heads in an almost due easterly direction, and about 65 miles (105 km) due east finds itself in downtown Clovis, New Mexico, having passed through the towns of Taiban, New Mexico and Melrose, New Mexico. In downtown Clovis, U.S. 60/84 is joined by U.S. Route 70. About 10 miles (16 km) east, US 60/70/84 passes through the center of the town of Texico, New Mexico. Just before the road crosses the Texas-New Mexico state line and into Farwell, Texas, US 60 turns and takes a northeastern path towards Amarillo, Texas.
From Muleshoe, US 70 leaves the route, while US 84 continues on a southeasterly bearing across the level plains of the Llano Estacado. Along this stretch, US 84 runs parallel to the BNSF Railway, crosses a sandy section called the Muleshoe Dunes, and then passes Littlefield, Texas, the birthplace of country singer Waylon Jennings. US 84 continues in a southeasterly direction through cotton fields and small towns such as Anton and Shallowater, eventually entering Lubbock, the largest city in the South Plains and the birthplace of Buddy Holly. Signed as Avenue Q, US 84 passes through the heart of downtown Lubbock before making a sharp easterly turn on the southeast side of the city, where it is known as the Slaton Highway. After bypassing the town of Slaton, US 84 makes another gentle turn to the east, following a generally southeasterly heading through Post, Snyder, and Roscoe, where it merges with I-20.
From this point, US 84 follows I-20, unsigned, until Abilene where it leaves the interstate, making a hard southerly turn and forming the western side of a 3/4 loop around the city (along with US Highways 83 and 277). From the south side of Abilene, US 84 continues as a co-signed route with US 83 (signed as US 84 West/East and US 83 South/North) until the two highways split approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast of Tuscola, and, though still signed as east/west, maintains a due south/north heading. US 84 makes a gentle turn back to the southeast at Lawn, following this bearing until Santa Anna, where it merges with US 67 and takes a more due easterly turn.
US 84 merges with US 183 at Brownwood, and once again turns to the southeast, continuing as a co-signed route until Goldthwaite, where it leaves US 283 and yet again makes a sharp turn to the east. It follows this heading all the way to McGregor. From McGregor, the highway makes a turn to the northeast to Woodway; this stretch of US 84 is also signed as the George W. Bush Parkway. US 84 then crosses into Waco, passing through the heart of downtown as Waco Drive, and then northeast into the suburb of Bellmead. After briefly being co-signed with State Highway 31 through Bellmead, US 84 continues more or less due east until Teague, where it takes yet another turn to the north before turning back to the east at an intersection with I-45 in Fairfield.
US 84 merges with US 79 and makes another northerly turn southwest of Palestine, and then splits from Highway 79 just southwest of downtown before making another turn eastward and passing through town. The highway follows a gentle northeasterly path all the way to Timpson, passing through the towns of Maydelle, Rusk where it intersects with US 69, Reklaw, Mount Enterprise where it intersects US 259 and Timpson where it merges with US 59, and serves as the northern terminus of SH 87 . From Timpson to Tenaha it is briefly co-signed with US 59 to its intersection with US 96. From this point, US 84 continues its easterly path through to rest of eastern Texas, passing through Joaquin before crossing into Louisiana across the Sabine River into the town of Logansport.
Once the highway leaves Logansport, it travels through Stanley and then northeast into Mansfield, where it merges for a brief stretch with US-171. It continues east, crossing under I-49, until it reaches Grand Bayou, where it turns to the southeast, merging with LA-1. After two miles, it turns back again to the east, where it merges with US-71 in Coushatta and stays with that highway until Clarence. It then heads northeast towards Winnfield, where it merges for a short time with US-167. It turns to the northeast towards Joyce, then begins a long stretch to the southeast, passing through Tullos, where it intersects US-165, through the parish seat of Jena, and continues in that direction until it crosses into Catahoula Parish. It bears east through Jonesville until Ferriday, where it merges with both US-65 and US-425. It then heads southeast through Vidalia where it crosses the Mississippi River into Natchez.
The four-laned Natchez-Vidalia Bridge, crossing the Mississippi River, carries Highway 84 into Natchez here it merges with U.S. 61. It then travels 4 miles to the northeast where it reaches the western terminus of US-98 at Washington, where it is paired with US 98 until Bude/Meadville. The road continues east, crossing under I-55 and heads east towards Collins.
A new bypass of Collins opened in March 2009, relieving the heavily-congested original route through downtown. The new bypass provides improved access to U.S. Route 49, another of Mississippi's major four-lane highways connecting Jackson and points north through the Delta with the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Highway 84 runs concurrent with Interstate 59 for a short distance through Laurel, including a segment currently under reconstruction to remove a notorious 'S' curve. It then heads east to Waynesboro and continues to the Alabama state line.
In Alabama, US 84 is paired with unsigned State Route 12. Parts of the route have been widened in recent years to four lane status. The most significant exist from River Falls eastward to Andalusia, near Opp where a recent bypass of the downtown area now carries US-84 in a southern arc around the town, and from Enterprise eastward thru Daleville and on to the Dothan area and then the Georgia state line at the Chattahoochee River.
Plans exist of widening the US-84 corridor to four lanes elsewhere in Alabama but due to funding issues the projects are in various stages of development. One such stretch is just east of Opp where construction began on a four lane eastward towards Elba but has stalled due to funding.
US-84 has brief stretches of being co-signed with other US Highways in Alabama. US 84 shares a routing with US-31 from just southwest of Evergreen to a few miles east of the town. It briefly shares a routing with US-29 in the city of Andalusia. It also shares a routing with US-331 near the city of Opp. At Dothan US-84 shares a concurrency with US-231 and US-431 on the Ross Clark Circle which is the circular bypass of downtown Dothan.
US-84 crosses three major navigable waterways in Alabama. They are the Tombigbee River at Coffeeville, the Alabama River at Claiborne, and the Chattahoochee River at the Alabama-Georgia state line. US-84 passes very near the large military facility of Fort Rucker which is the US Army's helicopter training school. Most of US-84 in Alabama traverses the Gulf Coastal Plain which is relatively lowlying land with some sand content. The area is heavily agricultural with little heavy industry. Dothan is the largest city in Alabama traversed by US-84 and it is the business and agricultural center of Southeast Alabama. The area is commonly referred to as the Wiregrass Region.
After entering the state from Alabama, U.S. Route 84 travels east through Donalsonville to Bainbridge. The routes travel around the city to the south on a freeway bypass, cosigned with U.S. Route 27/State Route 1. The route continues east through Cairo to Thomasville, where it bypasses downtown to the north and east, cosigned with U.S. Route 319, then U.S. Route 19/State Route 3/State Route 300. The route then continues east to Quitman, where it becomes cosigned with U.S. Route 221 east, past its interchange with Interstate 75, to Valdosta. In Valdosta, U.S. Route 221 departs, and U.S. Route 84 continues east-northeast to Waycross, where it is briefly cosigned with U.S. Routes 1, 23, and 82. U.S. Route 84 continues northeast from Waycross, passing through Blackshear before arriving in Jesup. In Jesup, the route becomes cosigned with U.S. Routes 25 and 301 northeast to Ludowici. In Ludowici, U.S. Routes 25 and 301 depart to the northwest, and U.S. Route 84 continues northeast to Hinesville. In Hinesville, the route becomes cosigned with State Route 196, and takes a drastic turn to the east. A short distance later, State Route 196 departs, and the U.S. Route 84 (as well as State Route 38) continue east to their eastern terminus at exit 76 on Interstate 95 east of Midway.
In 1934, US 84 was extended to Grove Hill, Alabama, then south on US 43 to Wagarville, Alabama, west to State Line, Mississippi, north on US 45 to Waynesboro, Mississippi, and then across Mississippi and Louisiana to Farwell, Texas. State Line was bypassed in the 1960s by a direct connection between Grove Hill and Waynesboro. A few sources report that the part between Natchez, Mississippi and Wagarville was planned as US 86 a year before. The Alabama Department of Transportation library in Montgomery, Alabama, holds state-issued maps and documents from that era with the stretch from US 43 to Mississippi labeled that way. At one point, funding was not secure for building a bridge over the Alabama River, and a US 86 designation would have made the absence of a bridge less obvious.
- US Highways from US 1 to US 830 Robert V. Droz
- Endpoints of US 84
- El Camino East/West Commission website
- Alabama's Joint Resolution about the El Camino East/West Corridor
- Google Maps ©2014 , Tele Atlas
- http://www.gomdot.com/Home/MediaRoom/newsreleases/PressReleaseDetail.aspx?ID=32200995618. Retrieved 2013-01-26. Missing or empty
- Endpoints of U.S. 86
|Browse numbered routes|
|← SH 83||CO||US 85 →|
|← NM 83||NM||US 85 →|
|← SH 83||TX||US 85 →|
|← LA 83||LA||LA 85 →|
|← US 82||MS||US 90 →|
|← SR-83||AL||I-85 →|