List of United States Senators from New York

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This is a list of the United States Senators who have represented the State of New York. The date of the start of the tenure is either the first day of the legislative term (Senators who were elected regularly before the term began), or the day when they took the seat (Senators who were elected in special elections to fill vacancies, or after the term began).

Class 1[edit]

Class 1 senators belong to the electoral cycle who were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election in 1789 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. The last two senators have been women.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Schuyler.jpg Philip Schuyler Federalist July 27, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1 1 Elected in 1789

Lost re-election
2 AaronBurr.jpg Aaron Burr Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1797
2 2 Elected in 1791

Lost re-election
3
4
3 Schuyler.jpg Philip Schuyler Federalist March 4, 1797 –
January 3, 1798
5 3 Elected in 1797

Resigned due to ill health
Vacant January 3, 1798 –
February 2, 1798
4 JohnSlossHobart.jpg John Sloss Hobart Federalist February 2, 1798 –
April 16, 1798
Elected to finish Schuyler's term

Resigned to become federal judge
Vacant April 16, 1798 –
May 5, 1798
5 WilliamNorth.jpg William North Federalist May 5, 1798 –
August 17, 1798
Appointed to continue Hobart's term

Successor elected
Vacant August 17, 1798 –
December 11, 1798
6 JamesWatsonCongress.jpg James Watson Federalist December 11, 1798 –
March 19, 1800
5
(Continued)
Elected to finish Hobart's term

Resigned to become Naval Officer of the Port of New York
6
Vacant March 19, 1800 –
May 3, 1800
7 Gouverneur Morris.jpg Gouverneur Morris Federalist May 3, 1800 –
March 3, 1803
6
(Continued)
Elected to finish Watson's term

Lost re-election
7
8 TheodorusBailey.jpg Theodorus Bailey Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
January 16, 1804
8 4 Elected in 1803

Resigned
Vacant January 16, 1804 –
February 25, 1804
9 John Armstrong Jr..jpg John Armstrong, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
February 25, 1804 –
June 30, 1804
Elected to finish Bailey's term

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to France
Vacant June 30, 1804 –
November 23, 1804
10 Samuel Latham Mitchill.jpg Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-
Republican
November 23, 1804 –
March 3, 1809
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Armstrong's term

Lost re-election
9
10
11 Obadiah German Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1815
11 5 Elected in 1809
12
13
12 NathanSanford.JPG Nathan Sanford Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1821
14 6 Elected in 1815

Lost re-election
15
16
13 Martin Van Buren edit.jpg Martin Van Buren Democratic-
Republican
/Bucktails
March 4, 1821 –
December 20, 1828
17 7 Elected in 1821
Crawford
Republican
18
Jacksonian 19
20 8 Re-elected in 1827

Resigned to become N.Y. Governor
Vacant December 20, 1828 –
January 29, 1829
14 Charles E. Dudley bioguide.jpg Charles E. Dudley Democratic January 29, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
20
(Continued)
Elected to finish Van Buren's term
21
22
15 Nathaniel P. Tallmadge bioguide.jpg Nathaniel P. Tallmadge Democratic March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1839
23 9 Elected in 1833

Legislature failed to re-elect
24
25
Vacant March 4, 1839 –
January 27, 1840
26 10
Nathaniel P. Tallmadge bioguide.jpg Nathaniel P. Tallmadge Whig January 27, 1840 –
June 17, 1844
26
(Continued)
Elected late

Resigned to become Governor of Wisconsin Territory
27
28
Vacant June 17, 1844 –
December 9, 1844
16 Daniel Dickinson NY.jpg Daniel S. Dickinson Democratic December 9, 1844 –
March 3, 1851
28
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Tallmadge's term
29 11 Elected to full term in 1845

Lost re-election
30
31
Vacant March 4, 1851 –
December 1, 1851
32 12
17 Fish-Hamilton-LOC.jpg Hamilton Fish Whig December 1, 1851 –
March 3, 1857
32
(Continued)
Elected late

Retired
33
34
18 Preston King - Brady-Handy.jpg Preston King Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1863
35 13 Elected in 1857

Retired
36
37
19 EDMorgan.jpg Edwin D. Morgan Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
38 14 Elected in 1863

Lost re-nomination
39
40
20 Reuben Fenton - Brady-Handy.jpg Reuben Fenton Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
41 15 Elected in 1869

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
42
43
21 Francis Kernan - Brady-Handy.jpg Francis Kernan Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
44 16 Elected in 1875

Lost re-election
45
46
22 Thomas C. Platt - Brady-Handy.jpg Thomas C. Platt Republican March 4, 1881 –
May 16, 1881
47 17 Elected in 1881

Resigned because of a disagreement with the President over federal appointments in New York
Vacant May 16, 1881 –
October 11, 1881
23 Warner Miller bioguide.jpg Warner Miller Republican October 11, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
47
(Continued)
Elected to finish Platt's term

Lost re-election
48
49
24 Frank Hiscock bioguide.jpg Frank Hiscock Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
50 18 Elected in 1887

Lost re-election
51
52
25 Edward Murphy Jr. bioguide.jpg Edward Murphy, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
53 19 Elected in 1893

Lost re-election
54
55
26 CMDepew.jpg Chauncey Depew Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
56 20 Elected in 1899
57
58
59 21 Re-elected in 1905

Lost re-election
60
61
Vacant March 3, 1911 –
April 4, 1911
62 22
27 JamesOGorman.jpg James A. O'Gorman Democratic April 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
62
(Continued)
Elected late

Retired
63
64
28 William M Calder.jpg William M. Calder Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1923
65 23 Elected in 1916

Lost re-election
66
67
29 Copeland.jpg Royal S. Copeland Democratic March 4, 1923 –
June 17, 1938
68 24 Elected in 1922
69
70
71 25 Re-elected in 1928
72
73
74 26 Re-elected in 1934

Died
75
Vacant June 17, 1938 –
December 3, 1938
30 James Mead.jpg James M. Mead Democratic December 3, 1938 –
January 3, 1947
75
(Continued)
Elected to finish Copeland's term
76
77 27 Re-elected in 1940

Retired to run for N.Y. Governor in 1946
78
79
31 Irving Ives.jpg Irving M. Ives Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
80 28 Elected in 1946
81
82
83 29 Re-elected in 1952

Retired
84
85
32 Senator Kenneth Keating.jpg Kenneth Keating Republican January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1965
86 30 Elected in 1958

Lost re-election
87
88
33 Robert F Kennedy crop.jpg Robert F. Kennedy Democratic January 3, 1965 –
June 6, 1968
89 31 Elected in 1964

Assassinated
90
Vacant June 6, 1968 –
September 10, 1968
34 Goodell.jpg Charles Goodell Republican September 10, 1968 –
January 3, 1971
90
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Kennedy's term

Lost election to a full term
91
35 JamesLBuckley.jpg James L. Buckley Conservative January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
92 32 Elected in 1970

Lost re-election
93
94
36 DanielPatrickMoynihan.jpg Daniel Patrick Moynihan Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 2001
95 33 Elected in 1976
96
97
98 34 Re-elected in 1982
99
100
101 35 Re-elected in 1988
102
103
104 36 Re-elected in 1994

Retired
105
106
37 Hillary Rodham Clinton.jpg Hillary Rodham Clinton Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 21, 2009
107 37 Elected in 2000
108
109
110 38 Re-elected in 2006

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
111
Vacant January 21, 2009 –
January 25, 2009
38 Kirsten Gillibrand, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Kirsten Gillibrand Democratic January 25, 2009 –
Incumbent
111
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Clinton's term
112 Elected to finish Clinton's term
113 39 Re-elected in 2012
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 3[edit]

Class 3 senators belong to the electoral cycle who were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election in 1789 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Rufus King - National Portrait Gallery.JPG Rufus King Federalist July 25, 1789 –
May 23, 1796
1 1 Elected in 1789
2
3
4 2 Re-elected in 1795

Resigned; appointed Minister to Great Britain
Vacant May 23, 1796 –
December 8, 1796
4
(Continued)
2 JohnLaurance.jpg John Laurance Federalist December 8, 1796 –
August 1800
Elected in a special election to finish King's term

Resigned
5
6
Vacant August 1800 –
January 8, 1801
3 John Armstrong Jr..jpg John Armstrong, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
January 8, 1801 –
February 5, 1802
Elected in a special election to finish Laurance's term
7 3 Re-elected in 1801

Resigned
Vacant February 5, 1802 –
February 23, 1802
4 DClinton.jpg DeWitt Clinton Democratic-
Republican
February 23, 1802 –
November 4, 1803
7
(Continued)
Elected in a special election to finish Armstrong's term

Resigned; unhappy with living conditions in Washington, DC
8
Vacant November 4, 1803 –
December 8, 1803
5 John Armstrong Jr..jpg John Armstrong, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
December 8, 1803 –
February 23, 1804
Appointed

Resigned; Elected to the Class 1 seat
6 John SmithNY.jpg John Smith Democratic-
Republican
February 23, 1804 –
March 3, 1813
8
(Continued)
Elected in a special election to finish Armstrong's term
9
10 4 Re-elected in 1807
11
12
7 Rufus King.jpg Rufus King Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1819
13 5 Elected in 1813

Legislature failed to elect
14
15
Vacant March 4, 1819 –
January 25, 1820
16 6
Rufus King.jpg Rufus King Federalist January 25, 1820 –
March 3, 1825
16
(Continued)
Re-elected late

Retired due to advanced age
17
18
Vacant March 4, 1825 –
January 31, 1826
19 7 See U.S. Senate election in NY 1825-26
8 NathanSanford.JPG Nathan Sanford Democratic-
Republican
January 31, 1826 –
March 3, 1831
19
(Continued)
Elected late

Retired
20
21
9 William L. Marcy.png William L. Marcy Democratic March 4, 1831 –
January 1, 1833
22 8 Elected in 1831

Resigned; elected N.Y. Governor
Vacant January 1, 1833 –
January 14, 1833
10 SWhightJr.jpg Silas Wright, Jr. Democratic January 14, 1833 –
November 26, 1844
22
(Continued)
Elected in a special election to finish Marcy's term
23
24
25 9 Re-elected in 1837
26
27
28 10 Re-elected in 1843

Resigned; elected Governor
Vacant November 26, 1844 –
November 30, 1844
11 Henry A. Foster Democratic November 30, 1844 –
January 27, 1845
Appointed

Successor elected
12 Younger-JADix2.jpg John Adams Dix Democratic January 27, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
28
(Continued)
Elected in a special election to finish Wright's term

Lost re-election
29
30
13 WmHSeward.jpg William H. Seward Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1861
31 11 Elected in 1849
32
33
Republican 34 12 Re-elected as a Republican in 1855
35
36
14 Ira Harris.jpg Ira Harris Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
37 13 Elected in 1861

Lost re-nomination
38
39
15 RConkling.jpg Roscoe Conkling Republican March 4, 1867 –
May 16, 1881
40 14 Elected in 1867
41
42
43 15 Re-elected in 1873
44
45
46 16 Re-elected in 1879

Resigned to protest President's appointment of an opponent
47
Vacant May 16, 1881 –
October 11, 1881
16 Elbridge G. Lapham - Brady-Handy.jpg Elbridge G. Lapham Republican October 11, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
47
(Continued)
Elected in a special election to finish Conkling's term

Retired
48
17 William M. Evarts - Brady-Handy.jpg William M. Evarts Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49 17 Elected in 1885

Lost re-election
50
51
Vacant March 4, 1891 –
January 7, 1892

52

18
18 DavidBHill.jpg David B. Hill Democratic January 7, 1892 –
March 3, 1897
Elected in 1891,
but took his seat only after term as N.Y. Governor ended

Lost re-election
53
54
19 Thomas C Platt US Sen NY.jpg Thomas C. Platt Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1909
55 19 Elected in 1897
56
57
58 20 Re-elected in 1903

Retired
59
60
20 Elihu Root, bw photo portrait, 1902.jpg Elihu Root Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1915
61 21 Elected in 1909

Retired
62
63
21 JWWadsworth.jpg James W. Wadsworth, Jr. Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1927
64 22 Elected in 1914
65
66
67 23 Re-elected in 1920

Lost re-election
68
69
22 Robert F Wagner.jpg Robert F. Wagner Democratic March 4, 1927 –
June 28, 1949
70 24 Elected in 1926
71
72
73 25 Re-elected in 1932
74
75
76 26 Re-elected in 1938
77
78
79 27 Re-elected in 1944

Resigned due to ill health
80
81
Vacant June 28, 1949 –
July 7, 1949
23 JohnFosterDulles.jpeg John Foster Dulles Republican July 7, 1949 –
January 3, 1950
Appointed to continue Wagner's term

Lost special election
24 Herbert Lehman.jpg Herbert H. Lehman Democratic January 3, 1950 –
January 3, 1957
Elected in a special election to finish Wagner's term
82 28 Re-elected in 1950

Retired
83
84
Vacant January 3, 1957 –
January 9, 1957

85

29
25 Jacob Javits.jpg Jacob K. Javits Republican January 9, 1957 –
January 3, 1981
Elected in 1956, but took seat late to prevent the Governor from appointing a rival to be his successor as N.Y. Attorney General
86
87
88 30 Re-elected in 1962
89
90
91 31 Re-elected in 1968
92
93
94 32 Re-elected in 1974

Lost re-election
95
96
26 Alfonse D'Amato.jpg Al D'Amato Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1999
97 33 Elected in 1980
98
99
100 34 Re-elected in 1986
101
102
103 35 Re-elected in 1992

Lost re-election
104
105
27 Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg Chuck Schumer Democratic January 3, 1999 –
Incumbent
106 36 Elected in 1998
107
108
109 37 Re-elected in 2004
110
111
112 38 Re-elected in 2010
113
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

See also[edit]