Embassy of the United States, Tehran

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Embassy of the United States, Tehran
Native name
Persian: سفارت ایالات متحده آمریکا، تهران
Seal of an Embassy of the United States of America.png
US Embassy Tehran.JPG
Location Iran Tehran, Iran
Coordinates 35°42′29″N 51°25′27″E / 35.708056°N 51.424167°E / 35.708056; 51.424167Coordinates: 35°42′29″N 51°25′27″E / 35.708056°N 51.424167°E / 35.708056; 51.424167
Opened 1951; 63 years ago (1951)
Closed 1979; 35 years ago (1979)
Ambassador Loy W. Henderson (first)
Bruce Laingen (last)
Embassy of the United States, Tehran is located in Iran
Embassy of the United States, Tehran
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Embassy of the United States, Tehran in Iran

The Embassy of the United States of America in Tehran was the United States of America's diplomatic mission in the Imperial State of Iran. Direct bilateral diplomatic relations between the two governments were severed following the Iranian Revolution in 1979, and the subsequent seizure of the embassy in November 1979.[1][2]

History[edit]

U.S. Embassy seen from Taleghani Avenue in 2005. Banner reads at bottom, "Death to America."

The embassy was designed in 1948 by the architect Ides van der Gracht. It was a long, low two-story brick building, similar to American high schools built in the 1930s and 1940s. For this reason, the building was nicknamed "Henderson High" by the embassy staff, referring to Loy W. Henderson, who became America's ambassador to Iran just after construction was completed in 1951.[3]

The US diplomatic mission has been defunct and the building has not been used by the U.S. since the Iran hostage crisis of 1979.[1][2] Since then, the United States government has been represented in Iran by the United States Interests Section of the Embassy of Switzerland in Tehran.[4] The name currently given to the compound by many Iranians is variously translated as "espionage den," "den of espionage", and "nest of spies".[1][5]

After the fall of the embassy, Revolutionary Guard used it as a training center, and continue to maintain the complex.[6] The brick walls that form the perimeter (the embassy grounds are the size of a city block) feature a number of anti-American murals commissioned by the government of Iran.[6] The site has also housed a bookstore and a museum (both are closed to foreigners and the general Iranian public, though exceptions do exist). The Great Seal of the United States is badly damaged but still visible at the entryway.

The Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line published documents seized in the embassy (including painstakingly reconstructed shredded documents) in a series of books called "Documents from the US Espionage Den" (Persian: اسناد لانه جاسوس امریكا). These books included telegrams, correspondence, and reports from the United States Department of State and Central Intelligence Agency, some of which remain classified to this day.

Former Iranian Embassy[edit]

The Former Embassy of Iran in Washington, D.C. is also defunct as Iran does not currently have an embassy in the United States. Its interests are handled through the Interests Section of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the United States at the Pakistan Embassy in Washington D.C.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Former American Embassy in Iran Attracts Pride and Dust". New York Times. 2013-10-31. 
  2. ^ a b "http://www.cnn.com/2014/01/30/politics/iran-embassy-mistrust/". CNN. 2014-01-30. 
  3. ^ The architecture of diplomacy: building America's embassies ADST-DACOR diplomats and diplomacy series. Jane C. Loeffler. Publisher Princeton Architectural Press, 1998. ISBN 1-56898-138-4 pp.56
  4. ^ Embassy of Switzerland - Foreign Interests Section
  5. ^ Federation of American Scientists on the Espionage Den
  6. ^ a b "The Great Satan's Old Den: Visiting Tehran's U.S. Embassy". TIME. 2009-07-14. 

External links[edit]