German submarine U-752

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-752
Ordered: 9 October 1939
Builder: Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven
Laid down: 5 January 1940
Launched: 29 March 1941
Commissioned: 24 May 1941
Status: Scuttled 23 May 1943 after air rocket attack in North Atlantic
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of:

Kriegsmarine
3rd U-boat Flotilla (training)
24 May 1941 - 1 August 1941

3rd U-boat Flotilla (Front Boat, 8 patrols)
1 August 1941 - 23 May 1943
Commanders: Kptlt. Karl-Ernst Schroeter
24 May 1941 - 23 May 1943
Operations: 9 patrols
Victories: 6 commercial ships sunk for a total of (32,358 gross register tons (GRT))
1 commercial ship damaged (4,799 GRT)
2 auxiliary warships sunk (1,134 tons)

German submarine U-752 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.

Service History[edit]

She served with 3rd U-boat Flotilla from 24 May 1941 to 23 May 1943 under the command of Karl-Ernst Schroeter.[2] U-752 completed nine[3] wartime patrols and sank eight ships and damaged one.

Fate[edit]

Thirty-two days into her ninth patrol, on 23 May 1943, U-752 was attacked by Fairey Swordfish aircraft attached to the British escort carrier HMS Archer in the mid-Atlantic. A Rocket Spear, a new weapon with a solid cast iron head,[4] entered and left the pressure hull leaving large holes, thus preventing the U-boat to dive. At the arrival of enemy surface craft, the surviving crew of 17 scuttled the boat and abandoned ship.[5] This was the first success of the Rocket Spear.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-752 took part in ten wolfpacks, namely.

  • Westwall (2–12 March 1942)
  • Hai (3–21 July 1942)
  • Schlagetot (9–21 November 1942)
  • Habicht (10–19 January 1943)
  • Haudegen (19 January - 9 February 1943)
  • Amsel 3 (4–6 May 1943)
  • Rhein (7–10 May 1943)
  • Elbe 1 (10–14 May 1943)
  • Oder (17–19 May 1943)
  • Mosel (19–23 May 1943)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[6]
25 August 1941 T-898 (No 44)  Soviet Navy 553 Sunk
15 November 1941 T-889 (No 34)  Soviet Navy 581 Sunk
21 April 1942 West Imboden  United States 5,751 Sunk
23 April 1942 Reinholt  Norway 4,799 Damaged
1 May 1942 Bidevind  Norway 4,956 Sunk
23 July 1942 Garmula  United Kingdom 5,254 Sunk
27 July 1942 Leikanger  Norway 4,003 Sunk
9 August 1942 Menanau  Netherlands 6,047 Sunk
13 August 1942 Cripple Creek  United States 6,347 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-752". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-752". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Gerald Pawle, The Wheezers & Dodgers, Seaforth Publishing 2009 ISBN 978-1-84832-026-0
  5. ^ Busch, Röll 1999, p. 100-3.
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-752". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]