U9 (Berlin U-Bahn)
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (December 2012)|
Line of the Berlin U-Bahn
U9 is a line on the Berlin U-Bahn. The line was opened on 28 August 1961 as Line G.
The path of the U9 is completely under-surface. It starts in the north at Osloer Straße in Gesundbrunnen and runs through Wedding before underpassing the Berlin Ringbahn and running through Moabit, reaching Hansaplatz and Tiergarten before crossing the Berlin Stadtbahn at the Zoo and Kurfürstendamm, eventually leaving western central Berlin by heading to Friedenau and finally Steglitz at Rathaus Steglitz.
First stage of construction
After the division of Berlin in 1948, the denizens of West Berlin preferred busses and trams that bypassed East Berlin. Furthermore, the highly populated boroughs of Steglitz, Wedding and Reinickendorf were in need of a rapid transit relation to the new center of West Berlin south of the Zoo. This prompted the construction of a completely new line, then called line G, becoming the third north-south line after line C (modern U6) and line D (modern U8).
Ground-breaking was on June 23, 1955 at Tiergarten. Path construction was difficult as it was to underpass four U-Bahn lines (U1, U2, U3, U6), two S-Bahn lines (Stadtbahn, Ringbahn twice) and three waterways (Spree River, Landwehr Canal, Berlin-Spandau Canal).
Line G from Leopoldplatz to Spichernstraße was supposed to be opened on September 2, 1961. This was antedated to August 28, 1961 after the construction of the Berlin Wall proved the necessity of this new line.
Spichernstraße to Walther-Schreiber-Platz.
Walther-Schreiber-Platz to Rathaus Steglitz, building of the common section of U9 and the never-built U10. Also Leopoldplatz to Osloer Straße, further extensions into Pankow dropped in favor of tram line M13.
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