Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
|Autonomous University of Nuevo León|
|Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León|
|Motto||Alere Flammam Veritatis|
|Motto in English||Encouraging the flame of truth|
|Established||25 September 1933|
|Type||Public state university|
|Rector||Jesús Áncer Rodríguez|
|Academic staff||5,837 (2009)|
|Location||San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, Mexico
|Campus||7 across the state; mostly urban.|
|Colors||Blue and gold|
|Athletics||26 varsity teams|
|Affiliations||ANUIES, CUMEX, CONAHEC, International Association of Universities, ONEFA|
The Autonomous University of Nuevo León (Spanish: Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, UANL) is a public university with seven campuses across the Northern state of Nuevo León, Mexico. Founded as University of Nuevo León on 25 September 1933, it is the oldest and largest university in the state in terms of student population and it is currently headquartered in San Nicolás de los Garza, a suburb of Monterrey.
The immediate forerunner of this public university dates back to 1859, when the Civil Academy (Colegio Civil) started its courses. This institution had been envisioned by Governor Santiago Vidaurri but was erected by his successor, José Silvestre Aramberri, after the former was removed from office. The academy began to sponsor the Pharmacy and Medicine courses José Eleuterio González had been teaching at the local Hospital of the Rosary for several decades. The academic offerings included courses in Law and Medicine, as well as a preparatory school. Its first director was José de Jesús Dávila y Prieto.
On 29 October 1932, the delegations of the state schools of Law, Medicine and Pharmacy; the Civil Academy and the normal school, submitted a project to the Congress of Nuevo León to organize a state university for the Monterrey Metropolitan area. On 7 November 1932, the state congress ordered to proceed with the request and on 25 September 1933 the University of Nuevo León was born.
In its first year, 1,864 students were schooled by 218 professors from the faculties of Medicine, Law, Engineering, and Chemistry, the Normal School, a preparatory school, the School of Nurses and Obstetricians and the Álvaro Obregón and Pablo Livas Industrial Schools. The institution became plagued with political disputes and almost two years later, on 25 September 1935, it was closed by state decree, only to reopen almost eight years later, on 13 September 1943.
The number of faculty and personnel began to grow and this prompted the construction of its own campus in 1958, the University City (Ciudad Universitaria), an academic complex located in San Nicolás de los Garza, a suburb to the state capital. In 1967, its open-air stadium was finished. From 1968 to 1972, the University was hit once again by student protests and political disputes, and by 1971 the protests had forced the government to stop from interfering in its internal affairs and recognize a statute of autonomy that became part of its current name: Autonomous University of Nuevo León (Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León).
In the late 1990s the institution saw the necessity to rent its professional football (soccer) team, which has maintained in the Mexican professional league (Tigres de la UANL), and was later affected by a corruption scandal that involved its own rector but ended with no legal consequences for those accused.
The university has seven campuses across the state:
- University City (Ciudad Universitaria) in San Nicolás de los Garza, which houses thirteen faculty schools; a 43,150-seat, open air stadium; its two main libraries, computer labs, cafeterias and the main bookstore.
- Agricultural and Animal Sciences Campus, in Escobedo, houses a local branch of both the Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine faculty schools, a center for research and development in food sciences (CIDIA) and a center for business development.
- Health Sciences Campus, in Monterrey, housing the Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Psychology, Public Health and Nutrition faculty schools, along the University Hospital and a health clinic for its personnel.
- Marin Campus in Marin, home of the Agronomy faculty school.
- Mederos Campus, in Monterrey, housing the Economics, Communication Studies, Music, Political Sciences, Stage Arts and Visual Arts faculty schools, along the university theater, a state branch of the World Trade Centers Association and the Bilingual Education Research Center (CIDEB).
- Linares Campus in the Southern municipality of Linares, housing the Earth Sciences, Forestry, and a branch of the Accounting and Business Administration faculty schools.
- Sabinas Hidalgo Campus in Sabinas Hidalgo, home of a local branch of Law and Business Administration faculty schools.
Mission and vision
According to the University's Organic Law, it is an institution 'at the service of society, decentralized from the state, with full juridical capacity and personality, and has its end in creating, preserving, and promoting culture in benefit of society'.
Its Mission Statements says:
'The UANL has as objective to educate professionals, investigators, University teachers, and technicians, and to create and promote scientific investigation in its basic and applied forms, considering regional and national problems. Also, as the other higher education institutions in the country, it will organize, create and promote artistic creations in its diverse forms of expression, and make the community participants of culture, and contribute to the preservation of the national and universal cultural heritage'.
The Vision is if the UANL uanl is to be 'recognized as the best public school in Mexico by 2012'.
His current rector is Jesús Áncer Rodríguez, a former Director of the Faculty of Medicine and the university hospital, who serves as an interim after José Antonio González Treviño resigned to the post to serve as state secretary of education in the cabinet of Rodrigo Medina de la Cruz.
The university also has a symphony orchestra, a chamber orchestra, and a band of regional music, El Tigre.
The UANL men's teams are called the Tigres, and the women's teams the Tigrillas (Tigresses).
The American football team, named the Auténticos Tigres, is very successful in the ONEFA. The program has won three national championships (1974, 1977 and 2009), and four times has been runner-up. They play in the Estadio Gaspar Mass.
The UANL installations include the Raymundo "Chico" Rivera Stadium (a football and athletic field), the Luis Eugenio Todd Gym, a baseball park, an aquatics center, an indoor soccer pitch, and a tennis center with four courts
The soccer team Tigres de la UANL was managed for the UANL before 1996, when the team's control passed to Cemex. The Estadio Universitario is located in the principal campus of the UANL, and occasionally is host of Auténticos Tigres games, and others activities of the university.
- Jorge Treviño (1985–1991)
- Sócrates Rizzo (1991–1996)
- Fernando Elizondo Barragán (2003)
- José Natividad González Parás (2003–2009)
Federal cabinet secretaries
- The industrialist Mauricio Fernández Garza.
- Jose Fernando Garza Cazares
- Raúl González Olympic medallist
- Luis Rosendo Ramos Maldonado Olympic cyclist and Panamerican medallist
- Elsa Garcia gymnast
- Mariana Avitia Olympic archer
- Marisela Cantú Olympic gymnast
- José Luis Sánchez Olympic shooter
- Natalia Zamora Olympic shooter
- This article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of 3 April 2005.
- Harden Cooper, Ricardo (2007-01-22). Cultural. "Reanuda clases la UANL". El Porvenir (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-10-03.
- "Asume Jesús Áncer Rodríguez como Rector Interino" (in Spanish). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- "Presenta a comunidad universitaria último informe de actividades" (in Spanish). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. 2009-10-02.
- "About the UANL". Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. 2009.
- "Cronología" (in Spanish). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. 2006-07-05. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- "Antecedentes: la historia de la UANL" (in Spanish). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. 2006-07-05. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- Cedillo, Juan (2006-08-14). "Firma UANL convenio con Cemex". El Universal (in Spanish) (Mexico City). Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- "Regresa Manuel Silos a la UANL". Milenio (in Spanish) (Monterrey). Notimex. 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2009-10-05.[dead link]
- "Inauguran Campus de Ciencias Agropecuarias" (in Spanish). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. 2008-09-04. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
- "UANL logra bicampeonato". UANL. May 7, 2007..
- "Programa de Equipos Representativos". UANL. August 18, 2008.