|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (January 2014)|
|Full name||Club de Fútbol Tigres de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León|
|Nickname(s)||Los Tigres (The Tigers)
Los Felinos (The Felines)
Los Auriazules (The Gold-and-Blues)
Los Universitarios (The College Ones)
|Founded||7 March 1960|
San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, Mexico
|Apertura 14||2nd (Runner up)|
|Website||Club home page|
Club de Fútbol Tigres de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, commonly referred to as Tigres UANL, or simply Tigres, is a Liga MX football club based in San Nicolás de los Garza, a city located in the Monterrey metropolitan area, Mexico. Founded in 1960, the club has spent most of its history in Liga MX, the top tier of the Mexican football league system.
The club had their first major success in the 1975–76 season, winning the domestic cup. In the 1977–78, they won their first league title. The team has won the Liga MX and the Copa MX three times each.
Tigres is the official team of the public University of the state of Nuevo León, the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Their home is the 42,000 capacity Estadio Universitario in San Nicolás de los Garza, inside the University complex. The team's traditional kit colours are gold and blue.
It is one of the two professional football teams of Nuevo León. Tigres have a fierce rivalry with Monterrey, with whom they have contested the Clásico Regiomontano since 1974, a derby that is considered as one of the most heated rivalries in Mexican sport.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Birth, promotion to Primera División, Cup and League titles
- 1.2 Relegation, quick return to Primera División, 2001 and 2003 runner-up
- 1.3 Risk of relegation, third Ferretti era, Apertura 2011 champions, Apertura 2014 runner-up
- 1.4 International activity
- 2 Culture
- 3 Season to season
- 4 Honours
- 5 Players
- 6 Sponsorship
- 7 Recent managers
- 8 References
- 9 See also
- 10 External links
Birth, promotion to Primera División, Cup and League titles
Tigres de la UANL was founded on 7 March 1960. They previously were named the Jabatos de Nuevo León. In 1967, their venue, the Estadio Universitario was built. In the 1973–74 season, José "Ché" Gómez guided the team to the title and promotion to México Primera División, now Liga MX. They defeated the Leones Negros de la Universidad de Guadalajara for 3–2. In the 1975–76, Tigres won their first domestic cup, the Copa México (now Copa MX), against Club América by 3–2.
Under the command of Uruguayan coach Carlos Miloc and players such as Tomás Boy and Geronimo Barbadillo, for the 1977–78 season Tigres aimed to the league championship. In the quarter-finals of the liguilla (play-offs), they defeated Estudiantes Tecos by 1–0 and 3–2 (4–2). In the semi-finals Tigres defeated Cruz Azul 0–1 and 3–0 (3–1). In the finals they defeated Pumas UNAM by 2–0 and 1–1 (3–1). Tigres made their best season ever with 48 points in the 1978–79, but did not made it to the finals.
In 1980, they became the league runner-ups after losing dramatically 4–3 to Cruz Azul in the Estadio Azteca. In 1982, Tigres won their second League championship against Atlante in the Estadio Azteca. In the quarter-finals, they tied with Guadalajara 1–1 and 1–1 (2–2). In the semi-finals they defeated Club América 2–0 and 0–1 (2–1). In the finals they tied 2–1 and 0–1 (2–2) against Atlante. Tigres won by penalty shoot-out ending 3–1 (5–3 global). In the 1983–84, they lost in quarter-finals against Pumas UNAM 1–0 ; 0–3 (1–3). In the 1986–87, they lost in semi-finals against Monarcas Morelia by 3–2 ; 0–2 (3–4). In the 1989–90 season, Tigres finished the tournament as the first place of their group with 40 points and went to liguilla. They lost in quarter-finals by 3–2 and 1–3 (4–5) against Club Universidad de Guadalajara. In 1990, Tigres lost the finals of the 1989–90 Copa Mexico against Puebla In the 1992–93 season, they achieved 44 points and went to play-offs. In the quarter-finals, Tigres lost 0–2, 2–4 (2–6) against Club León.
Relegation, quick return to Primera División, 2001 and 2003 runner-up
In 1996, after several years of ups and downs, Tigres won their second domestic cup, beating Atlas by 2–1, but were relegated to Primera División A (First Division A), now Ascenso MX, because of negative results of the past. Note that Mexico uses a percentage-based relegation system, in which the team with the worst performance percentage by year (instead of the worst team in the season) is relegated. Under the command of Victor Manuel Vucetich, the team qualified to play-offs in 1996 but because of the relegation they were unable to compete. After some negotiations, the administration of the team was given for 10 years to Sinergia Deportiva, a trust-holder run by CEMEX. In 1997, after two consecutive Primera División A championships, the team returned to the Primera División.
Under the command of the Brazilian coach Ricardo Ferretti, Tigres finished the Verano 2001 season in the fourth place with 27 points and secured play-offs. In the quarter-finals Tigres lost by 3–1 and 2–2 (5–3) against Puebla. In the Invierno 2001 season, Tigres finished the tournament as leader with 36 points. In the play-offs, they beat Santos Laguna in the quarter-finals by 1–1 and 3–0 (4–1). In the semi-finals, they tied with Cruz Azul 1–1 (0–1 and 1–0), and because of the 36 points they achieved in the tournament they went to the next stage. In the finals, Tigres lost 2–0 and 1–1 (3–1) against Pachuca in the Estadio Universitario. On 2002, the talented Argentine attacking midfielder Walter Gaitán was hired, a player that later would become an icon of the team. In the Clausura 2003, Tigres finished the tournament as the fourth place with 34 points, and went to play-offs. In the quarter-finals, they defeated Toluca by 2–1 and 2–2 for an aggregate of 4–3. In the semi-finals, Tigres lost against arch-rival Monterrey. In the first game they lost by 4–1. In the second game, Tigres won by 2–1 for an aggregate of 5–3. After the loss, Ferretti was fired as the team coach. On the Apertura 2003, now under the command of Argentine coach Nery Pumpido (with a team that Ferretti build), Tigres finished the tournament as leader now with 38 points. In the play-offs, they tied 1–0 and 1–2 (2–2) with Cruz Azul in the quarter-finals. In the semi-finals, they faced Toluca, who was now under the command of Ricardo Ferretti, and defeated them by 0–1 and 2–0 (2–1). In the finals, Tigres lost 1–3 and 1–0 (3–2) once more against Pachuca in the Estadio Universitario. In the Clausura 2004, Argentine striker Nestor Silvera finished the tournament as one of the top goal scorers, but Tigres ended in 12th place and missed the play-offs. That same tournament they scored the biggest result in a Clásico Regiomontano, beating arch-rival Monterrey by 6–2.
In October 2004, Sinergia Deportiva purchased the rights to a franchise in the MISL called the "Monterrey Tigres". However, due to conflicts with the previous MISL franchise the "Monterrey Fury", the team elected not to complete the purchase of the team, and the MISL terminated the indoor franchise in December, 2004. In the Clausura 2005, Tigres went to play-offs and tied with Monarcas Morelia 2–2 and 2–2 (4–4) in the quarter-finals, and Morelia went to the next stage because of the points they achieved in the regular season.
In the Apertura 2005, Walter Gaitán ended up as the top scorer of the tournament and Tigres went to play-offs by ending in the 8th place. In the quarter-finals, under the command of the iconic Osvaldo Batocletti, Tigres played the historical "Aztecazo", that became a way to describe a difficult victory over Club América or the Mexico national football team in their venue, the Estadio Azteca. In the first game Tigres lost in the Estadio Universitario by 1–3. Against all odds, they defeated América in the second game by 4–1, for an aggregate of 5–4, leaving América out of the play-offs. In the semi-finals Tigres tied with arch-rival Monterrey by 1–0 and 1–2 (2–2). Monterrey went to the next level because of the points in the tournament.
On 3 August 2006, CEMEX, the company who controls Tigres, celebrated its first 100 years with a match between Tigres and FC Barcelona in Monterrey. The game ended with the locals losing by 3–0. Sindey Balderas of Tigres scored an own goal, Ronaldinho scored with a free kick and later passed to Eiður Guðjohnsen for a third goal.
Tigres finished the Clausura 2007 season as eighth with 23 points, securing play-offs. Tigres lost in quarter-finals against Guadalajara by 3–1 and 3–2 (6–3). On December, 2007, Tigres hired who would become the last idol of the team, the skilled Argentine attacking midfielder Lucas Lobos. On 19 July 2008, Tigres played against Atletico de Madrid as their official presentation for the Apertura 2008 tournament. Atletico de Madrid opened the score with goals from John Heitinga and Diego Forlan for a sturdy 2–0 in favor of the Spanish side. Tigres responded well to this for Blas Pérez and Manuel Viniegra tied the game 2–2. In the Apertura 2008, under the command of Manuel Lapuente Tigres finished the tournament in sixth place and went to play-offs. They tied in quarter-finals against Atlante by 1–1 and 1–1 (2–2). Atlante went to semi-finals because they finished the regular season in third place.
Risk of relegation, third Ferretti era, Apertura 2011 champions, Apertura 2014 runner-up
In 2010, Santiago Martinez presided over the team's worst season in the past few years. On 27 March 2010, after their 7th loss in the season, and with only 25% effectiveness, the fans and media heavily criticized coach Daniel Guzmán. Eventually, Martinez was fired and replaced by a former president of the team: Alejandro Rodríguez. He signed Ricardo Ferretti as the head coach for the third time. After the arrival of Ricardo Ferretti on 2010, the face of the team changed completely. Tigres was saved from relegation and became one of the most competitive teams in the league. With the adherence of Argentine winger Damián Álvarez, Brazilian attacking midfielder Danilinho and Chilean striker Hector Mancilla to captain Lucas Lobos, the offensive line of Tigres became the so-called "cuatro fantásticos" (fantastic four). On the Clausura 2011, Tigres finished the tournament as leader with 35 points and as the best defense in the history of the short tournaments, allowing only nine goals in seventeen games. Tigres faced Guadalajara in the play-offs. In the first game of the quarter-finals, Tigres lost by 3–1. In the second game, they tied to 1–1 at the Estadio Universitario. With an aggregate of 4–2, Tigres was eliminated. On the Apertura 2011, Tigres made the bomb hiring of the season by repatriating the Mexican international Carlos Salcido and finished as the best defense again, this time allowing thirteen goals in seventeen games. In the play-offs, they faced old rival Pachuca. In the first game of the quarter-finals, Tigres defeated Pachuca by 1–0. In the second game, they won by 3–0 in the Estadio Universitario, for an aggregate of 4–0. In the semi-finals, Tigres beat Queretaro by 1–0 in the second game, after a 0–0 draw in the first. In the finals, they faced Santos Laguna. In the first game, Tigres won 1–0 in Torreón with goal of Damián Álvarez. On 11 December 2011, with goals of Hector Mancilla, Danilinho and Alan Pulido, Tigres won by 3–1 in the Estadio Universitario, becoming champion for the third time after 29 years.
On the Clausura 2012, Tigres hired Brazilian striker Edno and midfielder Elias Hernandez. The team finished as the 5th place and went to play-offs. In the quarter-finals they beat Monarcas Morelia 1–0 at the Estadio Universitario with goal of Mancilla, and 4–1 in Morelia with goals of Hugo Ayala, Edno, Lucas Lobos and Elias Hernandez, for an aggregate of 5–1. In semi-finals, they faced old rival Santos Laguna. In the first game, at the Estadio Universitario they tied 1–1 with goal of Lobos. In the second game, after almost 90 minutes of domain of Tigres, and winning 2–0 with two goals of Mancilla, Santos tied dramatically 2–2 with goals of Oribe Peralta in the 87' and 90'. With the aggregate of 3–3, Santos went to the next phase due they finished the regular season of the tournament in first place. Santos played the finals against Monterrey, avoiding an historical Clásico Regiomontano for the league championship. In the Apertura 2012, Tigres dismissed Hector Mancilla and hired Spanish striker Luis García Fernández. Tigres lost offensive and defensive solidity and finished in the 12th place, missing the play-offs.
For the Clausura 2013, Tigres hired the experienced Argentine striker Emanuel Villa and Danilinho returned from his loan to Brazil, giving the team a highly offensive power. Tigres finished the regular season as the leader with 35 points and only 2 defeats in the regular season. One of their two defeats was against Monterrey. Finishing the regular season in the ninth place, Monterrey did not qualify to play-offs. Queretaro finished in eight place and was meant to be the rival of Tigres, but was relegated to Ascenso MX because of the negative results of past seasons. So Monterrey was dragged to play-offs. In the away game of the play-offs, Monterrey defeated Tigres by 1–0 in the Estadio Tecnologico in a close game that Tigres controlled most of the time. In the second game, they needed to win by 1–0, or by two goals advantage because of the away goals rule (3–1, 4–2, 5–3). Tigres came out aggressive and Danilinho scored a goal early in the game. Minutes later, with a game totally handled by Tigres, Israel Jimenez scored an own goal that tied the game 1–1, for an aggregate of 2–1. Tigres was eliminated from play-offs. For the Apertura 2013 tournament, Tigres hired midfielders Guido Pizarro and Édgar Lugo. Finishing the tournament in eight place, the team went to play-offs. In the quarter-finals, they faced Club América, leaders of the tournament and reigning champions. In the home game at the Estadio Universitario, they tied by 2–2, Guido Pizarro and Alan Pulido scored for Tigres. In the away game, at the Estadio Azteca, the teams tied by 1–1, leaving Tigres out of the play-offs. After the game, coach Ricardo Ferretti criticized the work of the referee, claiming that Club América is the only team in the world that "plays with 12 men".
Tigres hired Colombian winger Hernán Darío Burbano, defender Jorge Iván Estrada and Argentine striker Emanuel Herrera for the Clausura 2014 tournament, but finished the season at 14th place missing the play-offs. On 9 April 2014, Tigres won the Clausura 2014 Copa MX against Alebrijes de Oaxaca by 3–0 at the Estadio Universitario. Ricardo Ferretti became the first coach in Mexico to win a league and cup title with the same team. By winning the Clausura 2014 Copa MX, Tigres secured the Supercopa MX and faced Monarcas Morelia, winners of the Apertura 2013 Copa MX. Tigres lost the 2014 Supercopa MX against Morelia and failed to qualify to the following year's Copa Libertadores as "Mexico 3". For the Apertura 2014 tournament, Tigres hired the Argentine goalkeeper Nahuel Guzmán, American striker Hérculez Gómez, Argentine striker Marco Ruben, Ecuadorian winger Joffre Guerrón, promise defender Antonio Briseño and the Uruguayan midfielder Egidio Arévalo. Tigres finished the regular season as second place with 31 units securing play-offs. In quarter-finals, Tigres tied by 1–1 and 1–1 against Pachuca for an aggregate of 2–2. In semifinals, Tigres tied against Toluca 0–0 in both games. On 11 December 2014, in the first match of the finals against Club América, Tigres won 1–0 with goal of Joffre Guerrón at the Estadio Universitario. On 14 December, in the second game, Tigres lost by 3–0 at the Estadio Azteca in a controversial match where Hernán Darío Burbano, Damián Álvarez and goalkeeper Nahuel Guzmán were expelled, leaving Tigres with 8 men. Tigres lost the finals by an aggregate of 3–1. For the Clausura 2015 tournament, Tigres hired the skilled Brazilian striker Rafael Sóbis.
InterLiga, SuperLiga, Copa Libertadores and CONCACAF Champions League
In January 2005, the team won the InterLiga Championship in Houston, Texas. With this, they qualified for the prestigious Copa Libertadores de América. This was the first time the team qualified to any international tournament.
In the Copa Libertadores Tigres played their first ever game in that tournament against Alianza Lima in Peru on 15 February 2005 (away, score: 0–0) and 3 May 2005 (home, score: 0–0). Their first ever win on the tournament, on 23 February 2005, against Caracas, from Venezuela (home, score: 3–1), and on 13 April 2005 (away, score: 2–5). This last game is the biggest-scoring game the team has had in its history on the tournament. In the same group was also the Banfield. Tigres confronted them on 15 March (home, score: 2–2) and on 6 April 2005 (away, score: 0–3).
Tigres qualified (along with Banfield) into the next stage, where they met against previous year champion Colombian team Once Caldas. On 19 May 2005, both teams tied (away, score: 1–1) and then, Tigres won on the second game on 26 May 2005 (home, score: 2–1) thus qualifying to quarter-finals against São Paulo, who later went on to become champion, and who only lost a match in this tournament against this team.
On Quarter-finals, the first game on 1 June 2005 was lost (away, score: 0–4) and the next game on 15 June 2005 was won (home, score: 2–1). The aggregate score was 5–2 against, and the team was eliminated from the championship. With Tigres, Hugo Sánchez became the first person born in Monterrey to ever score in the tournament.
In January 2006, after defeating their arch-rival, Monterrey, at the Home Depot Center in California, Tigres won their second consecutive Interliga and became the first Mexican team to qualify to two consecutive Copa Libertadores de América.
This was a tougher group stage than they had last year, and was one of the toughest in the tournament. However, Tigres qualified for the next round, but only by goal-difference advantage, and after a last minute goal by Carlos Ramírez.
Because of its intensity, this group staged produced a lot of memorable games, particularly against Universidad Católica and against Corinthians at home and away. Tigres ended second in the group due to goal difference advantage, in a last minute goal against Universidad Católica, and so qualified again for play-offs.
In summary, Tigres played 8 games, and produced 3 wins, 3 ties, and two defeats.
This performance at the beginning was considerably lacking, and it produced its first penalty kicks experience in Copa Libertadores.
After finishing 3rd in the regular season of the Apertura 2011 Tournament, they returned after a 6-year absence to the 2012 Copa Libertadores, playing in the first stage. Tigres played home and away qualifying matches against Chile's Unión Española. They played the first match in Chile, on 25 January 2012 at 6:50pm local time (3:50pm CST). Unión Española took the first game by a score of 1–0, scoring at the 58th minute, after Tigres sent a reserve squad to play the match. They hosted their Chilean rival on 2 February 2012, at 8:00pm CST. They tied 2–2 and failed to qualify for the Group Stage. Coach Ricardo Ferretti was criticized by the media and fans for sending a reserve squad to play the matches.
After the championship of the Apertura 2011, Tigres qualified for the first time to the CONCACAF Champions League. They lost in quarterfinals against Seattle Sounders by 1–0, 3–1, for an aggregate of 2–3. Ferretti was criticized again for sending a reserve squad to play the second match against the Sounders like he did in the Copa Libertadores.
By finishing the regular season of the Apertura 2014 tournament as second place with 31 points, Tigres advanced to Copa Libertadores 2015 as Mexico 1 to play in Group 6 along River Plate, San José and Juan Aurich. On 18 February 2015, Tigres defeated Juan Aurich by 3–0 at the Estadio Universitario with two goals of Joffre Guerrón and one of Jesús Dueñas. On 5 March, with goal of Guerrón, Tigres tied 1–1 against River Plate at the Estadio Monumental. On 11 March, Tigres defeated San José by 1–0 with goal of Amaury Escoto at the Estadio Jesús Bermúdez. Tigres won by 4–0 against San José at the Estadio Universitario with two goals of Rafael Sóbis, and goals of Guerrón and Egidio Arévalo on March 17. On April 8, Tigres received River Plate for a high-profile match in the Estadio Universitario. River Plate needed to win or tie to remain in the fight for a ticket to the next phase. At 11' Egidio Arévalo scored the 1-0 for Tigres. The team kept the match under control and at 68' Damián Alvarez scored the 2-0. After a defensive mistake from José Rivas and Hugo Ayala, Teofilo Gutierrez scored the 1-2 at 86' for River Plate. Rodrigo Mora scored the 2-2 at the 89'. On April 15, Tigres played against Juan Aurich at the Estadio Elías Aguirre. Tigres, first place of the group and already qualified to the next phase, sent a reserve squad. The decision was heavily criticized by the Argentinian press, that stated that River Plate would not get to the second stage if Tigres losed against Juan Aurich. With a hat-trick of Enrique Esqueda, and goals of Dieter Villalpando and Jonathan Espericueta, Tigres won by 5-4, eliminating Juan Aurich.
Since the foundation of the club in 1960, its distinctive colours are light gold and dark blue. In the home jersey, light gold is always predominant than dark blue, but in the away jersey is the opposite, the dark blue is predominant. The third colour has been inconsistent, sometimes presented as black, white, red, green, copper or dark gold.
Tigres' biggest rival is Monterrey. Their derby is called Clásico Regiomontano. On every Clásico the stadium is sold out as soon as tickets go on sale. It is known for being one of the most intense and competed derbies in Mexican football, and is widely regarded as the most important Mexican derby after the Clásico Nacional. Tigres and Monterrey played their first Clásico on 13 July 1974 at the Estadio Universitario, game that ended with a 3–3 draw.
Every season Tigres play with a full Estadio Universitario due to the over 37,000 fans that count with the annual ticket to all of the home games. Since the reactivation of the domestic cup (Copa MX) in 2012, the Estadio Universitario has registered a full attendance in the cup games also. After its relegation to Ascenso MX on 1996, fans supported for a year until the team achieved the promotion to Liga MX. It was the only team in the Ascenso MX that that year registered a full attendance in all the home games. Its fan base expands to states such as Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Veracruz and Texas. Tigres claims to have Mexico's most loyal supporting crowd. Several Mexican sports media have ranked the Tigres' fans as the best in the Liga MX, citing their loyalty in the bad streaks of the team. Their fans are the best known travelling support group due to the thousands of members chanting for the team in the away games. Founded in the early 2000s, Libres y Lokos are the biggest group of ultras of the club. On 9 March 2013, over 23,000 fans of Tigres traveled to the city of San Luis Potosí to support the team in a game against San Luis FC at the Estadio Alfonso Lastras.
Season to season
- Has Played 7 2nd Division Tournaments last in 1974.
- Has Played 2 Primera A Tournaments last in 1997.
- Has Played 57 Mexican Primera División Tournaments so far.
- Liga MX: 3
- 1977–78, 1981–82, Apertura 2011
- Copa MX: 3
- 1975–76, 1995–96, Clausura 2014
- Ascenso MX: 2
- Invierno 1996, Verano 1997
- Interliga: 2
- 2005, 2006
- Mexico's Under-20 Tournament: 1
- SuperLiga: 1
- 2007, 2008
- Serie Mundial de Futbol: 1
- Copa Chiapas: 1
- Copa Cani: 1
- As of 9 January 2015
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
For recent transfers, see List of Mexican football transfers winter 2014–15.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Occasionally re-issued for Copa Libertadores so CONMEBOL rules state that shirts must be numbered 1–30 in continental club competitions organized by the body. For the 2015 edition, #7 was worn by Luis Castillo.
- Official shirt sponsors - Cemex (Cemento Monterrey), Powerade, The Home Depot, Tecate, Telcel, Banamex
- Official shirt manufacturer - Adidas
- Official Beer - Tecate
- Official Sports Drink - Powerade
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- "Barbadillo sólo quisiera ver su número 7 en Lucas Lobos" on Medio Tiempo, 19 Jan 2012
- "Barbadillo: Tigres debe consultarme si quiere reactivar el número 7", RPP Noticias, 19 Jan 2012
- "Barbadillo exige respeto" on La Primera de Perú, 20 Jan 2012
- "Lobos no quiere el ‘7’ de Barbadillo; prefiere el '16'" by Jessika Méndez, Medio Tiempo, 20 Jan 2012
- "Copa Libertadores 2015 - Planteles", CONMEBOL website, 18 Feb 2015