UBQLN2

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Ubiquilin 2
Protein UBQLN2 PDB 1j8c.png
PDB rendering based on 1j8c.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols UBQLN2 ; ALS15; CHAP1; DSK2; N4BP4; PLIC2
External IDs OMIM300264 MGI1860283 HomoloGene81830 GeneCards: UBQLN2 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE UBQLN2 215884 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 29978 54609
Ensembl ENSG00000188021 ENSMUSG00000050148
UniProt Q9UHD9 Q9QZM0
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_013444 NM_018798
RefSeq (protein) NP_038472 NP_061268
Location (UCSC) Chr X:
56.59 – 56.59 Mb
Chr X:
153.5 – 153.5 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Ubiquilin-2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the UBQLN2 gene.[1][2]

Function[edit]

This gene encodes a ubiquitin-like protein (ubiquilin) that shares high degree of similarity with related products in yeast, rat and frog. Ubiquilins contain a N-terminal ubiquitin-like domain and a C-terminal ubiquitin-associated domain. They physically associate with both proteasomes and ubiquitin ligases, and are thus thought to functionally link the ubiquitination machinery to the proteasome to effect in vivo protein degradation. This ubiquilin has also been shown to bind the ATPase domain of the Hsp70-like Stch protein.[2]

Clinical significance[edit]

In a small proportion of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS), the UBQLN2 gene is mutated, causing formation of a non-functional Ubiquilin 2 enzyme. This non-functioning enzyme leads to the accumulation of ubiquinated proteins in the lower motor neurons and upper corticospinal motor neurons, due to the fact that ubiquilin 2 normally degrades these ubiquinated proteins, but cannot if the ALS mutation is present. [3] The same accumulations occur in patients without UBQLN2 mutations, but with mutations in other genes, including TDP-43 and C9ORF72.

Interactions[edit]

UBQLN2 has been shown to interact with HERPUD1[4] and UBE3A.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaye FJ, Modi S, Ivanovska I, Koonin EV, Thress K, Kubo A, Kornbluth S, Rose MD (Mar 2000). "A family of ubiquitin-like proteins binds the ATPase domain of Hsp70-like Stch". FEBS Lett 467 (2–3): 348–55. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(00)01135-2. PMID 10675567. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: UBQLN2 ubiquilin 2". 
  3. ^ Deng HX, Chen W, Hong ST, Boycott KM, Gorrie GH, Siddique N, Yang Y, Fecto F, Shi Y, Zhai H, Jiang H, Hirano M, Rampersaud E, Jansen GH, Donkervoort S, Bigio EH, Brooks BR, Ajroud K, Sufit RL, Haines JL, Mugnaini E, Pericak-Vance MA, Siddique T (August 2011). "Mutations in UBQLN2 cause dominant X-linked juvenile and adult-onset ALS and ALS/dementia". Nature 477 (7363). doi:10.1038/nature10353. PMC 3169705. PMID 21857683. Lay summaryNew York Times. 
  4. ^ Kim TY, Kim E, Yoon SK, Yoon JB (May 2008). "Herp enhances ER-associated protein degradation by recruiting ubiquilins". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 369 (2): 741–6. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.02.086. PMID 18307982. 
  5. ^ Kleijnen MF, Shih AH, Zhou P, Kumar S, Soccio RE, Kedersha NL, Gill G, Howley PM (August 2000). "The hPLIC proteins may provide a link between the ubiquitination machinery and the proteasome". Mol. Cell 6 (2): 409–19. doi:10.1016/S1097-2765(00)00040-X. PMID 10983987. 

Further reading[edit]