UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences

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UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences
UCL Engineering logo.jpg
Dean Professor Anthony Finkelstein[1]
Admin. staff 391[2]
(Academic and research staff (as at October 2009))
Students 1,451[2]
(Undergraduate (2008/09))
1,181[2]
(Graduate (2008/09))
Location London, United Kingdom
Website UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences

The UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences is one of the 10 constituent faculties of University College London (UCL).[3] The Faculty, the UCL Faculty of Mathematical and Physical Sciences and the UCL Faculty of the Built Envirornment (The Bartlett) together form the UCL School of the Built Environment, Engineering and Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

For the period January 2000 to August 2010 UCL was ranked 16th in the world (and 2nd in Europe) for citations per paper in engineering, with an average of 8.83 citations per paper.[4]

The current Dean is Professor Anthony Finkelstein.[1]

History[edit]

A plaque on the Civil Engineering Laboratory honoring railroad pioneer Richard Trevithick

19th century[edit]

Engineering at UCL traces its beginnings to when John Millington was appointed as the first Professor of Engineering in the United Kingdom on 17 July, 1827. The laboratory in Gower Street was the first in the world to be devoted to engineering education. It today serves as the Civil Engineering Laboratory and bears a plaque which commemorates the pioneering railway engineer, Richard Trevithick who ran the first passenger steam locomotive nearby in 1808.[5]

The world's first instruction in the field of chemical engineering, a course entitled "Chemical Technology", was taught at UCL in 1882.[6] The department soon saw its first Nobel Prize winner when professor William Ramsay, who arrived at UCL in 1887, won the prize in chemistry for his discovery of noble gases.[7] The first course in chemical engineering was established by the first Ramsay memorial professor, E. C. Williams.[8][9]

By the end of the 19th century, departments of civil, mechanical, and electrical engineering had been established.[7] The civil engineering department specialised in public health which was a significant issue in Victorian London at this time. The first professor of electrical engineering was John Ambrose Fleming, who took the Chair of Electrical Technology at UCL in 1884.

20th century[edit]

While at UCL, Fleming invented the vacuum tube in 1904.[10] A former graduate of UCL, he was a contemporary of Alexander Graham Bell who also studied there. The institution thus made a great contribution to the establishment of electronics and telecommunications in the 20th century.[7][11]

In 1973 UCL Computer Science became, along with the National Defence Research Establishment of Norway, the first international link to the Arpanet, the forerunner of the internet.[12] Professor John Mullin was appointed to the Ramsay Memorial Chair and headship of the Department of Chemical Engineering from 1985 to 1990.[13] The Advanced Centre for Biochemical Engineering was opened in 1991.[14] The first Department of Biochemical Engineering was opened at UCL in 1998, with Professor Peter Dunnill as its Chairman.[15] In November 2000 agreement was made between UCL and BT Group for the opening of UCL@Adastral Park at the Adastral Park technology park in Martlesham, Suffolk.[16]

21st century[edit]

The London Centre for Nanotechnology was established as a joint venture between UCL and Imperial College London in 2003 following the award of a £13.65m higher education grant under the Science Research Infrastructure Fund. [17][18] The Jill Dando Institute, the first university department in the world devoted specifically to reducing crime, was founded in 2001.[19][20]

The Department of Management Science and Innovation was established in June 2007 under the leadership of Steven Currall.[21] The UCL School of Energy and Resources opened in Adelaide, Australia in 2009 with Tony Owen as its inaugural director.[22] In early 2009, the Photonics Systems Development Centre was established in a collaboration with University of Cambridge with funding from the Engineering and Physical Science Research Council to equip and train world leaders of photonics research and engineering. In March 2010 UCL, together with the University of Manchester, was the first recipient of funding from the Engineering and Physical Science Research Council's Collaboration Fund.[23]

In November 2011, UCL and the BBC formed a strategic partnership, focused on a four-year research and development programme in the areas of access services, advanced communications, content production, the internet and user experience design.[24][25] A dedicated site is planned to be established at Euston Square which will house around 40 BBC staff and 40 UCL researchers.[24][25]

In January 2013, UCL announced the creation of a department of science, technology and engineering policy from September 2013, to form part of the Faculty of Engineering Sciences.[26]

Departments[edit]

The Faculty currently comprises the following departments:[27][28]

  • UCL Department of Biochemical Engineering
  • UCL Department of Chemical Engineering
  • UCL Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering
  • UCL Department of Computer Science
  • UCL Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering
  • UCL Department of Management Science and Innovation
  • UCL Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • UCL Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering
  • UCL Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science
  • UCL School of Energy and Resources, Australia (SERAus)

Research[edit]

Vanity Fair caricature of William Ramsay, UCL professor who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of noble gases and placement of elements in the periodic table

UCL has secured research funding under the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council's (EPSRC) centres for doctoral training (CDTs). The aim of these centres is to "provide a supportive and exciting environment for students to carry out a challenging PhD-level research project together with taught coursework".[29] UCL has won funding for 9 of these centres, the next highest allocation was 4 centres awarded to the University of Bath. The centres awarded to UCL are worth £40 million, which will fund 390 PhD places.

Rankings[edit]

In the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities subject tables UCL is ranked joint 101st-150th in the world (and joint 21st in Europe) for Engineering, Technology and Computer Sciences.[30]

In the 2012 QS World University Rankings subject tables UCL is ranked 44th in the world (and 12th in Europe) for Engineering & Technology.[31]

In the 2012-13 Times Higher Education World University Rankings subject tables UCL is ranked 35th in the world (and 9th in Europe) for Engineering and Technology.[32]

For the period January 2000 to August 2010 UCL was ranked 16th in the world (and 2nd in Europe) for citations per paper in engineering, with an average of 8.83 citations per paper.[33]

Notable people[edit]

The most recent recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics affiliated to the Faculty of Engineering Sciences is Professor Charles Kao, for breakthrough discoveries in fibre optics (awarded in 2009).[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New appointments to UCL’s senior management team". University College London. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "UCL Review 2009". University College London. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "The Academic Units of UCL". University College London. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Top European universities in Engineering". Times Higher Education. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  5. ^ H. Billett (1990), "Engineering", The University of London and the world of learning, 1836-1986, London, UK: The Hambledon Press, ISBN 1-85285-032-9, retrieved 2010-10-14 
  6. ^ Ferrell, James K. "History of the Chemical Engineering Department at North Carolina State University" (PDF). North Carolina State University. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  7. ^ a b c Rowe, Peter N; Burgess, Anthony R (1989). "Chemical Engineering at University College London". In Peppas, Nikolaos A. One Hundred Years of Chemical Engineering. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kulwer Academic Publishers. pp. 223–225. ISBN 0-7923-0145-5. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  8. ^ D. C. Freshwater (1997), People, pipes and processes: a short history of chemical engineering and the Institution of Chemical Engineers 
  9. ^ Nikolas A. Peppas (1989), One hundred years of chemical engineering 
  10. ^ Harr, Chris (2003-06-23). "Ambrose J. Fleming biography". Pioneers of Computing. The History of Computing Project. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  11. ^ RA Buchanan (1985), "The Rise of Scientific Engineering in Britain", The British Journal for the History of Science (Cambridge University Press) 18 (2): 218–233 
  12. ^ "30 years of the international interest". BBC News. 19 November 2003. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  13. ^ "Professor John Mullin: professor of chemical engineering". The Times. 26 May 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  14. ^ "Peter Dunhill obituary". The Guardian. 28 September 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  15. ^ "Professor Peter Dunhill, biochemical engineer". The Times. 3 September 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  16. ^ "UCL banks on Suffolk park life". Times Higher Education. 24 November 2000. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  17. ^ "London's little idea". BBC News. 27 January 2003. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  18. ^ "Nanotech under the microscope". BBC News. 12 June 2003. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  19. ^ "The appliance of science to crime control". The Guardian. 10 January 2001. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  20. ^ "Director of Jill Dando Institute appointed". Times Higher Education. 5 January 2001. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  21. ^ "UCL launches centre for academic entrepreneurship". The Guardian. 20 June 2007. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  22. ^ "Energy boost". Times Higher Education. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  23. ^ "New £2m university research fund awards first grants". Finance South East. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  24. ^ a b "BBC researches digital future with UCL". Computer Weekly. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  25. ^ a b "BBC and University College London announce new strategic partnership". BBC. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  26. ^ "New UCL department aims to bridge STEM policy gap". Times Higher Education. 22 January 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  27. ^ "Academic Departments by Faculty". University College London. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  28. ^ "Departments, Institutes and Centres". UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  29. ^ New centres for doctoral training listed by university[dead link]
  30. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences-2012". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "Engineering & Technology in 2012". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  32. ^ "Top 50 Engineering and Technology universities 2012-13". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  33. ^ "Top European universities in Engineering". Times Higher Education. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  34. ^ "An event to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the first working laser and the award of the 2009 Nobel Prize to Professor Charles Kao CBE FREng FRS". The Royal Academy of Engineering. 17 June 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 

External links[edit]