University of California, San Francisco

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University of California,
San Francisco
The Seal of the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)
Motto Fiat lux (Latin)
Motto in English Let there be light
Established 1873
Type Public
Endowment $2.04 billion (2014)[1]
Chancellor Sam Hawgood[2]
Academic staff 1,686
Postgraduates 4,636 (Fall 2011)[3]
Location San Francisco, California, United States
Campus Urban, 255 acres (103 ha)[3]
Colors UCSF Teal     [4]
Mascot Bear[4]
Affiliations University of California
Website UCSF.edu
UCSF Logo.svg

The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), is a center of health sciences research, patient care, and education; located in San Francisco, California, and is widely regarded as one of the world's leading universities in health sciences.[5]

Though one of the 10 campuses of the University of California, it is the only University of California campus dedicated solely to graduate education, and in health and biomedical sciences. Some of UCSF's treatment centers include kidney transplants and liver transplantation, radiology, neurosurgery, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, gene therapy, women's health, fetal surgery, pediatrics, and internal medicine. With a work force of 22,800 people and annual economic impact of $2 billion, UCSF is San Francisco's second largest employer.

Founded in 1873, the mission of UCSF is to serve as a "public university dedicated to saving lives and improving health." The UCSF Medical Center is consistently[6] ranked among the top 10 hospitals in the United States by U.S. News & World Report,[7] who also ranked UCSF's medical school as one of the top 10 in a number of specialties, including a specialty program in AIDS medical care ranked first in the country.[8]

History[edit]

UCSF in 1908, with the streetcar that used to run on Parnassus Avenue

UCSF traces its history to Dr. Hugh H. Toland, a South Carolina surgeon who found great success and wealth after moving to San Francisco in 1852.[9] A previous school, the Cooper Medical College of the University of Pacific (founded 1858), entered a period of uncertainty in 1862 when its founder, Dr. Elias Samuel Cooper, died.[10] In 1864, Toland founded a new medical school, Toland Medical College, and the faculty of Cooper Medical College chose to suspend operations and join the new school.[10]

The University of California was founded in 1868, and by 1870 Toland Medical School began negotiating an affiliation with the new public university.[11] Meanwhile, some faculty of Toland Medical School elected to reopen the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific, which would later become Stanford University School of Medicine.[12] Negotiations between the Toland and the UC were complicated by Toland's demand that the medical school continue to bear his name, which he finally conceded.[11] In March 1873, the trustees of Toland Medical College transferred it to the Regents of the University of California, and it became "The Medical Department of the University of California."[11]

The school's first female student, Lucy Wanzer, graduated in 1876, after having to appeal to the UC Board of Regents to gain admission in 1873.[13][14]

Campus[edit]

UCSF operates four major campus sites within the city of San Francisco and one in Fresno, California, as well as numerous other minor sites scattered through San Francisco and the San Francisco Bay Area.

Parnassus[edit]

Parnassus serves as the main campus and includes numerous research labs, the 600 bed UCSF Medical Center, Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute, and UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital San Francisco. The Schools of Dentistry, Pharmacy, Medicine, Nursing, and the Biomedical Sciences graduate program are also located at Parnassus. It also houses the UCSF neurology outpatient practice that serves as a referral center of most of Northern California and Reno, Nevada.

UCSF's Beckman Vision Center is also located at the Parnassus campus. It is a center for the diagnosis, treatment and research of all areas of eye care, including vision correction surgery.

Also located on the Parnassus campus is the UCSF Fetal Treatment Center, multidisciplinary care center dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, and long-term follow-up of fetal birth defects.

Mission Bay[edit]

Mission Bay, UCSF
Mission Bay Community Center

UCSF's Mission Bay Campus, also located in San Francisco, is the largest ongoing biomedical construction project in the world.[15] The 43-acre (17 ha) Mission Bay campus, opened in 2003 with construction still ongoing, contains additional research space and facilities to foster biotechnology and life sciences companies. It will double the size of UCSF's research enterprise over the next 10 years. The biotechnology company Genentech contributed $50 million toward construction of a building as part of a settlement regarding alleged theft of UCSF technology several decades earlier.[16] Also located on the Mission Bay campus, the Arthur and Toni Rembe Rock Hall was designed by César Pelli and opened in February 2004. The building is named in honor of Arthur Rock and his wife, who made a $25 million gift to the university.[17] Byers Hall serves as the headquarters for the California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), a cooperative effort between the UC campuses at San Francisco, Berkeley, and Santa Cruz. The building is named after venture capitalist Brook Byers, co-chair of UCSF's capital campaign that concluded in 2005 and raised over $1.6 billion.[18] Additionally, the William J. Rutter Center, designed along with the adjacent 600-space parking structure by Ricardo Legorreta, opened in October 2005 and contains a fitness and recreation center, swimming pools, student services, and conference facilities. The building is named in honor of William J. Rutter, former Chairman of the university's Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics and co-founder of Chiron Corporation.[19] A housing complex for 750 students and postdoctoral fellows and an 800-space parking garage also opened in late 2005. And a fourth research building, designed by Rafael Viñoly and named the Helen Diller Family Cancer Research Building, opened in June 2009. Two additional research buildings designated for neuroscience and cardiovascular research are currently in the planning and design phase.[20] UCSF is also in the final stages of constructing a new specialty hospital focused on women, children, and cancer on the Mission Bay campus and scheduled to open February 2015.[21]

Other Centers, Institutes and Programs[edit]

The Mount Zion campus contains UCSF's NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center, its Women's Health Center, the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine and outpatient resources. The San Francisco General Hospital campus cares for the indigent population of San Francisco and contains San Francisco's only Level I trauma center.[22][23] The hospital itself is owned and operated by the city of San Francisco, but many of its doctors carry UCSF affiliation and maintain research laboratories at the hospital campus. The earliest cases of HIV/AIDS were discovered at SF General Hospital in the 1980s.[24] To this day SF General Hospital has one of the world's leading HIV/AIDS treatment and research centers.[25][26]

UCSF is also affiliated with the San Francisco VA Hospital and the J. David Gladstone Institutes, a private biomedical research entity that has recently moved to a new building adjacent to UCSF's Mission Bay campus. They are also affiliated with UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland (formerly Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland). The headquarters of the new California Institute for Regenerative Medicine are also located nearby in the Mission Bay neighborhood.

UCSF has its own fully functional police department, which carries out policing duties for its two major campuses as well as all satellite sites within the city and in South San Francisco.

Health Policy[edit]

Among the related Institutes that are part of UCSF is the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, founded in 11972 by Philip Randolph Lee (1924- ).[27][28]

UCSF cooperates with the Hastings College of Law, a separate University of California institution located in San Francisco. This including the formation of the UCSF/Hastings Consortium on Law, Science, and Health Policy.[29] The program offers an LLM and MSL Degree program for health and science professionals. The Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies is a partner in this consortium.

UCSF is home to the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, a digital library of previously secret internal tobacco industry documents. The Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL) contains more than 11 million documents created by major tobacco companies related to their advertising, manufacturing, marketing, sales, and scientific research activities.

Academics[edit]

University of California, San Francisco is unique among Unifornia of California campuses in that it performs only biomedical and patient-centered research in its Schools of Medicine, Pharmacy, Nursing, and Dentistry, and the Graduate Division, and their hundreds of associated laboratories. The university is known for innovation in medical research, public service, and patient care. UCSF's faculty includes five Nobel Prize winners, 31 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 69 members of the Institute of Medicine, and 30 members of the Academy of Arts and Sciences. UCSF confers a number of degrees, including Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Pharmacy, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Dental Surgery, and Doctor of Physical Therapy in a variety of fields.

Rankings[edit]

In 2012, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, published annually by Shanghai Jiaotong University, ranked UCSF 2nd in the world for Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy and 3rd in the world for Life and Agricultural Sciences.[30] The professional schools of the University of California, San Francisco are among the top in the nation, according to current (2013) US News and World Report graduate school and other rankings. The schools also rank at or near the top in research funding from the National Institutes of Health. In addition, the UCSF Medical Center in 2013 was ranked by US News and World Report the 7th-best hospital in the nation,[31] making it the highest-ranked medical center in northern California.

School of Medicine[edit]

UCSF's bear mascot depicted by Benny Bufano's Bear and Cub sculpture outside Kalmanovitz Library

In 2013, the school of medicine ranked 4th overall among research-based medical schools by U.S. News & World Report.[32] In rankings of medical schools for primary care, UCSF ranked 4th.[32] In addition, UCSF is nationally ranked as #1 in AIDS, #2 in Internal Medicine, Women's Health, and Drug and Alcohol Abuse, #4 in Family Medicine, #6 in Geriatrics, and #7 in Pediatrics.[32]

In 2011, the School of Medicine was the second largest recipient of National Institutes of Health research funds among all US medical schools, and the first among all public medical schools, receiving awards totaling $532.8 million.[33] This figure rose from 2010 when the School of Medicine received a total of $475.4 million in NIH funds, but was still the largest public medical school recipient.[34] Also in 2012, the school of medicine received the most funding from NIH in medicine for the first time, receiving funds totaling $448.7 million.[35]

Biological Sciences, PhD Programs[edit]

U.S. News & World Report in 2012 ranked UCSF seventh best overall.[32] In that survey, UCSF ranked second in immunology, third in neuroscience, fourth in cell biology, and microbiology, fifth in biochemistry/biophysics/structural biology, sixth in molecular biology, and eighth in genetics/genomics/bioinformatics.[32]

School of Nursing[edit]

In 2012, U.S. News & World Report ranked the UCSF graduate programs in nursing as fourth in the nation.[32] UCSF ranked in the top 10 in all seven of the rated nursing specialties, including first for adult/medical-surgical nurse, family nurse practitioner and psychiatric/mental health nurse programs, and second for its adult nurse practitioner program.[32] The community/public health nursing program ranked fourth, while the pediatric nurse practitioner and the gerontology/geriatrics practitioner specialties ranked eighth nationally.[32]

The School of Nursing in 2007 ranked first nationally in total NIH research funds with $13.8 million.[36]

School of Pharmacy[edit]

In 2012, US News and World Report ranked the UCSF School of Pharmacy number one in its "America's Best Graduate Schools" edition.[32] In 2010, the School of Pharmacy also ranked first in NIH research funding among all US pharmacy schools, receiving awards totaling $19.6 million.[36]

The UCSF School of Pharmacy was also ranked as the top program in the US, according to a 2002 survey published in The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, which weighed key criteria, including funding for research and the frequency of scientific publications by faculty, that are not considered in other rankings.

School of Dentistry[edit]

The School of Dentistry in 2007 ranked first among all dental schools in NIH research funding. It received awards totaling $18.3 million from the NIH.[36]

In 2011, the School of Dentistry ranked first again in NIH research funding, this time receiving $19.5 million.[37][38]

UCSF Medical Center[edit]

UCSF Medical Center and Sutro Tower

In 2011, US News and World Report named the UCSF Medical Center the seventh-best hospital in the nation, making it the highest-ranked medical center in Northern California. Among pediatric care centers, UCSF Children's Hospital ranked no. 16 – among the highest-rated children's medical service in California.

In the magazine's "America's Best Hospitals" survey, the UCSF Medical Center ranked best in Northern California – as well as among the best in the nation – in the following specialties: endocrinology, neurology/neurosurgery; gynecology; cancer; kidney disease; ophthalmology; respiratory disorders; rheumatology; urology; digestive disorders; ear, nose, and throat; psychiatry; heart and heart surgery; and pediatrics.[39]

UCSF Radiology and BioMedical Imaging Center[edit]

UCSF Radiology research programs were ranked second in 2009 in America. The Radiology department is spearheaded by Dr Ronald L. Arenson who is an Alexander R. Margulis Distinguished Professor and also a part of Board of directors of RSNA (Radiological Society of North America).

Distinctions[edit]

UCSF Fresno

Many major biomedical discoveries and developments have been made at the center:

  • The conversion of normal cellular genes can be converted to cancer genes (Nobel Prize in Medicine, J. Michael Bishop and Harold Varmus, 1989)
  • (together with Stanford) the techniques of recombinant DNA, the seminal step in the creation of the biotechnology industry
  • The precise recombinant DNA techniques that led to the creation of a hepatitis B vaccine
  • The first successful in-utero fetal surgery (Michael R. Harrison)
  • First to clone an insulin gene into bacteria, leading to the mass production of recombinant human insulin to treat diabetes
  • First to synthesize human growth hormone and clone into bacteria, setting the stage for genetically engineered human growth hormone
  • First to Development of prenatal tests for sickle cell anemia and thalassemia
  • Discovery of prions, a unique type of infectious agent responsible for a variety of neurodegenerative diseases (Nobel Prize in Medicine, Stanley B. Prusiner, 1997)
  • Development of catheter ablation therapy for tachycardia,
  • Discovery that missing pulmonary surfactants are rresponsible for the death of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome; first to develop a synthetic substitute for it, reducing infant death rates significantly

The center itself has been the first in major institutional developments:

  • First to establish special care units for AIDS patients
  • First to train pharmacists as drug therapy specialists
  • First university west of the Mississippi to offer a doctoral degree in nursing
  • First to develop an academic hospitalist program (and coined the term "hospitalist") (Robert M. Wachter); the field is the fastest growing specialty in modern medical history
  • First high volume HIV counseling and testing program at the UCSF Alliance Health Project
  • First US medical school to offer an elective for medical students to get academic credit for editing health-related articles on Wikipedia.[40]

Noted alumni/faculty[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Annual Endowment Report, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2014; p.4" (PDF). Chief Investment Officer of the Regents of the University of California. 
  2. ^ "List of UCSF Chancellors". 
  3. ^ a b "UC Financial Reports – Campus Facts in Brief" (PDF). University of California. Retrieved November 17, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "University of California, San Francisco Campus Life Services Information". Campuslifeservices.ucsf.edu. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities by Broad Subject Fields – 2012". Shanghairanking.com. Retrieved Jan 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ Karin Rush-Monroe (July 19, 2011). "UCSF Medical Center Named Top 10 Hospital for 11th Consecutive Year". UCSF. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Best Hospitals 2011–12: the Honor Roll – US News and World Report". Health.usnews.com. July 18, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Top Medical Schools – US News and World Report". Health.usnews.com. March 11, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ Hugh Huger Toland (1806–1880), UCSF, Accessed October 6, 2010.
  10. ^ a b A History of UCSF: San Francisco's First Medical Institutions, UCSF, Accessed October 6, 2010.
  11. ^ a b c A History of UCSF: University Affiliation, UCSF, Accessed October 10, 2010.
  12. ^ Chronology of the Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford School of Medicine, Accessed June 11, 2007.
  13. ^ Chen, Jeffrey. "140 Years Later: The First Female Graduate of UCSF". UCSF School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "A History of UCSF". The Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Ravven, Wallace (July 22, 2003). "New UCSF Mission Bay campus: country's largest biomedical university expansion". Pub.ucsf.edu. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  16. ^ Genentech Press Release. "University of California and Genentech Settle Patent Infringement Lawsuits". Genentech Inc. Retrieved 18 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "$25 Million Gift Creates Professorship for UCSF Chancellor, Furthers Construction of Mission Bay Campus". Insider.ucsf.edu. February 1, 2005. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  18. ^ "QB3's Inaugural Event Features Announcement of Major Partnerships with Industry". Pub.ucsf.edu. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  19. ^ Tansey, Bernadette (November 29, 2007). "UCSF to name building after biotech pioneer Bill Rutter". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 29, 2007. 
  20. ^ Rauber, Chris (October 12, 2007). "Invention, born of necessity". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved February 11, 2008. 
  21. ^ "UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay". Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Trauma Care". UCSF School of Medicine. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "Verified Trauma Centers". American College of Surgeons. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  24. ^ Cochrane, Michelle (2004). When AIDS Began: San Francisco and the Making of an Epidemic. New York: Routledge. p. 61. ISBN 0415924294. 
  25. ^ "US News Best Graduate Schools | Top Medical Schools | Best AIDS Programs". US News and World Report. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  26. ^ "AIDS Research Institute Fact Sheet". University of California at San Francisco. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "A History of UCSF: people". Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  28. ^ Heilig, Steve "Health Policy Gurus Gather: The UCSF Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies at 40" Huffington Post. (March 19, 2013). [1] Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  29. ^ "UCSF/Hastings Consortium". Uchastings.edu. Retrieved July 29, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities by Broad Subject Fields – 2012". Shanghairanking.com. Retrieved Jan 8, 2013. 
  31. ^ "America's Best Hospitals 2007". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i "UC San Francisco Graduate School Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  33. ^ "UCSF Tops Public Institutions in NIH Biomedical Research Funds" (Press release). UCSF. January 18, 2012. 
  34. ^ "UCSF Tops Public Institutions in NIH Funding, Ranks Third Overall" (Press release). UCSF. February 15, 2011. 
  35. ^ "UCSF Tops Medical Schools, Public Institutions In NIH Research Funds" (Press release). UCSF. July 16, 2013. 
  36. ^ a b c Ravven, Wallace (April 18, 2008). "UCSF among top universities in NIH funding". Pub.ucsf.edu. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  37. ^ NIH Awards by Location and Organization - NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT)
  38. ^ UCSF Tops Public Institutions in NIH Funding, Ranks Third Overall | ucsf.edu
  39. ^ "''US News and World Report'' rankings of best hospitals". Usnews.com. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  40. ^ Bunim, Juliana (September 26, 2013). "University of California, San Francisco Press Office". Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  41. ^ Andy Baldwin Biography at the Wayback Machine (archived March 4, 2008)
  42. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. [ "Dr. Dorothy Horstmann, 89; Made Strides in Polio Research"], The New York Times, January 21, 2001. Accessed January 21, 2001.
  43. ^ UCSF The Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Ophthalmology - History at the Wayback Machine (archived September 21, 2008)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°45′47.95″N 122°27′30.74″W / 37.7633194°N 122.4585389°W / 37.7633194; -122.4585389