Flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase

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flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase
Identifiers
EC number 2.4.1.91
CAS number 50812-18-5
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.91) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

UDP-glucose + a flavonol \rightleftharpoons UDP + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucoside

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-glucose and flavonol, whereas its two products are UDP and flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucoside.

This enzyme participates in flavonoid biosynthesis.

It is an enzyme found in grape (Vitis vinifera).[1]

Nomenclature[edit]

This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-glucose:flavonol 3-O-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common use include:

  • GTI,
  • uridine diphosphoglucose-flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase,
  • UDP-glucose:flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase, and
  • UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UFGT).

Among those, UFGT is divided into UDP-glucose: Flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UF3GT) and UDP-glucose: Flavonoid 5-O-glucosyltransferase (UF5GT), which are responsible for the glucosylation of anthocyanins to produce stable molecules.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kobayashi S, Ishimaru M, Ding CK, Yakushiji H, Goto N (February 2001). "Comparison of UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UFGT) gene sequences between white grapes (Vitis vinifera) and their sports with red skin". Plant Sci. 160 (3): 543–550. doi:10.1016/S0168-9452(00)00425-8. PMID 11166442. 
  2. ^ Zhao DQ, Han CX, Ge JT and Tao J (November 2012). "Isolation of a UDP-glucose: Flavonoid 5-O-glucosyltransferase gene and expression analysis of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes in herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.)". Electronic Journal of Biotechnology 15 (6). doi:10.2225/vol15-issue6-fulltext-7. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wiermann R (1982). "Formation of flavonol 3-O-diglycosides and flavonol 3-O-triglycosides by enzyme extracts from anthers of Tulipa cv apeldoorn - characterization and activity of 3 different O-glycosyltransferases during anther development". Z. Natursforsch. C: Biosci. 37: 587–599. 
  • Sutter A, Grisebach H (1973). "UDP-glucose: flavonol 3-0-glucosyltransferase from cell suspension cultures of parsley". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 309 (2): 289–95. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(73)90027-2. PMID 4731963.