UMIST linear system
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The ULS (UMIST Linear System) is a gas target divertor simulator located on the former UMIST campus of the University of Manchester. It enables physicists to study the recombination processes of a detached plasma in a hydrogen target chamber.
Research on detached plasma and on its recombination modes is of primary importance in order to design an appropriate divertor region in a future nuclear fusion power plant, where huge amounts of energy will be deposited by the fast-moving particles generated in the main reactor. The major goal of the ULS as for many other linear divertor simulators, is to reproduce the same temperature and density conditions of the SOL (Scrape Off Layer) of a tokamak in a linear environment and therefore to make easier the study of its properties.
In the past few years, ULS has been used with great insight to analyze the molecular activation and the electron-ion recombination modes, and to determine the conditions for their activation: diffusive processes have also been considered. However, research on these subjects is still ongoing and our understanding of the elementary processes involved in a detached plasma is still far from being satisfactory.
- Kay, Michael J. (1998) A Study of Plasma Attenuation and Recombination in the Gas Target Chamber of a Divertor Simulator. UMIST Ph.D. thesis
- Mihailjcic, et al., B. (2007). "Spatially resolved spectroscopy of detached recombining plasmas in the University of Manchester Linear System divertor simulator". Physics of Plasmas. White Rose Research Online. Retrieved 1 October 2010.