Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize

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The Yamoussoukro-based Félix Houphouët-Boigny Foundation for peace

The Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize was established in 1990 by UNESCO:

"to honour living individuals and active public or private bodies or institutions that have made a significant contribution to promoting, seeking, safeguarding or maintaining peace in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations and the Constitution of UNESCO."

The prize bears the name of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, the late former dictator of Côte d'Ivoire. It is awarded annually. The prize includes a cheque of USD 150,000, a gold medal and a peace diploma. If there are multiple recipients, the cheque is shared equally.

Recipients[edit]

Year Recipient Country Rationale
1991 Nelson Mandela.jpg Nelson Mandela South Africa "For their contribution to international peace, to encourage them to continue in their effort and as a tribute to what they have done to educate their people towards understanding and overcoming of prejudice that many would not have thought possible a few years ago"[1]
Frederik Willem de Klerk.jpg Frederik Willem de Klerk
1992 Place palace.jpg Hague Academy of International Law Netherlands "We believe the world is in a new phase of international relations. Quite different from the one through which we have just gone (...) and we are convinced that international law must be given a larger role in the settlement of international disputes and in the solution of international problems."[2]
1993 Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg Yitzhak Rabin Israel "We have concluded that this year, naturally, the most dramatic and important event has been the agreement between the Palestinians and Israel, and our Committee has therefore awarded the 1993 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and to Foreign Minister Shimon Peres on the Israeli side, and to Chairman Yasser Arafat for the Palestine Liberation Organization."[3]
Shimon Peres at 2009 WEF.jpg Shimon Peres
Yasser-arafat-1999.jpg Yasser Arafat Palestinian territories
1994 KingofSpain.jpg Juan Carlos I of Spain Spain "(...) [The King of Spain], for his role in guaranteeing the transition to democracy, for his continuing contribution to the protection of minorities in the transition to democracy, and for the international role of conciliation that Spain has played. [Carter for] his capacity as Chairman of the Carter Center and his contribution to the pursuit of peace in many different parts of the world and (...) succeeding in making such a contribution even before the government of his country had requested him to do so."[4]
Jimmy Carter.jpg Jimmy Carter United States
1995 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Switzerland "We have agreed unanimously to give a dual prize to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for the work that it is doing and secondly to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Ms. Ogata, for the distinctive quality she has added to the mission that has been assigned to her, for the excellence of her efforts and for the way she has raised international concern for the refugees."[5]
Sadako Ogata2.jpg Sadako Ogata Japan
1996 Alvaro arzu irigoyen.jpg Álvaro Enrique Arzú Irigoyen Guatemala
Rolando Morán
1997 Ramos Pentagon.jpg Fidel V. Ramos Philippines "For the agreement they have made in ending the conflict on 2nd September 1996 between the Philippines Government and the Moro National Liberation Front."[6]
Nur Misuari.jpg Nur Misuari
1998 Sheikh Hasina.jpg Sheikh Hasina Bangladesh "In awarding the 1998 Prize to Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh who, on 2 December 1997, signed a peace agreement which put an end to 25 years of civil war, and to Senator George J. Mitchell whose work enabled the main players in the Irish crisis to sign the Good Friday Agreement, the Jury has wanted to focus attention on the efforts deployed in the search for peace through dialogue and negotiation."[7]
George John Mitchell.jpg George J. Mitchell United States
1999 Sant'Egidio.jpg Community of Sant'Egidio Italy "In recognition of their efforts in achieving ecumenical understanding between all religions, their efforts of conciliation in Algeria, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and Yugoslavia, for their contribution to human understanding and for eliminating the religious, political and ethnic sources of conflict."[8]
2000 Mary Robinson-Obama31.04secs.png Mary Robinson Ireland "For the great contribution that she has made for the defence and promotion of Human Rights. The decision, of course, was unanimous."[9]
2001
Not awarded
2002 President gusmao.jpg Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão East Timor "For his contribution to the fight for human dignity and for his conduct which has elevated the human spirit not only in his region, but in the world."[10]
2003 Roger Etchegaray France "In recognition of their action in favour of inter-faith dialogue, tolerance and peace."[11]
Mustafa Ceric, Grand Mufti of Bosnia (top religious leader).jpg Mustafa Cerić Bosnia and Herzegovina
2004
Not awarded
2005 Abdoulaye Wade.jpg Abdoulaye Wade Senegal "For his contributions to democracy in Senegal, and for his role in mediating political disputes in the region."[12]
2006
Not awarded
2007 Martti Ahtisaari.jpg Martti Ahtisaari Finland "For leading the process that resulted in independence of Namibia and for [his] very great contribution to the resolution of the fatricidal conflict between the Indonesian Government and the Free Aceh Movement."[13]
2008 Lula - foto oficial05012007 edit.jpg Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Brazil "For his actions in pursuit of peace, dialogue, democracy, social justice and equal rights, as well as for his valuable contribution to the eradication of poverty and the protection of minorities' rights."[14]
2009
Not awarded
2010
Not awarded
2011 Madre de la Plaza de Mayo - 2008.jpg Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo Argentina
2013 Comida con el Presidente de la República Francesa, François Hollande, París, Francia, 17 octubre 2012 (8137216578) (2)-crop.jpg François Hollande France

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kissinger, Henry. Statement announcing the prizewinners. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  2. ^ Kissinger, Henry (1992-10-13). Statement announcing the prizewinner. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  3. ^ Kissinger, Henry (1993-09-17). Statement announcing the prizewinners. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  4. ^ Kissinger, Henry (1995-01-10). Statement announcing the prizewinners. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  5. ^ Kissinger, Henry (1996-01-18). Statement announcing the prizewinners. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  6. ^ Kissinger, Henry (1998-06-17). Statement announcing the prizewinners. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  7. ^ Kissinger, Henry (1999-04-01). Statement announcing the prizewinners. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  8. ^ Kissinger, Henry (2000-01-27). Statement announcing the prizewinner. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  9. ^ Kissinger, Henry (2001-05-29). Statement announcing the prizewinner. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  10. ^ Kissinger, Henry (2002-10-09). Statement announcing the prizewinner. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-05-31.
  11. ^ Kissinger, Henry. Statement announcing the prizewinners. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-07-07.
  12. ^ Kissinger, Henry (2005-09-13). Statement announcing the prizewinner. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-07-07.
  13. ^ Soares, Mário (2008-10-02). Statement announcing the prizewinner. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-07-07.
  14. ^ Soares, Mário (2009-05-07). Statement announcing the prizewinner. UNESCO official website. Retrieved on 2009-07-07.

External links[edit]