uPhongolo Local Municipality
Location of UPhongolo Local Municipality within KwaZulu-Natal
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Mr B Mncwango (2007)|
|• Total||3,239 km2 (1,251 sq mi)|
|• Density||39/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||98.1%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• Southern Ndebele||1.2%|
|Time zone||SAST (UTC+2)|
In 2007, the uPhongolo Municipality contained 154 rural shops, 124 schools, 27 hotels, resorts or conference facilities, 15 clinics, 12 recreational facilities, 6 community halls, 4 post offices, 2 police stations, and 2 law courts. The municipality is largely composed of traditional areas, with tribal land patterns and high density rural settlements. 82% of the population lives in rural areas.
The N2 national road corridor passes through the uPhongolo area as a national link between Gauteng and the Richards Bay complex, and on to Durban in the south. It also connects with Swaziland just to the north of the uPhongolo Municipal area. This is the primary development corridor in uPhongolo.
The two main rivers in the municipality are the Mkuze River in the south and the Phongolo (Pongola) River in the north, the latter feeding the Pongolapoort Dam, located on the eastern boundary of the municipality.
The Phongolo River rises just east of Wakkerstroom and drains an area of nearly 8000 km² where the rainfall often exceeds 1000mm a year. Because the irrigation weir at Pongola could not fully regulate the river's erratic water flow, the 89-meter-high Pongolapoort Dam wall was built in 1972 in a narrow gorge in the Lebombo Mountains. Phongolo is the Zulu word for "trough," referring to the many deep pools with steep sides along the river's course.
Agriculture and tourism form the basis for the municipality’s economy. Major development components consist of game and nature reserves, agricultural activities, traditional settlement areas and some urban nodes.
Large areas of sugarcane and citrus are cultivated in the region.
The uPhongolo Municipality provides regional access to a wide range of tourist activities outside its own boundaries. It has within its area of jurisdiction two key tourist attractions: the Ithala Game Reserve and the Pongolapoort Dam. These attractions are complemented by a large number of private game farms and game reserves, on which a number of lodges and other tourist facilities are located.
Average income levels are low, with 66% of households receiving no income or less than R2400 per month. The traditional and rural areas are the most poverty stricken. Unemployment levels are relatively high; only 13.43% of the population are formally employed. Close to half of the population are children, placing pressure on the need for educational and social facilities. Many of these children are orphaned as a result of HIV/AIDS.
The municipal council consists of twenty-seven members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fourteen councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fourteen wards, while the remaining thirteen are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 no party obtained a majority, and the African National Congress (ANC) and the National Freedom Party (NFP) formed a coalition to govern the municipality. The following table shows the results of the election.
|African National Congress||12,447||12,734||25,181||40.1||7||4||11|
|National Freedom Party||9,215||9,129||18,344||29.2||4||4||8|
|Inkatha Freedom Party||8,066||8,069||16,135||25.7||3||4||7|
|African Christian Democratic Party||132||149||281||0.4||0||0||0|
|Itala Nature Reserve||52802||251.71||149|
|Remainder of the municipality||52808||2,190.35||22,865|
- "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Integrated Development Plan 2009/2010. uPhongolo Municipality. Retrieved on Oct 10, 2009.
- "Results Summary – All Ballots: Uphongolo". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "Seat Calculation Detail: Uphongolo". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa