USA-87

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This article is about the satellite. For the boat, see USA 87 (America's Cup Class).
USA-87
Navstar-2.jpg
A Block IIA GPS satellite
Mission type Navigation
Operator US Air Force
COSPAR ID 1992-089A[1]
SATCAT № 22275[1]
Mission duration 7.5 years (planned)[2]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type GPS Block IIA[2]
Manufacturer Rockwell[2]
Launch mass 1,816 kilograms (4,004 lb)[2]
Start of mission
Launch date 18 December 1992, 22:16:00 (1992-12-18UTC22:16Z) UTC
Rocket Delta II 7925-9.5, D217[3]
Launch site Cape Canaveral LC-17B[3]
End of mission
Deactivated 23 October 2007 (2007-10-24)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Medium Earth
(Semi-synchronous)
Perigee 20,037 kilometres (12,450 mi)[4]
Apogee 20,326 kilometres (12,630 mi)[4]
Inclination 54.7 degrees[4]
Period 717.94 minutes[4]

USA-87, also known as GPS IIA-8, GPS II-17 and GPS SVN-29, was an American navigation satellite which formed part of the Global Positioning System. It was the eighth of nineteen Block IIA GPS satellites to be launched.

USA-87 was launched at 22:16:00 UTC on 18 December 1992, atop a Delta II carrier rocket, flight number D217, flying in the 7925-9.5 configuration.[3] The launch took place from Launch Complex 17B at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station,[5] and placed USA-87 into a transfer orbit. The satellite raised itself into medium Earth orbit using a Star-37XFP apogee motor.[2]

On 25 January 1993, USA-87 was in an orbit with a perigee of 20,037 kilometres (12,450 mi), an apogee of 20,326 kilometres (12,630 mi), a period of 717.94 minutes, and 54.7 degrees of inclination to the equator.[4] It had PRN 29, and operated in slot 5 of plane F of the GPS constellation.[6] The satellite had a mass of 1,816 kilograms (4,004 lb). It had a design life of 7.5 years,[2] and ceased operations on 23 October 2007.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Navstar 2A-08". US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Krebs, Gunter. "GPS-2A (Navstar-2A)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch List". Launch Vehicle Database. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Wade, Mark. "Navstar". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 10 July 2012.