Klipfontein

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For other uses, see Klipfontein (disambiguation).
Klipfontein.jpg
Career
Owner: Holland Afrika Line
Operator: Vereenigde Nederlandsche Scheepv Mij.
Builder: Smit P Jr., Rotterdam, Netherlands
Yard number: 517
Launched: March 4, 1939
Acquired: July 29, 1939
Fate: 1953 sunk - Off Ponta Zavora (East Africa) struck sunken German U-boat.
General characteristics
Class & type: Cargo / Passenger Liner
Tonnage: 10,544 GRT[1]
Length: 499 ft 3 in (152.2 m)
520 ft 0 in (158.5 m) LOA[1]
Beam: 62 ft 9 in (19.1 m)[1]
Draft: 33 ft 1 in (10.1 m)[1]
Propulsion: 2 x 5 cyl diesel 12000 pk B&W
2 screw
Capacity: 9933 tn Cargo
148 two class passengers

The Klipfontein was a Dutch ocean liner built in 1939.

World War II troop ship[edit]

Klipfontein had been one of the Dutch ships taken over by the War Shipping Administration 23 February 1942, allocated to U.S. Army with the nature of the operating agreement with the Netherlands Ministry of Shipping changed 23 May 1942 to a time charter extending until 1 February 1946.[2][3] The operating agreement was with the Army Transportation Corps with the ship known as the USAT Klipfontein.[2][4] The U.S. Army X Army Corps departed San Francisco Port of Embarkation aboard on 14 July 1944 on the way to Oro Bay, New Guinea and ultimately the Philippines.[4]

Sinking of the Klipfontein[edit]

On 8 January 1953 the ocean liner Klipfontein struck a foreign object off the coast of Mozambique in uncharted waters. She sunk in three hours time. All were saved by the ocean liner Bloemfontein Castle under the command of Captain J.H.F. Ferguson.

Around 11.18 GMT, the Klipfontein struck an object below the waterline near Zavora Point and started sinking. Captain Oosterhuis radioed for help which was received at Beira station and by the nearby Bloemfontein Castle. The ship sank at 14:22 GMT, and six lifeboats were deployed. All 234 passengers were saved and safely aboard the Bloemfontein Castle at 15:45 GMT.

Newspapers from the time state that with the navigational equipment on board it is not likely that a reef was the 'object'. The region has a couple of sunken ships from the war. According to reports, only one German U-boat was torpedoed in shallow waters but was never charted.

The cargo was 1000 tons of copper and manganese ore and 100 bales of wool.

Some headlines in various newspapers of the time:

References[edit]

  • Grover, David (1987). U.S. Army Ships and Watercraft of World War II. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-766-6. LCCN 87015514. 
  • Lloyds (1944-45). "Lloyd's Register". Lloyd's Register (through PlimsollShipData). Retrieved 30 May 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Maritime Administration. "Klipfontein". Ship History Database Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  • Office Of The Chief Of Military History (1959), Order Of Battle Of The United States Army Ground Forces In World War II—Pacific Theater Of Operations, Washington, D.C.: Department Of The Army 

External links[edit]