USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships
Current season, competition or edition:
2014 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships
Athletics pictogram.svg
Sport Track and field
Founded 1980
Country United States
Related competitions U.S. Olympic Trials
Official website USATF Official website

The USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships is an annual track and field competition organized by USA Track & Field, which serves as the American national championships for the sport. Since 1992, in years which feature a Summer Olympics or a World Championships in Athletics, the championships serve as a way of selecting the best athletes for those competitions.

History[edit]

The history of the competition starts in 1876, when the New York Athletic Club (NYAC) decided to organize a national championships.[1] Having previously held the NYAC Spring and Fall Games, the seventh edition of the Fall Games became the country's first national track and field championships. The National Association of Amateur Athletes of America (NAAAA), began sponsoring the meeting in 1879, and organised the championships up to 1887. At this point, the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), a more powerful athletic organisation, began to hold their own version of the national championships. Two national championships were held in 1888, but the NAAAA disbanded after this. The AAU was the sole organizer of the event for the next ninety years.[1]

As a result of the Amateur Sports Act of 1978, the AAU no longer had power over Olympic sports in the United States. A spin-off group, The Athletics Congress, held its first national track and field championships in 1980. The Athletics Congress was renamed USA Track & Field in 1993, and they have organized the annual championships ever since.[1]

Events[edit]

The following athletics events feature on the national championships' program:

  • Sprint: 100 m, 200 m, 400 m
  • Middle distance track events: 800 m, 1500 m
  • Long distance track events: 5000 m, 10,000 m
  • Hurdles: 100 m hurdles, 110 m hurdles, 400 m hurdles, 3000 m steeplechase
  • Jumps: long jump, triple jump, high jump, pole vault
  • Throws: shot put, discus, hammer, javelin
  • Combined events: heptathlon, decathlon
  • Walks: 20 km walk (road) / 20000 m walk (track)

In earlier editions before 1974, running distances were often measured in yards. All races were in yards until 1928. From then on, races were measured in meters for Olympic years and yards for other years, except 1933 to 1951 inclusive and 1959.

Editions[edit]

Hayward Field hosted the most recent edition of the championships.
The Cobb Track and Angell Field stadium has played host to the championships on two occasions.
Edition Venue Stadium Date
2014[2] Sacramento, California Hornet Stadium, California State University, Sacramento June 25-29, 2014
2013 Des Moines, Iowa Drake Stadium, Drake University June 19-23, 2013
2012 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon June 21-July 1, 2012
2011 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon June 23-26, 2011
2010 Des Moines, Iowa Drake Stadium, Drake University June 23-27, 2010
2009 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon June 25-28, 2009
2008 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon June 27-July 6, 2008
2007 Indianapolis, Indiana IU Michael A. Carroll Track & Soccer Stadium, IUPUI June 20-24, 2007
2006 Indianapolis, Indiana IU Michael A. Carroll Track & Soccer Stadium, IUPUI June 21-25, 2006
2005 Carson, California The Home Depot Center June 23-26, 2005
2004 Sacramento, California Alex G. Spanos Sports Complex Hornet Stadium, California State University, Sacramento July 9-18, 2004
2003 Palo Alto, California Cobb Track & Angell Field, Stanford University June 19-22, 2003
2002 Palo Alto, California Cobb Track & Angell Field, Stanford University June 21-23, 2002
2001 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon June 21-24, 2001
2000 Sacramento, California Hornet Stadium, California State University July 14-23, 2000
1999 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon June 24-27, 1999
1998 New Orleans, Louisiana Tad Gormley Stadium
1997 Indianapolis, Indiana IU Michael A. Carroll Track & Soccer Stadium, IUPUI
1996 Atlanta, Georgia Centennial Olympic Stadium
1995 Sacramento, California Hornet Stadium, California State University, Sacramento
1994 Knoxville, Tennessee
1993 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon
The Athletics Congress of the USA
1992 New Orleans, Louisiana Tad Gormley Stadium
1991 New York, New York Downing Stadium
1990 Norwalk, California Cerritos College
1989 Houston, Texas
1988 Tampa, Florida
1987 San Jose, California San Jose City College
1986 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon
1985 Indianapolis, Indiana IUPUI Track and Soccer Stadium, IUPUI
1984 San Jose, California San Jose City College
1983 Indianapolis, Indiana IUPUI Track and Soccer Stadium, IUPUI
1982 Knoxville, Tennessee
1981 Sacramento, California Charles C. Hughes Stadium Sacramento City College
1980 Walnut, California Hilmer Lodge Stadium, Mt. San Antonio College
Amateur Athletic Union
1979 Walnut, California Hilmer Lodge Stadium, Mt. San Antonio College
1978 Westwood, California Drake Stadium UCLA[3]
1977 Westwood, California Drake Stadium UCLA
1976 Westwood, California Drake Stadium UCLA

Split gender editions[edit]

Edition Men's Venue Stadium Date Women's Venue Stadium Date Events
1975 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon White Plains, New York 14 + NY Mar.
1974 Westwood, Los Angeles, California Drake Stadium UCLA Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium 15
1973 Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium Irvine, California University of California, Irvine 14
1972 Seattle, Washington Husky Stadium Canton, Ohio 13
1971 Eugene, Oregon Hayward Field, University of Oregon Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium 13
1970 Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium Westwood, Los Angeles, California Drake Stadium UCLA 13
1969 Miami, Florida Dayton, Ohio 12
1968 Sacramento, California Charles C. Hughes Stadium, Sacramento City College Aurora, Colorado 12
1967 Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium Santa Barbara, California 12
1966 New York, New York Frederick, Maryland 12
1965 San Diego, California Balboa Stadium Columbus, Ohio 12
1964 New Brunswick Hanford, California 11
1963 St. Louis, Missouri Dayton, Ohio 11
1962 Walnut, California Mt. San Antonio College, Hilmer Lodge Stadium Los Angeles, California 11
1961 New York City, New York Gary, Indiana 11
1960 Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium Corpus Christi, Texas 11
1959 Boulder, Colorado Cleveland, Ohio 12
1958 Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium Morristown, New Jersey 11
1957 Dayton, Ohio Shaker Heights, Ohio 10
1956 Bakersfield, California Memorial Stadium Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 10
1955 Boulder, Colorado Ponca City, Oklahoma 10
1954 St. Louis, Missouri Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 10
1953 Dayton, Ohio San Antonio, Texas 10
1952 Long Beach, California Veterans Memorial Stadium Waterbury, Connecticut 10
1951 Berkeley, California Waterbury, Connecticut 10
1950 College Park, Maryland Freeport[disambiguation needed] 10
1949 Fresno, California Odessa, Texas 9
1948 Milwaukee, Wisconsin Grand Rapids, Michigan 9
1947 Lincoln, Nebraska San Antonio, Texas 9
1946 San Antonio, Texas Buffalo, New York 9

Note that the track surface changed over these years. Synthetic tracks were used in the men's editions in 1963 (rubber), 1965, 1969, 1971, 1972 and from 1974 on. The tracks in the other years were cinders, sometimes with a mix of brick (1967 and 1970)

Records[edit]

Championships records[4]
Event Men Women
Athlete Record Date Championship Ref Video Athlete Record Date Championship Ref Video
100 m Tyson Gay 9.75 21 June 2013 2013 Des Moines [5] Marion Jones 10.72 20 June 1998 New Orleans, Louisiana
200 m Tyson Gay 19.62 (-0.3 m/s) 24 June 2007 Indianapolis, Indiana Allyson Felix 21.69 (+1.0 m/s) 30 June 2012 2012 Eugene [6]
400 m Michael Johnson 43.44 19 June 1996 Atlanta, Georgia Sanya Richards 49.27 24 June 2006 Indianapolis, Indiana
800 m Duane Solomon 1:43.27 23 June 2013 2013 Des Moines [7] Meredith Rainey 1:57.04 17 June 1996 Atlanta, Georgia
1500 m Alan Webb 3:34.82 24 June 2007 Indianapolis, Indiana [8] Regina Jacobs 4:01.01 16 July 2000 Sacramento, California
3000 m - - Mary Decker 8:38.36 19 June 1983 Indianapolis, Indiana
5000 m Tim Broe 13:12.76 24 June 2005 Carson, California Regina Jacobs 14:45.35 21 July 2000 Sacramento, California
10000 m Galen Rupp 27:25.33 22 June 2012 2012 Eugene [9] Shalane Flanagan 30:59.97 23 June 2011 Eugene, Oregon [10][11] [1]
100 m hurdles Brianna Rollins 12.26 (+1.2 m/s) 22 June 2013 2013 Des Moines [12]
110 m hurdles Allen Johnson 12.92 23 June 1996 Atlanta, Georgia
400 m hurdles Bryan Bronson 47.03 21 June 1998 New Orleans, Louisiana Sheena Johnson 52.95 11 July 2004 Sacramento, California
3000 m steeplechase Daniel Lincoln 8:15.12 15 July 2004 Sacramento, California Emma Coburn 9:19.72 28 June 2014 2014 Sacramento [13]
High jump Jesse Williams 2.37 m 26 June 2011 Eugene, Oregon [14] [2] Chaunte Howard 2.05 m 26 June 2010 Des Moines, Iowa [15]
Pole vault Jeff Hartwig 6.02 m 27 June 1999 Eugene, Oregon Jennifer Stuczynski 4.92 m 6 July 2008 Eugene, Oregon [16]
Long jump Carl Lewis 8.79 m 19 June 1983 Indianapolis, Indiana Brittney Reese 7.19 m (+1.8 m/s) 26 June 2011 Eugene, Oregon [17]
Triple jump Willie Banks 17.97 m 16 June 1985 Indianapolis, Indiana Tiombe Hurd 14.45 m 11 July 2004 Sacramento, California
Shot put Adam Nelson 22.22 m 22 June 2002 Palo Alto, California Michelle Carter 20.24 m 22 June 2013 2013 Des Moines [12]
Discus throw John Powell 71.26 m 9 June 1984 San Jose, California Ria Stalman  Netherlands 67.58 m 8 June 1984 San Jose, California
Hammer throw Lance Deal 82.50 m 17 June 1994 Knoxville, Tennessee Amanda Bingson 75.73 m 22 June 2013 2013 Des Moines [12]
Javelin throw Breaux Greer 91.29 m 21 June 2007 Indianapolis, Indiana [18] Kara Patterson 66.67 m 25 June 2010 Des Moines, Iowa [19]
Decathlon
Heptathlon
Ashton Eaton 9039 pts 22–23 June 2012 2012 Eugene [20] Jackie Joyner-Kersee 6979 pts 23–24 June 1987 San Jose, California
20000 m walk (track) Trevor Barron 1:23:00.10 22 June 2012 2012 Eugene [6] Teresa Vaill 1:33:28.15 2005 [21]
20 km walk (road) Curt Clausen 1:23:34 Michelle Rohl 1:32:39 2000 [21]
10 km walk (road) - - Teresa Vaill 45:01 1995 [21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The United States' National Championships In Track & Field Athletics: Introduction. Track and Field News. Retrieved on 2009-09-19.
  2. ^ "USA Track & Field - 2014 USA Outdoor Track & Field Championships in Sacramento". Usatf.org. 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  3. ^ "Los Angeles Sports Council - L.A. Facilities". Lasports.org. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  4. ^ USA Outdoor Track & Field Championships Records. USATF (2007-01-01). Retrieved 2009-09-28.
  5. ^ Kirby Lee (22 June 2013). "World-leading wins from Gay, Gardner and Day at US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Ed Gordon (1 July 2012). "Marritt hurdles world-leading 12.93, Felix blazes 21.69 in Eugene - U.S. Olympic Trials, Day 7". IAAF. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Kirby Lee (24 June 2013). "World leads from Gay and Solomon highlight final day of US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  8. ^ USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions Men's 1,500 m. USATF. Retrieved on 2009-09-28.
  9. ^ "Rupp wins trials 10K with meet-record 27:25.33, Tegenkamp and Ritzenhein also make US team". The Washington Post. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  10. ^ Kirby Lee (24 June 2011). "Carter prevails in epic women's Shot Put battle in Eugene - USA champs, Day 1". IAAF. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "10000 Metres Results". www.flashresults.com. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c Kirby Lee (23 June 2013). "National records for Rollins, Carter and Bingson at US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Result". www.branchsportstech.com. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "High Jump Results". www.flashresults.com. 26 June 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  15. ^ Parker Morse (2010-06-27). "Lowe jumps 2.05m, wins over Iowa: USATF Nationals Day 3". IAAF. Retrieved 2010-07-01. 
  16. ^ USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions Women's Pole Vault. USATF. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
  17. ^ "Long Jump Results". www.flashresults.com. 26 June 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  18. ^ USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions Men's Javelin Throw. USATF. Retrieved on 2009-09-28.
  19. ^ Parker Morse (2010-06-26). "Patterson, Felix steal the show: USATF Nationals, Day 1 & 2". IAAF. Retrieved 2010-07-01. 
  20. ^ "Decathlon Results". USATF. 23 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c "USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions Women's 20 km Race Walk". USATF. Retrieved 27 June 2011. 

External links[edit]