US Airways Flight 1016

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USAir Flight 1016
A USAir McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31, similar to the one involved
Accident summary
Date July 2, 1994
Summary wind shear, meteorological phenomenon known as a microburst
Site Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
35°13′3.87″N 80°57′33.57″W / 35.2177417°N 80.9593250°W / 35.2177417; -80.9593250Coordinates: 35°13′3.87″N 80°57′33.57″W / 35.2177417°N 80.9593250°W / 35.2177417; -80.9593250
Passengers 52
Crew 5
Injuries (non-fatal) 15
Fatalities 37
Survivors 20
Aircraft type McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31
Operator USAir
Registration N954VJ
Flight origin Columbia Metropolitan Airport
Destination Charlotte/Douglas Int'l Airport

USAir Flight 1016 was a regularly scheduled flight between Columbia, South Carolina and Charlotte, North Carolina. On Saturday, July 2, 1994, the plane, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 registered N954VJ, departed Columbia Metropolitan Airport at 18:15 EST for the 35-minute flight to Charlotte/Douglas International Airport. On board, there were 52 passengers (including two infants), three flight attendants, and two pilots. The flight was uneventful until the approach to Charlotte, where several heavy thunderstorms were in the vicinity of the airport. The flight was cleared by the tower to land on runway 18R. The plane, flown by the first officer, approached the runway in heavy rain conditions. The tower controller issued a windshear warning to all aircraft, but on a different radio frequency than that used by Flight 1016.

About a minute later, as Flight 1016 was on final approach, the captain, realizing that his aircraft was in a serious predicament, instructed the first officer to 'Take it around, go to the right'. He then radioed the control tower and stated 'USAir ten sixteen's on the go'. The plane struggled to climb due to the severe weather conditions, immediately veered to the right and began to rapidly descend. The flight crew desperately tried to control the airplane as it plummeted toward the ground.

At 18:42 EST, the DC-9 touched down in a field within the airport boundary, about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) from the threshold of runway 18R. It then crashed through the airport fence and impacted several trees, breaking apart while skidding down a residential street that was on the airport boundary. The plane broke into four major sections; the front 40 feet (12 m) of the airplane, including the cockpit and the unoccupied first class passenger cabin, came to rest in the middle of Wallace Neel Road. The rear section of the fuselage, including the tail and the rear mounted engines, came to rest in the carport of a house.

USAir Flight 1016 seating chart from the NTSB, revealing locations of passengers, lack of injury, severity of injuries, and deaths

Of the 52 passengers on board, 14 suffered serious injuries, one had minor injuries and 37 died due to blunt force and/or fire. Of the five crew members, both pilots suffered minor injuries, two flight attendants were seriously injured and the remaining flight attendant sustained minor injuries. There were no injuries to people on the ground.

After a lengthy investigation by the NTSB, it was concluded that a microburst had been generated by the thunderstorm that was over the airport at the time of the crash. The NTSB listed these contributing factors:

  1. The flight crew's decision to continue the approach in a severe thunderstorm
  2. The failure of the flight crew to recognize wind shear quickly (exacerbated by an error in the wind shear alert software)
  3. The failure of the flight crew to establish proper control and engine power that would have brought them out of the wind shear
  4. The lack of timely weather information by air traffic control to the crew of flight 1016

In the media[edit]

This crash is featured in the Mayday/Air Crash Investigation of American Airlines Flight 1420 and The Unexplained: Death Cheaters on the Biography channel.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]