USCGC Evergreen (WLB-295)
|Career (United States)|
|Builder:||Marine Ironworks & Shipbuilding Corporation, Duluth, Minnesota|
|Laid down:||15 April 1942|
|Launched:||3 July 1942|
|Commissioned:||30 April 1943|
|Decommissioned:||27 May 1990|
|Fate:||sunk as target ship|
|Notes:||Nicknames: Never Clean. Ever Gone.|
|Class and type:||Cactus (A-Class)|
|Displacement:||1,025 long tons (1,041 t)|
|Length:||180 ft (55 m)|
|Beam:||37 ft (11 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Westinghouse generators driven by 2 Cooper-Bessemer GND-8 8-cylinder 4-cycle 6352 cubic inch diesel engines|
|Speed:||13 kn (24 km/h; 15 mph)|
|Range:||8,000 nmi (15,000 km; 9,200 mi) at 13 kn (24 km/h; 15 mph)|
|Armament:||Wartime: 20-mm guns, a 3-inch cannon, and depth charges.
Peacetime: 2 .50 caliber machine guns, 2 40mm grenade launchers and various small arms.
The USCGC Evergreen (WLB-295, WAGO-295, and WMEC-295) was originally built as a 180-foot (55 m) sea going buoy tender (WLB). A Cactus, or A-class vessel, Evergreen 's preliminary design was completed by the United States Lighthouse Service and the final design was produced by Marine Ironworks and Shipbuilding Corporation in Duluth, Minnesota (also the builders). The keel was laid on 15 April 1942. It was launched on 3 July 1942 and commissioned on 30 April 1943. The original cost for the hull and machinery was $871,946.
Evergreen is one of 39 original 180-foot (55 m) seagoing buoy tenders built between 1942-1944. All but one of the original tenders, the USCGC Ironwood, were built in Duluth. Like all of these tenders, the Evergreen was named after a plant.
Starting In 1948, Evergreen served as part of the International Ice Patrol, in addition to her duties as a buoy tender. In 1956, Evergreen served as the commanding vessel in the rescue of survivors from the Andrea Doria sinking. In 1964, Evergreen was converted to an oceanographic vessel and re-designated WAGO-295. During the conversion, a computer was installed, and Evergreen became the first government oceanographic ship to have one. As an oceanographic vessel, she was also converted from a black hull paint scheme to a white hull paint scheme, which the vessel wore until it was decommissioned. In 1968 Evergreen suffered a major fire in her engine room while tied to the pier. The fire was extinguished and the vessel was repaired. In 1972, Evergreen underwent extensive modification, including the addition of a bow thruster, and changes to her superstructure. In 1982, when the Coast Guard's oceanographic research program ended, the vessel was converted to a Medium Endurance Cutter, and re-designated WMEC-295.
Evergreen was decommissioned on 26 June 1990. She was used by the Navy as a target and sunk in 1992.
- National Park Service Report on the 180-foot (55 m) buoy tenders
- Photo history of USCG buoy tenders by the Coast Guard Historian's Office
- of the International Ice Patrol
- Fire Article
- History of Medium Endurance Cutters
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. CT-188, "U.S. Coast Guard Cutter EVERGREEN, New London, New London County, CT", 1 photo, 7 data pages, 1 photo caption page