USS Mayflower (1897)

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For other U.S. Navy ships of the same name, see USS Mayflower and USS Suwanee.
For other U.S. Coast Guard ships of the same name, see USCGC Mayflower.
USS Suwanee off Siboney, Cuba, 1898
USS Suwanee (ex-USLHT Mayflower) (center) underway off Siboney, Cuba, in 1898. The troop transport USS St. Louis is at left and the patrol yacht USS Vixen is at right.
Career (U.S.) Pennant of the United States Lighthouse Service.png
Name: USLHT Mayflower
Namesake: Mayflower
Operator: U.S. Lighthouse Board
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine
Cost: USD $74,872
Commissioned: November 1897
Fate: Transferred to U.S. Navy 27 April 1898
Career (U.S.) Union Navy Jack
Name: USS Suwanee
Namesake: Suwanee River
Operator: United States Navy
Commissioned: 27 April 1898
Decommissioned: December 1898
Honors and
awards:
Cited for "conspicuous service" by the Department of the Navy
Fate: Returned to the Lighthouse Service, December 1898
Career (U.S.) Pennant of the United States Lighthouse Service.png
Name: USLHT Mayflower
Operator: U.S. Lighthouse Board (1898-1910)
U.S. Lighthouse Service (1910-1917)
Recommissioned: December 1898
Fate: Transferred to U.S. Navy 10 May 1917
Career (U.S.) Union Navy Jack
Name: USS Mayflower
Operator: U.S. Navy
Recommissioned: 10 May 1917
Fate: Returned to U.S. Lighthouse Service 1 July 1919
Career (U.S.) Pennant of the United States Lighthouse Service.png
Name: USLHT Mayflower (1919-1939)
USCGC Mayflower (1939)
Operator: U.S. Lighthouse Service (1919-1939)
U.S. Coast Guard (1939)
Recommissioned: 1 July 1919
Decommissioned: December 1939
Fate: Transferred to Maritime Training Service December 1939
Career (U.S.)
Name: USCGC Mayflower(WAGL-236) (1940-1943)
USCGC Hydrangea (WAGL-236) (1943-1945)
Namesake: Mayflower
Operator: U.S. Coast Guard
Recommissioned: July 1940
Decommissioned: 8 October 1945
Renamed: USCGC Hydrangea 15 August 1943
Fate: Transferred to Maritime Commission for disposal and sold
General characteristics
Type: Lighthouse tender (1897-1898; 1898-1917; 1919-1939; 1940-1945)
Auxiliary cruiser (1898)
Patrol vessel (1917-1919)
Displacement: 630 tons (1897)
572 tons (1919)
821 tons (1945)
Length: 164 ft 0 in (50 m)
Beam: 30 feet 0 in (9.1 m)
Draft: 8 ft 1 in (2.5 m) (1897)
12 ft (3.7 m) (1919)
9 ft (2.7 m) (1945)
Propulsion: Two Almy watertube coal-fired boilers, two 325 shaft horsepower (242 kW) Steeple compound reciprocating steam engines, two shafts
Speed: 9.5 knots (17.6 km/hr) (maximum)
8.5 knots (15.7 km/hr) (cruising)
Range: 1,000 nautical miles (1,610 km) (1945)
Complement: 29 (1897)
23 (1909)
29 (1919)
40 (1945)
Armament: In 1945: Two 20-mm gun mounts, two depth charge tracks

The second USS Suwannee and third USS Mayflower was a United States Lighthouse Board, and later United States Lighthouse Service, lighthouse tender loaned to the United States Navy in 1898 for service as an auxiliary cruiser during the Spanish-American War and from 1917 to 1919 for service as a patrol vessel during World War I. She also served the Lighthouse Board and in the Lighthouse Service as USLHT Mayflower from 1897 to 1898, from 1898 to 1917, and from 1919 to 1939, and in the United States Coast Guard as the first USCGC Mayflower (WAGL-236) in 1939 and from 1940 to 1943 and as USCGC Hydrangea (WAGL-236) from 1943 to 1945.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

USLHT Mayflower was a lighthouse tender built for the U.S. Lighthouse Board in 1897 by Bath Iron Works in Bath, Maine. The Lighthouse Board commissioned her in November 1897.[1]

Spanish-American War[edit]

Just after the Spanish-American War broke out in April 1898, Mayflower was transferred to the U.S. Navy on 27 April 1898 for use as an auxiliary cruiser. She was renamed USS Suwannee to avoid confusion with the patrol yacht USS Mayflower, which also had been acquired for war service. Suwannee's war service included a brief period as the flagship of the commander of the naval base at Key West, Florida, Commodore George C. Remey. The United States Department of the Navy cited her for "conspicuous service" during the war. The war ended in August 1898, and she was returned to the Lighthouse Service in December 1898.[2][3][4]

1899-1917[edit]

The Lighthouse Board rechristened the ship USLHT Mayflower and placed her in service as a tender maintaining aids to navigation in the 2nd Lighthouse District, based at Boston, Massachusetts. The Lighthouse Service replaced the Lighthouse Board in 1910.[5]

World War I[edit]

After the United States entered World War I in April 1917, Mayflower again was transferred to the Navy and was commissioned on 10 May 1917 for use as a patrol vessel. She patrolled the Atlantic Ocean off the United States East Coast during the war. After the war ended in November 1918, she was returned to the Lighthouse Service by executive order on 1 July 1919.[6]

1919-1939[edit]

After returning the Lighthouse Service, Mayflower again operated in the 2nd Lighthouse District. In 1924, she transferred to the 5th Lighthouse District.[7] On 1 July 1939 the Lighthouse Service merged into the United States Coast Guard, and in December 1939 Mayflower was decommissioned and transferred to the Maritime Training Service in Boston, Massachusetts.[8][9]

World War II[edit]

When World War II in Europe created a pressing need for tenders, the Coast Guard recommissioned the ship in July 1940 as USCGC Mayflower (WAGL-236) and based her at Norfolk, Virginia. The Coast Guard, which operated under the control of the U.S. Navy during World War II, renamed her Hydrangea on 15 August 1943 to again avoid a naming conflict with the same USS Mayflower (PY-1), which had returned to Navy service once again as a patrol craft.[10][11]

Final disposition[edit]

Hydrangea was decommissioned on 8 October 1945 and transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal. She was later sold.[12][13]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]