USCGC Ingham (WHEC-35)
USCGC Ingham (WHEC-35)
|Name:||USCGC Samual D. Ingham
USCGC Ingham (May 1937)
|Namesake:||Samuel D. Ingham|
|Awarded:||30 January 1934|
|Builder:||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard|
|Laid down:||1 May 1935|
|Launched:||3 June 1936|
|Sponsored by:||Katherine Ingham Brush|
|Commissioned:||12 September 1936|
|Decommissioned:||27 May 1988|
|Reclassified:||WPG-35 (1 July 1941)
WAGC-35 (24 July 1944)
WHEC-35 (1 May 1965)
|Motto:||Never too old to serve|
|Length:||327 ft (100 m)|
|Beam:||41 ft (12 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers
2 Westinghouse double reduction geared steam turbine engines;
6,200 hp (4,600 kW)
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)|
|Range:||8,270 nmi (15,320 km; 9,520 mi)|
|Complement:||120 to 300 men (depending on time period)|
|Armament:||Depending on the time period:
1 to 4 × 5" (127 mm)/38 guns
2 × 5" (127 mm)/51 gun
2 × 6 lb (2.7 kg) saluting guns
varying numbers of .50 cal. (12.7 mm) machine guns
|Aircraft carried:||originally 1 Grumman seaplane, later removed|
|Location||Key West, Florida|
|Architect||US Coast Guard; Philadelphia Navy Yard|
|NRHP Reference #||92001879|
|Added to NRHP||27 April 1992|
|Designated NHL||27 April 1992|
USCGC Ingham (WHEC-35), one of only two preserved Treasury-class United States Coast Guard Cutters. Originally Samuel D. Ingham, she was the fourth cutter to be named for Treasury Secretary Samuel D. Ingham. She was the most decorated vessel in the Coast Guard fleet and was the only cutter to ever be awarded two Presidential Unit Citations.
Ingham was built at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. The Treasury Department awarded her contract on 30 January 1934. Her keel was laid on 1 May 1935 and she was launched on 3 June 1936 along with her sisters William J. Duane and Roger B. Taney. Ingham was christened by Ms. Katherine Ingham Brush on that date and the new cutter was formally commissioned on 12 September 1936.
Ingham served with distinction during World War II on convoy duty. Protecting ships ferrying vital supplies to Britain, Ingham battled stormy weather, German U-boats, and enemy aircraft. On 15 December 1942, during one crossing, Ingham engaged and sank the enemy submarine U-626. After 1944, Ingham served as an amphibious flagship and she would later take part in three campaigns in the Pacific Theater. Ingham was the last active warship in the US fleet with a U-Boat kill.
|HX 164||10–19 Dec 1941||from Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 49||27 Dec 1941-5 Jan 1942||from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|HX 171||22–30 Jan 1942||from Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 63||7–13 Feb 1942||from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|HX 177||MOEF group A2||1–8 March 1942||from Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 77||MOEF group A2||18–26 March 1942||from Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 190||MOEF group A3||20–27 May 1942||from Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 102||MOEF group A3||10–17 June 1942||from Northern Ireland to Iceland|
|ON 116||25–29 July 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|SC 93||29 July 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 117||31 July-3 Aug 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 124||24–27 Aug 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|SC 97||29 Aug-1 Sep 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 132||21–24 Sep 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|SC 101||28–30 Sep 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 136||5–9 Oct 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|SC 103||10 Oct 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|Convoy SC 107||5–7 Nov 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 144||8–15 Nov 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 152||11–15 Dec 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|SC 112||16–21 Dec 1942||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 160||14–21 Jan 1943||Iceland shuttle|
|HX 223||23–27 Jan 1943||Iceland shuttle|
|ON 175||4 Feb 1943||Iceland shuttle|
|Convoy SC 118||5–9 Feb 1943||Iceland shuttle|
|Convoy SC 121||9–11 March 1943||Iceland shuttle|
|Convoys HX 229/SC 122||19–21 March 1943||Iceland shuttle|
On completion of her deployment to Vietnam the Ingham returned to regular Coast Guard duties, serving until 1988, when she was decommissioned. At that time, Ingham was the SECOND oldest commissioned U.S. warship afloat, second only to USS Constitution in Boston, Massachusetts.
Museum Ship and Memorial
Acquired by Patriot's Point (located near Charleston, South Carolina) in 1989, Ingham was displayed along with the aircraft carrier Yorktown, the destroyer Laffey, and the submarine Clamagore until 20 August 2009.
On 20 August 2009 Ingham was towed to the Coast Guard piers in North Charleston, South Carolina for minor repairs and to await dry docking. She underwent a short dry docking period at Detyen's Shipyard in North Charleston and was then towed to Key West, Florida arriving there on 24 November 2009. She is now a member of Key West Maritime Memorial Museum.
The Commandant of the Coast Guard has declared Ingham the National Memorial to Coast Guardsmen Killed in Action in World War II and Vietnam. These 912 casualties are identified on a memorial plaque on Ingham's quarterdeck. Ingham was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1992.
- Presidential Unit Citation – 2 awards
- Coast Guard Meritorious Unit Commendation – 2 awards
- Coast Guard E Ribbon – 3 awards
- American Defense Service Medal with "A" device
- American Campaign Medal
- European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with two battle stars
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with three battle stars
- World War II Victory Medal
- China Service Medal
- National Defense Service Medal with star
- Vietnam Service Medal with three campaign stars
- Humanitarian Service Medal
- Coast Guard Special Operations Service Ribbon
- Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
- Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
- Philippine Liberation Ribbon with one star
- Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
Note – Despite the current awards display on the Ingham an examination of the Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual revision of 1953, which gives official awards to Navy and Coast Guard ships up to that date, there are slight errors in the number of awards displayed. The above listing is in accord with the official Awards Manual for awards earned prior to 1953. Additionally, the Coast Guard Medal and Awards Manual does not list the Ingham as having received the Coast Guard Unit Commendation.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "USCGC Ingham". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
- Cressman, Robert (2000). "Chapter IV: 1942". The official chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. OCLC 41977179. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
- "HX convoys". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "ON convoys". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "SC convoys". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Historic cutter en route to Miami". The State (Columbia, South Carolina: The McClatchy Company). 22 August 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2009.[dead link]
- "USCGC Ingraham WHEC-35". Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum. Retrieved 23 August 2009.[not in citation given]
- "HNSA Web Page: USS Ingham". Retrieved 28 March 2008.
- Delgado, James P. (1 November 1991). "Maritime Heritage of the United States NHL Theme Study—Large Vessels Registration: Ingham / U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Ingham (WPG-35)" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 27 June 2009. and
"Accompanying three photos, exterior, from 1944, 1953, and 1990". Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Coast Guard document "Ingham WPG / WAGC / WHEC-35 (Ex-Samuel D. Ingham)".
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