USCGC Valiant (WMEC-621)

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USCGC Valiant (WMEC-621)
USCGC Valiant (WMEC-621)
Career (USCG)
Builder: American Ship Building Company, Lorain, Ohio
Laid down: February 28, 1966
Launched: January 14, 1967
Commissioned: November 3, 1967
Homeport: Naval Station Mayport, Jacksonville, Florida
Fate: Active
General characteristics
Displacement: 759 tons
Length: 210' 6"
Beam: 34'
Draught: 10' 6" max
Propulsion: Originally, 2 × Cooper-Bessemer Corporation FVBM-12 turbocharged diesel engines
Currently, 2 × V16 2,550 hp (1,902 kW) ALCO diesel engines
Speed: 14 knots (26 km/h) cruising
20 knots (37 km/h) maximum
Range: 6,100-mile (9,820 km) at cruising speed
2,700-mile (4,350 km) at max speed
Boats & landing
craft carried:
1 × 23 foot Over The Horizon (OTH)
1 × 24 foot Cutter Boat Large (CBL)
Complement: 12 officers, 63 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
2 × AN/SPS-64 radar
Armament: 1 × Mk 38 25 mm machine gun
2 × M2HB .50 caliber machine gun
2 × M240 7.62×51mm machine gun
Aircraft carried: HH-65 Dolphin

USCGC Valiant (WMEC-621) is a United States Coast Guard medium endurance cutter. She was laid down February 28, 1966 at American Ship Building Company, Lorain, Ohio and launched January 14, 1967. She was commissioned November 3, 1967 at Galveston, Texas her first homeport.

History[edit]

The United States Coast Guard Cutter Valiant is a multi-mission, medium endurance cutter home ported in Jacksonville, Florida. Valiant operates in the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico for Commander, Coast Guard Atlantic Area. Missions include search and rescue, maritime law enforcement, marine environmental protection, and national defense operations.

Valiant was built in Lorain, Ohio by the American Shipbuilding Company, and is the seventh of sixteen cutters of her class. Valiant's keel was laid on February 28, 1966 and she was launched on January 14, 1967. She was first commissioned on November 3, 1967 in Galveston, Texas where she served for 24 years, In November 1991, Valiant was decommissioned for a mid-life overhaul. On January 7, 1994, Valiant was re-commissioned in her previous homeport of Miami Beach, Florida.[1]

On August 8th 2012 the CGC VALIANT arrived at her current homeport at Naval Station Jacksonville.[2]

Capabilities[edit]

Valiant normally carries 12 officers and 63 crewmembers. An important aspect of Valiant's design is the attention given to habitability. The ship has its own galley, sickbay; laundry, sewage treatment system, televisions, radios, and digital satellite television.

Powered by two V16 2,550 hp (1,902 kW) ALCO diesel engines, Valiant is capable of a maximum sustained of 18 knots (33 km/h). Valiant is equipped with two controllable pitch propellers, which makes her highly maneuverable.

Valiant has a 25 mm machine cannon mounted on the bow and is capable of firing high explosive projectiles at a rate of 180 round per minute. In addition, the vessel mounts two .50 caliber heavy machine guns. The 24 foot "Cutter Boat Large" (CBL) and the 23 foot "Over The Horizon" (OTH) are used to visit and board other vessels at sea. The special towing bitt on the fantail allows Valiant to tow vessels up to 10 times her size. Another feature of Valiant is her ability to carry a Coast Guard HH-65 Dolphin helicopter. The helicopter extends the ships surveillance range for law enforcement and reduces response time for search and rescue mission.

Valiant's mission capabilities are greatly enhanced by sophisticated electronic equipment such as: a Global Positioning System, surface search radar with a computerized collision avoidance system, radio direction finders, fathometers, and different types of radios.[1]

Operational history[edit]

The Valiant docked in Miami.

Valiant played an important role in the 1980 Cuban Boatlift in conjunction with dozens of Coast Guard Cutters, small boats, aircraft, and Navy Vessels. On June 8, 1990 the Tanker Ship MEGA BORG's pump room exploded leaving the crippled, on fire and leaking oil. Responding rapidly to an event 60 miles (97 km) offshore, Valiant's crew overcame complex logistical problems to mount an effective fire fighting, salvage and pollution cleanup campaign.

Since 1994, Valiant has been actively engaged in Alien Migration Interdiction Operation (AMIO). Valiant recovered and interdicted over 500 Haitian and Cuban migrants during Operations ABLE MANNER and ABLE VIGIL. Valiant repatriated over 1,900 Haitian migrants for Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to Port au Prince, Haiti over the course of 11 passages.

In 1996, Valiant was Patrol Commander for the Summer Olympic Sailing events in Savannah, Georgia, directing over 29 Coast Guard assets in providing security for 800 athletes from 98 Countries. Following the Olympics, Valiant earned an overall excellence award at Refresher Training in Mayport, Florida, with an overall score of 98%. In 1997, Valiant participated in Operation TRADEWINDS and trained over 500 Caribbean Coast Guard members from 12 countries in Damage Control, Engineering, and Seamanship Fundamentals.

In January 1999, Valiant was tasked to escort the motor vessel CANNES to the coastal waters of Galveston, TX. During that escort a boarding team from Valiant assisted Law Enforcement Detachment (LEDET) 406 South with searching the merchant ship, resulting in the discovery of over 10,000 pounds of cocaine. Following the escort of the vessel CANNES, Valiant arrived at Mayport, Florida, where for the second time in a row, the ship earned the Atlantic Area Commander's award for operational readiness at Tailored Ship Training Availability (TSTA) in February 1999.

Just after midnight on November 7, 1999, Valiant discovered a partially submerged vessel. As Valiant approached, a man was on top of the sinking hull and another man floating in the water. The two men were sailing back to Antigua when their boat started to take on water, soon after a wave struck the boat causing it to capsize. The two men spent over 30 hours in the water, just before Valiant’s crew rescued them.

In November 1999, approximately 100 miles (160 km) south of St. Croix, Valiant rendezvoused with the British Warship HMS Northumberland. A USCG LEDET boarding team aboard Northumberland intercepted the motor vessel ADRIATIK in the vicinity of Barbados. After three days, the boarding team found two and half tons of cocaine. The boarding concluded with the arrest of 13 crewmembers and the seizure of both the vessel and the cocaine.

During the passage of Hurricane Lenny in November 1999, Valiant was tasked to lead the search and rescue efforts for two missing sailing vessels in the vicinity of Saba Island. For a period of two days Valiant faced 10–15 foot swells and winds up to 60 knots (111 km/h). Valiant was tasked as On Scene Commander supervising the search efforts of 6 Coast Guard Cutters and 29 Aircraft assets. Valiant and its crew covered over 1250 miles searching for two missing sailboats. Unfortunately despite locating over 8 overturned and capsized vessels adrift in the area, only one survivor was found.[1]

In 2004, it was present during the 2004 Haiti Rebellion near Port-au-Prince, engaging in Alien Migration Interdiction Operations.[3] The Valiant repatriated 531 Haitians intercepted on boats as they tried flee the growing violence and turmoil fueled by rebel forces intent on removing President Jean-Bertrand Aristide from power.[4]

On January 13, 2010, the Valiant was ordered to assist in the humanitarian relief efforts following the 2010 Haiti earthquake.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c United States Coast Guard. Valiant History (DOC).
  2. ^ Mayport Mirror. [1].
  3. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.piersystem.com/go/doctype/586/4148/&offset=20/%7Ctitle="US Coast Guard Migrant Interdiction Operations"}}
  4. ^ {{cite web|url=http://articles.cnn.com/2004-02-27/world/haitian.repatriation_1_haitian-migrants-haitian-officials-haitian-coast-guard?_s=PM:WORLD/%7Ctitle="Coast Guard repatriates Haitians who fled violence"}}
  5. ^ "Coast Guard Sends Cutters, Aircraft to Haiti". Navy Times. 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2010-01-13. [dead link]

External links[edit]