USS Admiral Hugh Rodman (AP-126)
USS Admiral Hugh Rodman (AP-126)
in San Francisco Bay, California.
|Name:||USS Admiral Hugh Rodman (AP-126)|
|Namesake:||Admiral Hugh Rodman, US Navy|
|Builder:||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation|
|Laid down:||24 April 1944|
|Launched:||25 February 1945|
|Commissioned:||7 July 1945|
|Renamed:||USAT General Maurice Rose, 1 August 1946|
|Namesake:||General Maurice Rose, US Army|
|Renamed:||USNS General Maurice Rose (T-AP-126), 1 March 1950|
|Decommissioned:||Transferred to the permanent custody of the Maritime Administration (MARAD), 30 June 1970|
|Struck:||20 August 1990|
|Class & type:||Admiral W. S. Benson-class transport|
|Displacement:||9,676 tons dockside|
|Tons burthen:||20,120 tons fully laden|
|Length:||608 feet 11 inches (185.60 m)|
|Beam:||75 feet 6 inches (23.01 m)|
|Draft:||26 feet 6 inches (8.08 m)|
|Installed power:||19,000 shp|
|Speed:||19 knots (35 km/h)|
|Capacity:||100,000 cubic feet (2,800 m3) of cargo|
|Armament:||4 × 5"/38 caliber gun mounts
8 × twin Bofors 40 mm gun mounts
14 × twin Oerlikon 20 mm cannon gun mounts
USS Admiral Hugh Rodman (AP-126) was an Admiral W. S. Benson-class transport: Laid down, 24 April 1944, as a Maritime Commission type (P2-SE2-R1) hull, under Maritime Commission contract, (MC hull 684), at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Alameda, California; Launched, 25 February 1945; Commissioned USS Admiral Hugh Rodman (AP-126), 7 July 1945, Capt. Lewis E. Coley in command; Decommissioned, 14 May 1946, at New York; Transferred to the U.S. Army Transportation Service in May 1946; Commissioned USAT General Maurice Rose, 1 August 1946; Reacquired by the U.S. Navy and assigned to the Military Sea Transport Service (MSTS); Placed in service as USNS General Maurice Rose (T-AP-126), 1 March 1950.
World War II Pacific Theatre operations
Assigned to the United States Pacific Fleet, the transport departed San Francisco, on 21 July 1945 for a shakedown cruise which took her to San Diego and Los Angeles. She returned to her home port on 16 August – two days after hostilities with Japan ended — and embarked fresh troops to replace war-weary veterans in the Far East. She transited the Golden Gate on 21 August and proceeded via Ulithi to the Philippines. Following stops at San Pedro Bay, Leyte, and Batangas and Manila, Luzon, she headed home and reached San Francisco, early in October.
Then, following a second round-trip voyage to the Philippines, she again got underway from San Francisco, in December, and set course for Nagoya, Japan. This shuttle run ended at Los Angeles, on 3 January 1946. Another voyage to Japan – this time to Yokohama – took her back to Seattle, Washington. Early in March, she sailed from that port with occupation troops and delivered them to Okinawa.
Transferred to the US Army
From that island in the Ryukyu Islands, the ship sailed, via the Panama Canal, for the east coast of the United States. She reached New York on 14 May, was decommissioned on that day, and was transferred to the War Department later that month. The ship entered the Bethlehem New York yard at 56th Street on 3 June to receive the repairs and modifications she would require upon assuming a slightly different role. She got underway again on 1 August and served the U.S. Army Transport Service as General Maurice Rose until she and her sister U.S. Army transports were transferred to the U.S. Navy on 1 March 1950 to serve in the recently established Military Sea Transportation Service.
Transporting Soldiers and Refugees
Steaming primarily between New York and Bremerhaven, Germany, she completed more than 150 round-trip voyages while carrying military dependents and European refugees and rotating combat-ready troops. In addition, the ship deployed to the Mediterranean 17 times to support U.S. 6th Fleet operations. Following the gallant, but abortive, Hungarian revolution in October 1956, she completed three runs to Bremerhaven, Germany, and back between 12 January and 27 March 1957 transporting Hungarian refugees to the United States. On three occasions between 1 April and 5 October, General Maurice Rose was dispatched to the eastern Mediterranean to support units of the U.S. 6th Fleet responding to political crises in Jordan. The General Maurice Rose was still transporting troops between New York and Bremerhaven, Germany in July 1958.
Vietnam Crisis Operations
In 1965, however, America's increased involvement in the war in Vietnam beckoned the transport toward a new theater of operations. After completing nine voyages to Bremerhaven, Germany, and back between 16 January and 4 August 1965, General Maurice Rose departed New York on 14 August for transport duty to southeast Asia. She sailed via Long Beach, California, and Pearl Harbor to Qui Nhon, South Vietnam, where she arrived on 14 September and began debarking troops and supplies. After departing Vietnam on the 19th, she steamed via Okinawa and the U.S. West Coast and reached New York on 18 October.
During the first eight months of 1966, she made eight round-trip runs to Europe and back. On 8 September, she again departed New York for troop lift duty to South Vietnam. She operated in the western Pacific supporting the forces of freedom in southeast Asia through the end of 1966. She returned to New York late in January 1967 for an overhaul and was placed in ready reserve status. As such she was laid up at the Cavin Point Army Depot in New York harbor.
General Maurice Rose was placed in ready reserve status and laid up in the Cavin Point Army Depot in New York harbor in 1967. She was transferred to the permanent custody of the Maritime Administration (MARAD), 30 June 1970 and shifted to the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River, Fort Eustis, Virginia. She was struck from the Naval Register, 20 August 1990 and sold by the Maritime Administration in June 1997 for scrapping at Brownsville, Texas.