Soviet Cup

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For the rugby union competition of the same name, see Soviet Cup (rugby). For the ice hockey competition of the same name, see Soviet Cup (ice hockey).
Soviet Cup
Founded 1936
Region Soviet Union
Number of teams 32
Most successful club(s) Spartak Moscow
(10 titles)

The Soviet Cup, or USSR Cup (Russian: Кубок СССР[1]), was the premier football cup competition in the Soviet Union conducted by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. The winner of the competition was awarded a qualification to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, unless it already qualified for the European Cup, in turn passed the qualification to the finalist. In case if a team would win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and not win its national league cup titles next year, it qualified to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup along with the new cup holder.

The first participation in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup took place in 1965-66 when Dynamo Kyiv qualified for the European competition for winning the 1964 Soviet Cup.

Format[edit]

Format of competitions was constantly changing. Until 1984 the Soviet Cup corresponded to the Soviet Top League calendar "spring"-"fall" after that it changed to "fall"-"spring" calendar which is the most popular in the Europe. In 1959-1960 the competition was conducted for two years. From 1965 to 1968 seasons were overlapping each other. The 1992 Soviet Cup Final took place after the fall of the Soviet Union in the independent Russia.

Finals[edit]

Year Winner Score Runner-up
1936 Lokomotiv Moscow 2 - 0 Dynamo Tbilisi
1937 Dynamo Moscow 5 - 2 Dynamo Tbilisi
1938 Spartak Moscow 3 - 2 Elektrik Leningrad
1939 Spartak Moscow 3 - 1 Stalinets Leningrad
1944 Zenit Leningrad 2 - 1 CDKA Moscow
1945 CDKA Moscow 2 - 1 Dynamo Moscow
1946 Spartak Moscow 3 - 2 Dynamo Tbilisi
1947 Spartak Moscow 2 - 0 Torpedo Moscow
1948 CDKA Moscow 3 - 0 Spartak Moscow
1949 Torpedo Moscow 2 - 1 Dynamo Moscow
1950 Spartak Moscow 3 - 0 Dynamo Moscow
1951 CDSA Moscow 2 - 1 Kalinin FC
1952 Torpedo Moscow 1 - 0 Spartak Moscow
1953 Dynamo Moscow 1 - 0 Zenit Kuybyshev
1954 Dynamo Kyiv 2 - 1 Spartak Yerevan
1955 CDSA Moscow 2 - 1 Dynamo Moscow
1957 Lokomotiv Moscow 1 - 0 Spartak Moscow
1958 Spartak Moscow 1 - 0 Torpedo Moscow
1959/60 Torpedo Moscow 4 - 3 Dynamo Tbilisi
1961 Shakhtyor Stalino 3 - 1 Torpedo Moscow
1962 Shakhtyor Stalino 2 - 0 Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo
1963 Spartak Moscow 2 - 0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1964 Dynamo Kyiv 1 - 0 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
1965 Spartak Moscow 0 - 0
2 - 1 (replay)
Dynamo Minsk
1965/66 Dynamo Kyiv 2 - 0 Torpedo Moscow
1966/67 Dynamo Moscow 3 - 0 CSKA Moscow
1967/68 Torpedo Moscow 1 - 0 Pakhtakor Tashkent
1969 Karpaty Lviv 2 - 1 SKA Rostov-on-Don
1970 Dynamo Moscow 2 - 1 Dynamo Tbilisi
1971 Spartak Moscow 2 - 2
1 - 0 (replay)
SKA Rostov-on-Don
1972 Torpedo Moscow 0 - 0
1 - 1 (5-1 pen) (replay)
Spartak Moscow
1973 Ararat Yerevan 2 - 1 Dynamo Kyiv
1974 Dynamo Kyiv 3 - 0 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1975 Ararat Yerevan 2 - 1 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1976 Dynamo Tbilisi 3 - 0 Ararat Yerevan
1977 Dynamo Moscow 1 - 0 Torpedo Moscow
1978 Dynamo Kyiv 2 - 1 Shakhtar Donetsk
1979 Dynamo Tbilisi 0 - 0 (aet) (5-4 pen) Dynamo Moscow
1980 Shakhtar Donetsk 2 - 1 Dynamo Tbilisi
1981 SKA Rostov-on-Don 1 - 0 Spartak Moscow
1982 Dynamo Kyiv 1 - 0 Torpedo Moscow
1983 Shakhtar Donetsk 1 - 0 Metalist Kharkiv
1984 Dynamo Moscow 2 - 0 Zenit Leningrad
1984/85 Dynamo Kyiv 1 - 0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1985/86 Torpedo Moscow 1 - 0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1986/87 Dynamo Kyiv 3 - 3 (aet) (4-2 pen) Dynamo Minsk
1987/88 Metalist Kharkiv 2 - 0 Torpedo Moscow
1988/89 Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 1 - 0 Torpedo Moscow
1989/90 Dynamo Kyiv 6 - 1 Lokomotiv Moscow
1990/91 CSKA Moscow 3 - 2 Torpedo Moscow
1991/92 Spartak Moscow 2 - 0 CSKA Moscow

Overall statistics[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

Club Republic Winners Runners-Up Semi-finalists Years Won
Spartak Moscow RUS 10 5 7 1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992
Dynamo Kyiv UKR 9 1 4 1954, 1964, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1990
Torpedo Moscow RUS 6 9 5 1949, 1952, 1960, 1968, 1972, 1986
Dynamo Moscow RUS 6 5 10 1937, 1953, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1984
CSKA Moscow RUS 5 3 11 1945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1991
Shakhtar Donetsk UKR 4 4 6 1961, 1962, 1980, 1983
Dynamo Tbilisi GEO 2 6 7 1976, 1979
Ararat Yerevan ARM 2 2 2 1973, 1975
Lokomotiv Moscow RUS 2 1 7 1936, 1957
Zenit Leningrad RUS 1 2 7 1944
SKA Rostov-on-Don RUS 1 2 0 1981
Metalist Kharkiv UKR 1 1 1 1988
Karpaty Lviv UKR 1 0 2 1969
Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk UKR 1 5 1989
Krylya Sovetov Kuybushev RUS 0 2 2
Dinamo Minsk BLR 0 2 2
Zorya Voroshilovgrad UKR 0 2 1
Elektrik Leningrad RUS 0 1 1
Kalinin city team RUS 0 1 0
Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo RUS 0 1 0
Pakhtakor Tashkent UZB 0 1 1
Neftchi Baku AZE 0 0 4
Dynamo Leningrad RUS 0 0 3
Rotor Volgograd RUS 0 0 1
VSS Moscow RUS 0 0 1
CSKA Kyiv UKR 0 0 1
SK Odessa UKR 0 0 1
Admiralteyets Leningrad RUS 0 0 1
Qairat Almaty KAZ 0 0 1
Chornomorets Odessa UKR 0 0 1
Sokol Saratov RUS 0 0 1
MFK Mykolaiv UKR 0 0 1
Iskra Smolensk RUS 0 0 1
Tavriya Simferopol UKR 0 0 1
Žalgiris Vilnius LIT 0 0 1
Pamir Dushanbe TAJ 0 0 1
Fakel Voronezh RUS 0 0 1

Performance by republic[edit]

Republic Winners Runners-Up Semi-finals Winning Clubs
 Russian SFSR 31 32 59 Spartak Moscow (10), Dynamo Moscow (6), Torpedo Moscow (6), CSKA Moscow (5), Lokomotiv Moscow (2), Zenit Leningrad (1), SKA Rostov-on-Don (1)
 Ukrainian SSR 16 8 24 Dynamo Kyiv (9), Shakhtar Donetsk (4), Metalist Kharkiv (1), Karpaty Lviv (1), Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk (1)
 Georgian SSR 2 6 7 Dynamo Tbilisi (2)
 Armenian SSR 2 2 2 Ararat Yerevan (2)
 Byelorussian SSR 2 2
 Uzbek SSR 1 1
 Azerbaijan SSR 4
 Kazakh SSR 1
 Lithuanian SSR 1
 Tajik SSR 1

Best coaches[edit]

Valeriy Lobanovsky (1939-2002).
Boris Arkadiev (1899-1986).
Place Name Medals Champion clubs
gold silver
1 Viktor Maslov 6 3 Torpedo Moscow (3), Dynamo Kyiv (2), Ararat Yerevan (1)
2 Valeriy Lobanovsky 6 - Dynamo Kyiv
3 Boris Arkadiev 4 1 CDKA Moscow (3), Lokomotiv Moscow (1)
Nikita Simonyan 4 1 Spartak Moscow (3), Ararat Yerevan (1)
5 Oleg Oshenkov 3 1 Shakhtar Donetsk (2), Dynamo Kyiv (1)
6 Valentin Ivanov 2 5 Torpedo Moscow
7 Aleksandr Sevidov 2 2 Dynamo Moscow
8-11 Nodar Akhalkatsi 2 1 Dinamo Tbilisi
Konstantin Beskov 2 1 Dynamo Moscow
Konstantin Kvashnin 2 1 Spartak Mocow, Torpedo Moscow
Viktor Nosov 2 1 Shakhtar Donetsk

Another coach Albert Vollrat won two cups in 1946 and 1947.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ukrainian: Кубок СРСР; Belarusian: Кубак СССР; Uzbek: СССР Кубоги; Georgian: სსრკ თასი; Azerbaijani: ССРИ кубоку; Lithuanian: TSRS taurė; Moldovan: Купа УРСС; Latvian: PSRS kauss; Estonian: NSVL Karikas