USS Abbot (DD-184)

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USS Abbot (DD-184)
Career (U.S.)
Name: USS Abbot (DD-184)
Namesake: Joel Abbot
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newport News, Virginia
Laid down: 5 April 1918
Launched: 4 July 1918
Commissioned: 19 July 1919
Decommissioned: 23 September 1940
Struck: 8 January 1941
Fate: Transferred to UK, 23 September 1940
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Charlestown (I-21)
Commissioned: 23 September 1940
Decommissioned: 15 January 1945
Fate: Scrapped, 1947
General characteristics
Class & type: Wickes-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,306 long tons (1,327 t)
Length: 314 ft 4 in (95.81 m)
Beam: 30 ft 11 in (9.42 m)
Draught: 9 ft 4 in (2.84 m)
Propulsion: 2 × steam turbine]]s
2 × shafts
Speed: 41 ft 6 in (12.65 m)35 knots (65 km/h)
Complement: 122 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 × 4 in (100 mm) guns
2 × 3 in (76 mm) guns
12 × 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes

The first USS Abbot (DD-184) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy until traded to Britain at the beginning of World War II. She served in the Royal Navy as HMS Charlestown (I-21), a "Town"-class destroyer.

Service history[edit]

As USS Abbot[edit]

Named after Commodore Joel Abbot, she was laid down on 5 April 1918 by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newport News, Virginia, launched on 4 July 1918, sponsored by Miss Louise Abbot, great granddaughter of Cdre. Abbot, and commissioned on 19 July 1919, Lieutenant Commander W. N. Richardson, Jr. in command.

Based at Norfolk, Virginia, Abbot operated along the east coast and in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, especially in Cuban waters. The destroyer was placed out of commission at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 5 July 1922.

After being laid up for almost 20 years, Abbot was recommissioned on 17 June 1940 and patrolled along the east coast until going out of commission once more at Halifax, in Nova Scotia, on 23 September 1940 to be transferred to Britain under terms of the agreement by which the U.S. exchanged 50 overage destroyers for bases on British colonial territory in the Atlantic. Abbot was struck from the Navy list on 8 January 1941.

As HMS Charlestown[edit]

Temporarily named HMS Abbot and then quickly renamed HMS Charlestown, the destroyer was assigned to the 17th Destroyer Division and arrived at Belfast, Northern Ireland on 8 October. She took part in several minelaying operations along the west coast of Scotland. In September 1943, Charlestown was allocated to the Rosyth Escort Force to escort convoys along the east coast of Britain.

Charlestown was damaged in a collision with the steamer Florizell off Harwich, England in December 1944. Due to her age, it was decided not to repair her, and the destroyer was placed in reserve at Grangemouth, Firth of Forth. Charlestown was decommissioned on 15 January 1945 and was eventually scrapped.

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