USS Aludra (AK-72)
USS Aludra (AK-72), 1942-43
|Name:||Robert T. Lincoln
|Namesake:||Robert T. Lincoln
|Ordered:||as a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 437, SS Robert T. Lincoln|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California|
|Laid down:||2 October 1942|
|Launched:||7 December 1942|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Dorothy A. Rainbow|
|Acquired:||14 December 1942|
|Commissioned:||26 December 1942|
|Out of service:||23 June 1943|
|Renamed:||30 October 1942|
|1 x battle star|
|Fate:||Sunk 23 June 1943|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Displacement:||4,023 t (3,959 long tons) (standard)
14,550 t (14,320 long tons) (full load)
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Installed power:||2,500 shp (1,900 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Babcock & Wilcox header-type boilers, 220psi 450°
1 × Joshua Hendy vertical triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
1 × shaft
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
|Armament:||1 × 5 in (130 mm)/38 caliber dual purpose gun
1 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 caliber dual purpose gun
6 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon cannons anti-aircraft gun mounts
The USS Aludra (AK-72) was a Crater-class cargo ship in the service of the United States Navy in World War II. Named after the star Aludra in the constellation Canis Major, it was the first ship of the Navy to bear this name.
Aludra was laid down 28 October 1942 as liberty ship SS Robert T. Lincoln (MCE hull 437) by Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard No. 2, Richmond, California, under a Maritime Commission contract; launched on 7 December 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Dorothy A. Rainbow; renamed Aludra (AK-72) on 30 October 1942; delivered to the Navy on 14 December 1942; and placed in commission at San Francisco, California, on 26 December 1942, Lieutenant Commander. Dale E. Collins in command.
The new cargo ship joined the Pacific Fleet and held brief shakedown training before departing the west coast on 7 January 1943. She anchored in Dumbea Bay, New Caledonia, on 29 January. The vessel got underway on 2 February for Havannah Harbor, Efate Island, and arrived there two days later. Aludra continued on to Espiritu Santo, where she remained from 11 February through 6 May.
The vessel left Espiritu Santo on 6 May in company with USS Brooks (APD-10). The two ships reached Brisbane, Australia, on 11 May and took on cargo. Aludra sailed on 17 May for Auckland, New Zealand. She arrived there on 23 May and spent one week in port taking on supplies and equipment. The ship left Auckland on 30 May but returned that same day to repair a steering casualty. She got underway again on 31 May.
Aludra made port calls at Nouméa, New Caledonia, and Guadalcanal. She departed the latter port on 22 June, bound for Espiritu Santo. At 04:44 on 23 June, a torpedo fired by Japanese submarine Ro-103 (Ro-100-class submarine) hit Aludra’s port side and exploded. Approximately five hours later, at 09:33, the cargo ship sank in over 2,000 fathoms (3,650 m) of water. Two of her crew members were killed and 12 were wounded.
Aludra earned one battle star for her World War II service.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of Aludra at NavSource Naval History