USS Anchorage (LSD-36)
|Career (United States)|
|Name:||USS Anchorage (LSD-36)|
|Awarded:||29 June 1965|
|Laid down:||13 March 1967|
|Launched:||5 May 1968|
|Commissioned:||15 March 1969|
|Decommissioned:||1 October 2003|
|Struck:||8 March 2004|
|Motto:||1st of its class|
|Fate:||Sunk as a target 17 July 2010|
|Class and type:||Anchorage-class dock landing ship|
|Displacement:||14,095 long tons (14,321 t) Full
8,325 long tons (8,459 t) Light
5,570 long tons (5,660 t) Dead Weight
|Length:||553 ft (169 m)|
|Beam:||85 ft (26 m)|
|Draft:||20 ft (6.1 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × steam turbines
2 × boilers, 600 psi
|Speed:||22 knots (25 mph; 41 km/h)|
|Boats and landing
|Complement:||53 officers, 771 enlisted|
|Armament:||• 2 × 20 mm Phalanx CIWS
• 2 × Mk-38 machine guns
• 4 × .50 machine guns
|Operations:||Vietnam War (1970-72)
Operation Continue Hope, Somalia (1994)
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
|Awards:||Meritorious Unit Commendation
6 Battle stars (Vietnam)
USS Anchorage (LSD-36) was a dock landing ship of the United States Navy. She was lead ship of the Anchorage-class as well as the second ship (USS Juneau CL-52 being the first) in the navy to be named after a city in Alaska.
Outfitted with a large floodable stern section accessed through an enormous operable stern gate, Anchorage served as a launch platform for large landing craft, such as the LCU, as well as a "boat haven" to shelter other small craft utilized in an amphibious landing. The ship was able to provide a minimal degree of naval gunfire support through the use of two sets of twin 3"/50 guns mounted on the 02-level fore and aft. In later years these guns were removed to be replaced with Mk-38 machine guns and two Phalanx CIWS for missile defense. In its final decade of service with the US Navy, it functioned primarily as a platform for two LCAC hovercraft landing vehicles and embarked Marines.
In the ship's 34 years of service, she completed 19 deployments in the western Pacific and became the most decorated dock landing ship on the west coast.
In 1994, she served in Operation Continue Hope in Mogadishu, Somalia. Also while there assisted in Operation Quick Draw and Distant Runner with the Hotel Rwanda incident and Burundi.
In 1996, following completion of a deployment during which she supported Operation Southern Watch in the Persian Gulf, Anchorage entered drydock for its final drydock planned maintenance availability during which it received numerous systems upgrades and modifications.
Anchorage was approved for transfer to Taiwan by the United States Senate in November 2003. Anchorage was scheduled to replace the former Comstock, now Chung Cheng, however the transfer never took place and Anchorage remained at the Inactive Ships Maintenance Facility at Pearl Harbor.
On 17 July 2010, Anchorage was used as a target during RIMPAC for Maverick and Harpoon missiles fired from US Patrol Squadrons VP-5 and VP-40. After nearly 6 hours of being pounded by anti-ship cruise missiles and air dropped bombs, the ANCHORAGE would not yield to the depths of the ocean. With the late day's sun rays illuminating her port side, the USS BREMERTON (SSN 698), was called in to finish the job. With one well placed torpedo, the ANCHORAGE received a direct hit that lifted the ship out of the water and broke her keel. Nearly 22 minutes later, the ANCHORAGE slipped beneath the surface completing the final stage of the RIMPAC 2010 SINKEX.
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