USS Bainbridge (DD-246)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Bainbridge.
USS Bainbridge (DD-246)
Career (US)
Namesake: William Bainbridge
Builder: New York Shipbuilding
Laid down: 27 May 1919
Launched: 12 June 1920
Commissioned: 9 February 1921
Decommissioned: 21 July 1945
Struck: November, 1945
Fate: Sold for scrap, 30 November 1945
General characteristics
Class & type: Clemson-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,216 tons
Length: 314 feet 4 inches (95.81 m)
Beam: 31 feet 8 inches (9.65 m)
Draft: 9 feet 10 in (3 m)
Propulsion: 26,500 shp (20 MW);
geared turbines,
2 screws
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Range: 4,900 nmi (9,100 km)
  @ 15 kt
Complement: 137 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 × 4" (102 mm), 1 × 3" (76 mm), 12 × 21" (533 mm) torpedo tubes

The third USS Bainbridge (DD-246) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Commodore William Bainbridge, who served in the War of 1812 and the First and Second Barbary Wars.

History[edit]

Bainbridge was launched 12 June 1920 by New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey; sponsored by Miss Juliet Edith Greene, great great-granddaughter of Commodore Bainbridge; commissioned 9 February 1921, Lieutenant Commander E.L. Thebaud in command; and reported to the Atlantic Fleet.

Bainbridge operated along the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean with the fleet carrying out tactical exercises and maneuvers until October 1922, when she departed for Constantinople to join the Naval Detachment in Turkish waters. On 16 December 1922 she rescued approximately 500 survivors of the burning French military transport Vinh-Long about 10 miles off Constantinople. For extraordinary heroism during the rescue Lieutenant Commander Walter A. Edwards received the Medal of Honor.

The next year, at Newport, Rhode Island, she served temporarily as flagship of Commander, Scouting Fleet and then joined Squadron 14 Scouting Fleet, in the Atlantic.

Between 1923 and 1928 Bainbridge participated in annual fleet concentrations, tactical and joint maneuvers, and fleet and type competitions. In 1927 she was assigned temporary duty with the Special Service Squadron for patrol duty off Nicaragua during internal disturbances there. During several summers Bainbridge participated in the training program of the Scouting Fleet, making summer cruises with reservists. On 23 December 1930 she was placed out of commission in reserve at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

On 9 March 1932 Bainbridge was placed in reduced commission and attached to Rotating Reserve Division 19, taking part in Naval Reserve training cruises. She was placed in full commission 5 September 1933 and assigned to Destroyer Division 8, Scouting Force. For a short period she served with the Special Service Squadron in the Florida Keys and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and was later assigned to the Pacific, arriving at San Diego, California 5 November 1934. While serving on the west coast Bainbridge made cruises to British Columbia, Alaska, and Hawaii. She was placed out of commission in reserve at San Diego 20 November 1937.

Recommissioned 26 September 1939 Bainbridge was as signed to Division 62 and operated on the Neutrality Patrol in the Panama Canal Zone until the summer of 1940 when she reported to Key West, Florida, for patrol duty. During the early part of 1941 she cruised along the northeast coast and between May and November 1941 made three convoy escort voyages to Newfoundland and Iceland.

Bainbridge refueling from USS Hancock (CV-19), in 1944.

World War II[edit]

Between December 1941 and July 1945 Bainbridge operated as a convoy escort in the waters off the east and Gulf coasts and in the Caribbean with the exception of five trans-Atlantic escort crossings to North Africa (February–December 1943).

Convoys escorted[edit]

Convoy Escort Group Dates Notes
HX 155 18–25 October 1941[1] 52 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Iceland prior to US declaration of war
ON 31 4–15 November 1941[2] 37 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland prior to US declaration of war
HX 168 4–10 January 1942[1] 36 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Iceland
ON 57 24 January-7 February 1942[2] 15 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland
AT 33 6 January 1943[3] escorted Empress of Scotland out of New York City with 4,191 troops bound for England
UGS 5A 18–21 February 1943[4] 16 ships escorted without loss from Chesapeake Bay to Mediterranean Sea
GUS 9 9–15 July 1943[5] 43 ships escorted without loss from Mediterranean Sea to Chesapeake Bay
UGS 16 27 August-7 September 1943[4] 79 ships escorted without loss from Chesapeake Bay to Mediterranean Sea
GUS 15 21–27 September 1943[5] 37 ships escorted without loss from Mediterranean Sea to Chesapeake Bay
UGS 22 25–30 October 1943[4] 64 ships escorted without loss from Chesapeake Bay to Mediterranean Sea

Disposal[edit]

Commencing her inactivation 1 July 1945, Bainbridge was decommissioned 21 July 1945 at Philadelphia and sold 30 November 1945.

Bainbridge received one battle star for her service as a convoy escort (13 June–August 1943).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "HX convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-19. 
  2. ^ a b "ON convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-19. 
  3. ^ "AT convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  4. ^ a b c "UGS convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-20. 
  5. ^ a b "GUS convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-20. 

External links[edit]