USS Bataan (CVL-29)

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USS Bataan.jpg
USS Bataan preparing for her second Korean War deployment
Career (United States)
Awarded: 26 December 1940
Builder: New York Shipbuilding Corporation
Laid down: 31 August 1942
Launched: 1 August 1943
Commissioned: 17 November 1943
Decommissioned: 9 April 1954
Struck: 1 September 1959
Honors and
awards:
6 Battle Stars (World War II), 7 Battle Stars (Korea)
Fate: Sold for scrapping in May 1961
General characteristics
Class & type: Independence-class aircraft carrier
Displacement: 11,120 light tons, 16,260 full tons
Length: 622.5 ft (189.7 m), 600 ft on waterline
Beam: 109 ft 2 in (33.27 m), 71 ft on waterline
Draft: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Speed: 32 knots
Complement: 156 officers and 1,372 men
Armament: 26 × Bofors 40 mm guns (2×4, 9×2)
18 × Oerlikon 20 mm cannons (18×1)

USS Bataan (CVL-29/AVT-4), originally planned as USS Buffalo (CL-99) and also classified as CV-29, was an 11,000 ton Independence class light aircraft carrier which was commissioned in the United States Navy during World War II.

Service history[edit]

World War II[edit]

Vice President Osmeña at the commissioning ceremony

Buffalo (CL-99) was reclassified CV-29 and renamed Bataan on 2 June 1942, reclassified CVL-29 on 15 July 1943; launched on 1 August 1943 at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation in Camden, New Jersey, sponsored by Mrs. George D. Murray, wife of Rear Admiral Murray; and commissioned on 17 November 1943, with Captain V. H. Schaeffer in command

After shakedown, she reported to the Pacific Fleet. In her initial engagement with the Japanese, Bataan's planes supported the attack on Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura), New Guinea, between 21 April and 24 April 1944. Following this action were strikes against Truk, Satawan, and Ponape (29 April – 1 May 1944); Saipan, Marianas (11 June – 10 August); 1st Bonins raid (15–16 June); Battle of the Philippine Sea (19–20 June), and the 2nd Bonins raid (24 June).

Bataan was then returned to the United States for repairs. Repairs completed, she joined TF 58 and participated in the fleet raids in support of the Okinawa operation (17 March – 30 May 1945), during which her aircraft assisted in the sinking of Yamato on 7 April 1945 and I-56 on 18 April 1945, in 26°42′N 130°38′E / 26.700°N 130.633°E / 26.700; 130.633. Retiring to the Philippines, Bataan joined the 3rd Fleet for operations against the Japanese home islands (10 July – 15 August). Bataan was assigned to Rear Admiral Gerald F. Bogan's Task Group 38.3 (TG 38.3) built around Bataan, Essex, Ticonderoga, Randolph, and Monterey).

Bataan returned to the United States, arriving at New York 17 October 1945, and was assigned to "Magic Carpet" duty. On 10 January 1946 she arrived at Philadelphia to prepare for inactivation. Bataan went out of commission in reserve on 11 February 1947.

Korea[edit]

Bataan was recommissioned on 13 May 1950 at Philadelphia. In July 1950, she stood out for San Diego, and upon arrival she loaded Air Force cargo and personnel, and departed on 16 November for Tokyo Bay. She arrived in Korean waters on 15 December, and until June 1951 her aircraft flew strikes in support of the ground forces.

Bataan departed for the west coast 2 June 1951 and, after a brief stop at San Diego, steamed to Bremerton, Washington, on 9 July for overhaul. She returned to San Diego on 20 November, and on 27 January 1952 departed for Yokosuka, Japan, and thence to Buckner Bay, Okinawa. She conducted air exercises and other training maneuvers off Okinawa until 29 April, when she sailed for Korean waters. Bataan continued operating between Japan and Korea throughout the summer of 1952 carrying personnel and supplies to the fighting area and launching strikes against the enemy. She left the fighting zone on 11 August for San Diego. On 27 October the carrier once again stood out for the Far East and operated off Korea until 10 May 1953, when she departed for San Diego.

She remained in the San Diego area undergoing overhaul and training until 31 July. Then she sailed via Pearl Harbor to Kobe and Yokosuka, Japan, and then back to the United States where she reported for inactivation on 26 August 1953. She went out of commission in reserve on 9 April 1954 at San Francisco, California. She was stricken from the Navy List on 1 September 1959, and was sold for scrapping in May 1961.

Awards[edit]

Bataan received six battle stars for her World War II service and seven for her Korean War service.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • USS Bataan at Nine Sisters Light Carrier Historical Documentary Project