USS Baxter (APA-94)
USS Baxter at anchor, date and location unknown.
|Name:||USS Baxter (APA-94)|
|Namesake:||Baxter County, Arkansas|
|Laid down:||18 March 1943|
|Launched:||19 September 1943|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs R. S. Hendry|
|Acquired:||30 November 1943|
|Commissioned:||15 May 1944|
|Decommissioned:||22 March 1946|
|Struck:||17 April 1946|
|Four battle stars for World War II service|
|Class and type:||Sumter-class attack transport|
|Displacement:||8591 tons (lt?), 13,910 tons (fl)|
|Length:||468 ft 8 in|
|Draft:||23 ft 3 in (limiting)|
|Propulsion:||1 x General Electric geared drive turbine, 2 Babcock and Wilcox header-type boilers, 1 propeller, designed shaft horsepower 6,000|
|Capacity:||Troops: Officers 95, Enlisted 1,422
Cargo: 170,000 cu ft, 1,450 tons
|Complement:||Officers 56, Enlisted 498|
|Armament:||2 x 5"/38 caliber dual-purpose gun mount, 4 x twin 40mm gun mounts (originally 8 x 1.1" guns), 10 x single 20mm gun mounts|
|Notes:||MCV Hull No. 483, hull type C2-S-E1|
Baxter (APA-94) was launched 19 September 1943 by Gulf Shipbuilding at Chickasaw, Alabama, as Antinous under a Maritime Commission contract, transferred to the Navy 30 November 1943; placed in reduced commission the same day, sailed to New York and placed out of commission for conversion at Atlantic Basin Iron Works, Brooklyn, New York, recommissioned 15 May 1944, Captain V. R. Sinclair in command; and reported to the Pacific Fleet.
World War II
Invasion of Leyte
In August she commenced training exercises in the Hawaiian Islands in preparation for the first assaults against the Philippines. Between 20 October and 18 November 1944 she participated in the Leyte operation, landing several hundred troops.
Invasion of Luzon
Baxter got underway from Manus, Admiralty Islands 31 December 1944 with troops and cargo and again steamed toward the Philippines. On 9 January 1945 she unloaded her troops and equipment in the initial assault against the beaches of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon. She departed the same day and proceeded to Leyte Gulf. On 29 January she took part in the landings at San Felipe, Luzon, and left for Leyte the same day.
Invasion of Okinawa
Early in March she embarked troops of the 7th Infantry Division and between 14 and 21 March engaged in training exercises. On 27 March she departed the Philippines for Okinawa where she provided logistic support for the initial stages of the operation (1–6 April 1945). On 6 April she departed for San Francisco arriving on the 30th.
On 22 March 1946 Baxter was decommissioned and returned to the Maritime Commission.
Baxter received three battle stars for her service in World War II.