USS Blower (SS-325)
|Name:||USS Blower (SS-325)|
|Builder:||Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut|
|Laid down:||15 July 1943|
|Launched:||23 April 1944|
|Commissioned:||10 August 1944|
|Decommissioned:||16 November 1950|
|Struck:||20 December 1950|
|Fate:||Transferred to Turkey, 16 November 1950|
|Acquired:||16 November 1950|
|Fate:||Collided with the Swedish freighter Naboland and sunk, 4 April 1953|
|Class & type:||Balao class diesel-electric submarine|
|Displacement:||1,526 tons (1,550 t) surfaced
2,424 tons (2,463 t) submerged
|Length:||311 ft 9 in (95.02 m)|
|Beam:||27 ft 3 in (8.31 m)|
|Draft:||16 ft 10 in (5.13 m) maximum|
|Propulsion:||4 × General Motors Model 16-278A V16 diesel engines driving electrical generators
|Speed:||20.25 knots (38 km/h) surfaced
8.75 knots (16 km/h) submerged
|Range:||11,000 nautical miles (20,000 km) surfaced at 10 knots (19 km/h)|
|Endurance:||48 hours at 2 knots (3.7 km/h) submerged
75 days on patrol
|Test depth:||400 ft (120 m)|
|Complement:||10 officers, 70–71 enlisted|
|Armament:||10 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
(six forward, four aft)
1 × 5-inch (127 mm) / 25 caliber deck gun
Bofors 40 mm and Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
Blower (SS-325) was launched 23 April 1944 by Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn.; sponsored by Mrs. Richard F. J. Johnson, wife of Commander Johnson, and commissioned 10 August 1944, Lieutenant Commander J. H. Campbell in command.
Blower arrived at Pearl Harbor 16 December 1944 and, after undergoing voyage repairs and training exercises got underway for her first war patrol 17 January 1945. She completed three war patrols before the termination of hostilities, all in the Java and South China seas. All three patrols proved unprofitable for Blower and she arrived at Fremantle, Australia, from her last patrol 28 July 1945. Blower departed the Southwest Pacific in September 1945 and, after engaging in training exercises around the Marianas and Caroline Islands for several months, proceeded to the United States via Pearl Harbor, arriving at San Diego 29 January 1946.
From 1946 through 1949 Blower was attached to the Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet. She operated mainly along the west coast on scheduled torpedo exercises submerged sound school operations, and training programs. During the latter part of 1946 she made a cruise to Japan, via Pearl Harbor and the Marianas. Early in 1947 she participated in fleet operations near Pearl Harbor.
During August–September 1948 Blower operated in Alaskan waters with Carp (SS-338) patrolling along the contour of the Arctic ice pack in the Chukchi Sea, carrying out radar tracking and sonar exercises. Returning to San Diego, the ship continued scheduled operations until early 1950 when she departed for the east coast to join Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet. She arrived at Philadelphia 3 March and underwent repairs at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard until September. On 27 September she arrived at New London, Connecticut, where she trained Turkish naval personnel.
Blower was decommissioned at the Naval Submarine Base New London, 16 November 1950 and transferred to Turkey under the Mutual Defense Assistance Program, where she was recommissioned as the second TCG Dumlupınar. She was lost on 4 April 1953, when, returning from the NATO maneuver Blue-Sea, TCG Dumlupınar collided in the Dardanelles off the Nara Point with the Swedish freighter Naboland and sank. Eighty-one submariners died in this accident.
The story of Dumlupinar unfolded on 4 April 1953, while returning from the Nato training mission "Blue Sea", she collided with the Swedish cargo ship Naboland in Nara region, Canakkale (Dardanelles) and sank. Presently she is lying in 90 meters depth.
TCG Inonu I and TCG Dumlupinar submarines started their voyage home to Golcuk after completing their missions in the Nato training in Mediterranean. In the night of April 3/4, they passed Canakkale straits returning home without knowing what will happen. The trip for Dumlupinar has ended with a tragic accident at April 4, 1953 02:10 a.m. with a tragic accident.
Lieutenant Huseyin Inkaya was on the deck watch continuing his duty although he was not on shift. While they were near Nara, something strange caught his eyes on their course. Right at that moment, there was a loud noise that none understand where came from and the soldiers fall to the sea. Only the five of the eight watch crew that where on the deck while collision were lucky to open their eyes in water. The two of them died terribly with the propellers of Dumlupinar and one of sailors was drowned.Swedish steamer SS Naboland was collieded to Dumlupinar from her bow torpedo room starboard side. The sound of the collision has been heard from the ships anchored in the Eceabat harbor. Dumlupinar that has faced to this huge impact, started sinking from front compartments. And she couldn't resist the huge collision and sunk to the Dardanelles straits' dark waters in seconds. But some of the crew was survived and locked themselves to stern torpedo room. There was a huge explosion in the central compartment of Dumlupinar that makes her sink faster. There was no electricity. The sailors that saw the submarine was taking water from bow, tried to reach to the stern. They lost a lot of their friends while trying to reach the stern torpedo compartment. While Dumlupinar was sinking, 22 sailors reached the stern torpedo compartment.
Same night, the Custom's ship that was anchored in the Eceabat Harbour, was warned by a small motor ship. The person on the ship told them about the collision near Nara and asked them to get to the scene. When the ship reached to the collision area, the sea was like a circus area. All of Naboland's rescue boats were on sea, they have threw their phosphorus life jackets to sea and fired a lot of flares. Custom's ship has taken on board the rescued sailors from Dumlupinar who was on the sea or rescued by the rescue boats. The sailors have been taken to the hospitals around very quickly. But still there was 81 person under the water, no one knows if they were still alive or not. There was nothing else to do but to hope that they were alive and they call the "Kurtaran" (Rescuer) ship, the submarine rescue ship.
The sun had started to rise in Nara bay. Because of the light weather the fishing boats around the area saw the emergency communication buoy thrown by Dumlupinar while she was sinking. The custom's ship went directly to the comm. buoy and the second handsman of the customs ship Selim Yoluduz reached for the phone located inside of the comm. buoy and read the inscription on it that says "Dumlupinar submarine commissioned to the Turkish Navy sunk here, Open the hatch and contact with submarine". He opened the hatch and took the phone and started to talk with hope.
The customs officer waiting an answer has been relax when he heard the answer: "Yes, I am Lieutenant Selami". Getting the answer what he was waiting, Selim Yoluduz asked to the Lt. Selami about their condition. The answer that he got was explaining the horrible condition in Dumllupinar. Lt. Selami told him that the submarine was staying still 15 degrees to starboard, that their electricity was off and they were 22 persons in the stern torpedo room. Selim Yoluduz told him that they were in the Nara bay of Canakkale and their submarine was in approximately 90 meters depth. He said "don't worry we will get you out of there. Kurtaran (The Rescuer) is on its way." The words that Lt. Selami told him has been written to his ears and heart : "We salute our families. We know that you will save us. For our country..."
This was the first conversation of Lt Selami with the people on the surface. The people hope was fading out while the rescue tries of the Kurtaran ship that came approximately 11:00 was giving out no results. After the first conversation the people talked to Lt Selami were in order Canakkale Sea Forces Admiral Zeki Adar, Selim Yoluduz and second captain of the Inonu I Submarine, Suat Tezcan. While the time of alive crew at stern was passing slowly and their oxygen too, they were ordered to no talking, singing or smoking for using their oxygen economically, the hopes were fading out on the surface. Although surface and rescue crew says: there was no hesitate or sadness in the voice of Lt. Selami. After a while for another conversation: they reached for the phone. The sounds coming was like they were waiting for their will. They were praying. Surface crew explained the situation to alive crew with same words "You can talk, sing even you can smoke"Approximately at 15:00 the cable that was holding the communication buoy broke. There would be no other news from Dumlupinar...
The words "For our country" was the last words heard from the Dumlupinar lying in 84 meters depth. After the accident, when Admiral Sadik Altincan, Governor Safaeddin Karnakci and other authorities arrived to the region, the rescue operations started. In the mean time Inonu 1 submarine who didn't notice the accident returned to the accident region to help the rescue operations. There were other ships on the water to help the rescue operations. The rescue operations continued in the drafty waters of Canakkale but this efforts couldn't save the crew of Dumlupinar. Divers unsuccessfully attempted to secure a rescue apparatus to the stricken submarine.
At 2:15 AM Tuesday morning, three days after the initial accident, the rising CO2 levels inside the submarine would have killed any surviving crew. The rescue operation was abandoned. The following day at 15:00 a ceremony was held on the ship "Basaran".
- Friedman, Norman (1995). U.S. Submarines Through 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 285–304. ISBN 1-55750-263-3.
- Bauer, K. Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 275–280. ISBN 0-313-26202-0.
- U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 261
- U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 305-311