USS Briscoe (APA-65)

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Career (USA)
Name: USS Briscoe (APA-65)
Namesake: A county in Texas
Builder: Consolidated Steel
Laid down: 29 March 1944
Launched: 19 June 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs C. W. Giegerich
Acquired: 29 October 1944
Commissioned: 29 October 1944
Decommissioned: 29 August 1946
Struck: 13 July 1948
Fate: Sunk by USS Duluth (CL-87) off Kwajalein, 6 May 1948 after use as a target in Operation Crossroads
General characteristics
Class & type: Gilliam-class attack transport
Tonnage: 85,000 cu. ft., 2,600 t.
Displacement: 4,247 tons (lt), 7,080 t.(fl)
Length: 426 ft (130 m)
Beam: 58 ft (18 m)
Draft: 16 ft (4.9 m)
Propulsion: Westinghouse turboelectric drive, 2 boilers, 2 propellers, Design shaft horsepower 6,000
Speed: 16.9 knots
Capacity: 47 Officers, 802 Enlisted
Crew: 27 Officers, 295 Enlisted
Armament: 1 x 5"/38 caliber dual-purpose gun mount, 4 x twin 40mm gun mounts, 10 x single 20mm gun mounts
Notes: MCV Hull No. 1858, hull type S4-SE2-BD1

USS Briscoe (APA-65) was a Gilliam-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Arriving late in the war, she was initially assigned to troop transport missions and consequently did not participate in any combat operations.

Briscoe was named after a county in Texas. She was launched 19 June 1944 by Consolidated Steel at Wilmington, California, under a Maritime Commission contract; acquired by the Navy 29 October 1944; and commissioned the same day, Captain A. J. Detzer in command.

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

Briscoe departed the United States 5 December 1944 and steamed to Pearl Harbor where she engaged in training and shakedown exercises until 6 April 1945. She then carried troops and cargo between the Marshalls, Marianas, Philippines, and New Guinea

After hostilities[edit]

Briscoe departed the Philippines 25 August 1945 for Tokyo Bay, Japan. Upon arrival she joined the naval occupation forces and served primarily as a transport between the Philippine Islands and China. Briscoe departed the Far East 30 November 1945 and returned to the United States.

During the early months of 1946 she made several voyages between the ports of California and the Pacific islands, returning troops to the United States.

Operation Crossroads[edit]

In the spring of 1946 Briscoe was assigned as a target ship for Operation Crossroads, the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll. Following the atomic tests she was decommissioned at Bikini and maintained for two years for radiological and structural studies. Briscoe was destroyed by sinking 6 May 1948.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.