USS Bunker Hill (CG-52)
USS Bunker Hill (CG-52) underway
|Name:||USS Bunker Hill|
|Namesake:||Battle of Bunker Hill|
|Operator:||United States Navy|
|Ordered:||15 January 1982|
|Laid down:||11 January 1984|
|Launched:||11 March 1985|
|Commissioned:||20 September 1986|
|Homeport:||Naval Base San Diego|
|7 Battle "E" Awards|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2015[update]|
|Class and type:||Ticonderoga class cruiser|
|Displacement:||Approx. 9,600 long tons (9,800 t) full load|
|Length:||567 feet (173 m)|
|Beam:||55 feet (16.8 meters)|
|Draft:||34 feet (10.2 meters)|
|Propulsion:||4 × General Electric LM2500 gas turbine engines, 80,000 shaft horsepower (60,000 kW)
2 × controllable-reversible pitch propellers
|Speed:||32.5 knots (60 km/h; 37.4 mph)|
|Range:||6,000 nmi (11,000 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h); 3,300 nmi (6,100 km) at 30 kn (56 km/h).|
|Complement:||33 officers, 27 Chief Petty Officers, and approx. 340 enlisted|
|Armament:||2 × 61 cell Mk 41 vertical launch systems containing
|Aircraft carried:||2 × Sikorsky SH-60B or MH-60R Seahawk LAMPS III helicopters.|
USS Bunker Hill (CG-52) is a Ticonderoga class guided missile cruiser laid down by Litton-Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation at Pascagoula, Mississippi on 11 January 1984, launched on 11 March 1985 and commissioned on 20 September 1986. Bunker Hill is homeported at Naval Base San Diego in San Diego, California.
Bunker Hill was the first Ticonderoga-class cruiser to be equipped with the Mk. 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) in place of the previous ships' Mk. 26 twin-arm missile launchers, greatly improving the flexibility and firepower of the ships by allowing them to fire RGM-109 Tomahawk missiles.
Ship's Coat of Arms
The sea dragon is an awesome beast that is both vigilant and fierce. Grasping a flaming sword, the sea dragon symbolizes the naval prowess and attack capability of today's USS Bunker Hill. The flaming sword also represents the revolutionary capability of the vertical launching system first introduced in Bunker Hill. The stars commemorate the eleven battle stars the former USS Bunker Hill (CV 17) earned in the Pacific theater during World War II. Blue and gold are the colors traditionally associated with the Navy and are symbolic of the sea and excellence. The two white bars in the chief represent American courage and purpose as displayed at the Battle of Bunker Hill on 17 June 1775. The red bars symbolize the British assaults on the colonists' entrenchment and the curve below alludes to the hill that the British took at great cost. Battle of Bunker Hill proved to be a rallying point for the Americans, since afterwards the British faced full-scale war. The colonists were formidable opponents at Bunker Hill. The entrenchments or redoubts they built are symbolized by the scarlet hill and battlements. The muskets with bayonets recall the weapons of that battle and the powder horn refers to the New Englander's stand until their ammunition supply was exhausted. The anchor is symbolic of maritime traditions and excellence of achievement.
After commissioning, the Bunker Hill entered the Pacific Ocean via the Panama Canal and began short notice work-ups to deploy to the U.S. Seventh Fleet. She made her first deployment in July 1987, nearly one year ahead of schedule.
During READIEX 87-5, Bunker Hill first operated with Battle Group Sierra which consisted of Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group 1, Missouri (BB-63), Long Beach (CGN-9), Hoel (DDG-13), Curts (FFG-38), and Kansas City (AOR-3). She deployed as part of Battle Group SIERRA (Task Group 30.7). Following an upkeep period at Subic Bay in the Philippines, Bunker Hill became Anti-Air Warfare Coordinator for Battle Group Sierra (TG 70.10), now en route to the North Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman. During the deployment she provided an anti-air warfare umbrella inside the Persian Gulf for Missouri and other US-flagged tankers and ships transiting through the Strait of Hormuz.
In August 1988, Bunker Hill's homeport was shifted from San Diego to Yokosuka, Japan joining the Midway Carrier Battlegroup. She then deployed with the Midway group for four months with the Seventh Fleet, for which she was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation. She was also awarded her first Battle Efficiency Award.
1990s and 2000s
In November 1990, Bunker Hill sailed in support of Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm and served as the multinational Air Warfare Commander (AAWC) and as one of the first ships to launch a Tomahawk Land Attack Cruise Missile against Iraqi targets. Following the conclusion of the Persian Gulf War, Bunker Hill participated in organizing and establishing Operation Southern Watch, the complex enforcement of the United Nations established no-fly zone over southern Iraq. Bunker Hill made a historical visit to the Russian city Vladivostok in 1993, and then one year later she made a port visit to Qingdao in the People's Republic of China.
In July 1998, Bunker Hill's homeport was shifted from Yokosuka, Japan back to San Diego. In late 2000, Bunker Hill deployed with the Abraham Lincoln Battle Group. She again participated in Operation Southern Watch and conducted boardings and inspections of over 40 merchant vessels in support of United Nations sanctions against Iraq. Bunker Hill also escorted the Tarawa Amphibious Ready Group while conducting humanitarian operations off East Timor and training exercises in Kuwait. Bunker Hill acted as Air Defense Commander for the ARG where she designed and implemented innovative procedures for CG integration into an Amphibious Ready Group. Following the attack on USS Cole, Bunker Hill sortied from Bahrain to provide support and protection to seven USN and USNS ships based there and subsequently remained at sea for 67 consecutive days. Bunker Hill returned from deployment in February 2001.
Since her commissioning, Bunker Hill has deployed six times to the Persian Gulf and has earned fifteen Battle "E" Awards, including the Golden Battle "E" in 1996 and 2006 which is given when a ship receives five such awards consecutively.
In January 2007, the Bunker Hill was sent to the coast of Somalia to conduct anti-terrorist operations as part of the Dwight D. Eisenhower task force. She was awarded the Meritorious Unit Citation for this role.
In February 2011, Bunker Hill along with the Momsen broke up a pirate attack on a tanker while patrolling the Gulf of Oman. The ships chased away two skiffs, eventually sinking both after they had returned to their mothership.
In 2011-2012 the ship deployed with Carrier Strike Group One. On 22 October 2012, Bunker Hill began a five-month Drydocking Selected Restricted Availability (DSRA) maintenance period at the BAE Systems Inc. shipyard in San Diego, California.
Bunker Hill is slated to be decommissioned in 2019 with 33 years of service and placed in reserve. She will be the first VLS Ticonderoga to be decommissioned.
- USS Bunker Hill Command History 1987
- Toppan, Andrew (10 March 2003). "World Navies Today: US Navy Aircraft Carriers & Surface Combatants". hazegray.org. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Velazquez, Elena (4 March 2008). "COMNAVSURFOR Announces Winners of Battle "E"". Naval Surface Forces Public Affairs. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Navy Establishes Carrier Strike Group 1". NNS091002-03. Commander, U.S. 3rd Fleet Public Affairs. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- Fuentes, Gidget (16 January 2010). "Bunker Hill en route to help Haiti mission". Navy Times. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "U.S. Navy disrupts pirate attack". CNN. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
- "2012 History". USS Bunker Hill CG-52. USCarrier.net. 26 October 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "Report to Congress on the Annual Long-Range Plan for Construction for Naval Vessels for FY2015". Washington DC: Office of Cheif of Naval Operations. June 2014. p. 19.
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