USS Canfield (DE-262)

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Career
Name: USS Canfield (DE-262)
Laid down: 23 February 1943
Launched: 6 April 1943
Commissioned: 22 July 1943
Decommissioned: 21 December 1945
Struck: 8 January 1946
Honours and
awards:
4 Battle Stars
Fate: Sold for scrap, 12 June 1947
General characteristics
Class and type: Evarts class destroyer escort
Displacement: 1,140 (std), 1,430 tons (full)
Length: 289 ft 5 in (88.21 m) (oa), 283 ft 6 in (86.41 m) (wl)
Beam: 35 ft 2 in (10.72 m)
Draft: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m) (max)
Propulsion: 4 GM Model 16-278A diesel engines with electric drive, 6000 shp, 2 screws
Speed: 19 knots
Range: 4,150 nm
Complement: 15 officers / 183 enlisted
Armament: 3 x 3"/50 Mk 22 (1x3),
1 x 1.1"/75 Mk 2 quad AA (4x1),
9 x 20 mm Mk 4 AA,
1 Hedgehog Projector,
Mk 10 (144 rounds),
8 Mk 6 depth charge projectors,
2 Mk 9 depth charge tracks

USS Canfield (DE-262) was an Evarts-class destroyer escort constructed for the United States Navy during World War II. She was sent off into the Pacific Ocean to protect convoys and other ships from Japanese submarines and fighter aircraft. She performed escort and antisubmarine operations in dangerous battle areas and returned home with four battle stars.

She was launched on 6 April 1943 by Boston Navy Yard; sponsored by Mrs. L. W. Canfield; and commissioned on 22 July 1943, Commander J. B. Cleland, Jr., USNR, in command.

Service history[edit]

Canfield sailed from Boston, Massachusetts on 13 October 1943 for Pearl Harbor, arriving on 17 November. From 25 November – 10 December, she screened the vital but vulnerable tankers supporting air strikes on the Marshall Islands. In January, Canfield sailed to Majuro, from which base she continued to operate on convoy escort, patrol, and plane guard in the Marshalls operation.

Returning to Pearl Harbor in April 1944, Canfield got underway on 6 May escorting a tanker convoy bound for Majuro. Here she resumed escort duties, now supporting the Marianas operation. In September, the escort vessel arrived at Eniwetok, and until December, guarded convoys to the forward base at Ulithi. These convoys carried the men and supplies essential to the Philippines operation.

Early in March 1945, after a visit to Pearl Harbor, Canfield arrived off Iwo Jima, and served on patrol during the assault and capture of the northern part of the island. On 20 March, she embarked men of the veteran 4th Marines for transportation to Pearl Harbor.

Canfield continued to San Francisco, California, for overhaul, and San Diego, California, for refresher training, returning to Pearl Harbor on 7 June. After a month of antisubmarine and plane guard duty, she sailed for San Pedro Bay, Philippine Islands, where she joined a Japan-bound occupation convoy. Canfield anchored in Tokyo Bay on 20 September.

On 6 October, Canfield was underway for San Francisco. Here, she was decommissioned on 21 December 1945, and sold from scrap on 12 June 1947.

Awards[edit]

Canfield received four battle stars for World War II service.

Image[edit]

USS Canfield (DE-262) 1943-1945. Photo credit National Archives

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links[edit]