USS Carlson (DE-9)

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Career (US)
Launched: 10 May 1943
Commissioned: 10 May 1943
Decommissioned: 10 December 1945
Fate: sold, 17 October 1946
General characteristics
Class and type: Evarts class destroyer escort
Type: Destroyer escort
Displacement: 1,140 long tons (1,160 t)
Length: 289 ft 5 in (88.21 m)
Beam: 35 ft 2 in (10.72 m)
Speed: 19½ kt
Range: 5,000 miles[vague] at 15 knots
Complement: 198
Armament:
  • Main Guns: 3x3 inch/50 guns in open mounts and fired fixed shot (anti-aircraft, armour piercing or starshell) and had a range of 14,600 yards at 45 degrees and an anti aircraft ceiling of 28,000feet.
  • Anti aircraft Guns: 7 x Oerlikon 20 mm guns positioned one in front of the bridge behind and above B gun also one each side of B gun in pods and two each side of the ship in pods just abaft the funnel (some of the ships had an extra Oerlikon fitted on top of the superstructure midships, the odd ship had a twin Bofors 40 mm gun instead of the extra Oerlikon.
  • Hedgehog: British designed ahead throwing mortar which fired 24 bombs ahead of the ship, this was situated between A and B guns.
  • Depth Charges: Up to 160 depth charges were carried. Two sets of double rails at the stern held 24 per set. Two K gun throwers each holding five charges were situated each side of the ship just forward of the aft depth charge rails. Just forward of these, double ready rails extending to midships were fitted each side of the ship holding approximately sixty charges per side (these ready rails were added after the ships arrived back in the UK).

USS Carlson (BDE-9/DE-9) was an Evarts-class short-hull destroyer escort in the United States Navy. It was named after Chief Daniel William Carlson who was killed during the Battle of Midway

Carlson was originally scheduled for transfer to Britain as BDE-9. BDE-9 was launched on 10 May 1943 by Boston Navy Yard, sponsored by Mrs. D. W. Carlson, and commissioned 10 May 1943, with Lieutenant H. E. Purdy, USNR in command.

Carlson sailed from Norfolk, Virginia, 23 July 1943 for Espiritu Santo, where she arrived on 31 August. For seven months she was at sea almost constantly, aiding in the Guadalcanal and northern Solomon Islands operations with convoy escort and antisubmarine patrol services. Returning to San Francisco, California for overhaul in May 1944, Carlson trained with submarines and acted as target ship and plane guard for aircraft in the Hawaiian area from June through September 1944.

The escort vessel arrived at Eniwetok on 6 October 1944 to begin escort duty between that atoll and Ulithi, guarding convoys composed mainly of tankers. She thus contributed to the success of operations in the Philippines, and later at Iwo Jima, until 21 March 1945, when she sailed from Ulithi for Leyte. Here she was assigned to the screen of the Southern Attack Force for the assault on Okinawa.

Carlson's task unit arrived off Okinawa to launch the initial assault waves on the morning of 1 April 1945. During that day, and the five that followed, she conducted anti-submarine patrols during the daylight hours and retired to seaward guarding the transports at night. From 6–17 April, she sailed to Saipan and back, escorting transports and cargo ships with reinforcements, then took up a screening station between Okinawa and Kerama Retto. On her first night, a Japanese plane launched a torpedo which passed harmlessly under Carlson's bow. Three more times during the next two weeks Japanese planes were driven off by the escort vessel's gunners. After another voyage to Saipan, Carlson screened on various stations off Okinawa, during a period of heavy kamikaze attacks.

A kamikaze fighter struck the Carlson on one occasion but the plane hit the water and lost all momentum before striking the ship, and did not explode. The dead Japanese pilot was retrieved by Carlson's crew.[citation needed]

Clearing Okinawa 29 June 1945, she sailed to Leyte to join the screen for the replenishment group serving TF 38. With this group she aided the Third Fleet in maintaining a constant offensive on Japan proper through the close of the war.

On 16 September, she got underway for San Pedro, California, where she was decommissioned 10 December 1945. Carlson was sold on 17 October 1946.

Carlson received two battle stars for World War II service.

Awards[edit]

Combat Action Ribbon.svg Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive)
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (with two service stars)
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg World War II Victory Medal

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.