USS Cincinnati (C-7)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see USS Cincinnati.
USS Cincinnati (C-7)
USS Cincinnati (C-7)
Career (US)
Name: Cincinnati
Builder: New York Navy Yard
Launched: 10 November 1892
Commissioned: 16 June 1894
Decommissioned: 20 April 1919
Struck: 4 August 1921
Fate: Sold
General characteristics
Type: Protected cruiser
Displacement: 3,183 long tons (3,234 t)
Length: 305 ft 9 in (93.19 m)
Beam: 42 ft (13 m)
Draft: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Installed power: 8,000 ihp (6,000 kW)[1]
Propulsion: 2 × vertical triple expansion reciprocating engines
8 × Babcock and Wilcox boilers
2 × screws[2]
Speed: 19 kn (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Complement: 312 officers and men
Armament: 1 × 6 in (150 mm)/40 cal guns
10 × 5 in (130 mm)/40 cal guns
8 × 6-pounder (57 mm (2.2 in)) guns
2 × 1-pounder (37 mm (1.5 in)) guns
4 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes
Armor: Deck: 2.5 in (64 mm)
Conning Tower: 2 in (51 mm)

USS Cincinnati (C-7) was a protected cruiser of the United States Navy and was launched on 10 November 1892 by New York Navy Yard; sponsored by Miss S. Mosby; and commissioned on 16 June 1894, Captain Henry Glass in command. She was the second ship to be named after Cincinnati, Ohio.

Service history[edit]

Spanish-American War[edit]

Cincinnati '​s first cruise, along the east coast, and then in the Caribbean, found her enforcing neutrality laws at Tampa and Key West during the Cuban Revolution from September 1895-January 1896. From September 1896-July 1897, she served in the eastern Mediterranean, returning to the South Atlantic Station in September 1897. In April 1898, opening month of the Spanish-American War, Cincinnati, commanded by Captain Colby Mitchell Chester joined the blockade off Havana, Cuba, and bombarded Matanzas. The next month, she scouted throughout the West Indies searching for the Spanish fleet known to be approaching Cuba.

At the close of May, Cincinnati came north for repairs, returning to the Caribbean for occupation duty in August. She convoyed troops from Guantanamo Bay to Puerto Rico, patrolled off San Juan, made a reconnaissance of Culebra Island, and escorted the captured Spanish flagship Infanta Maria Teresa until the prize of war sank en route to Norfolk from Cuba. On 8–9 August, Cincinnati provided illumination with her searchlights and naval gunfire to support bluejackets defending the Cape San Juan Light from a Spanish ground assault in the Battle of Fajardo.[3] After joining in salvage operations at Santiago in November, she sailed north, and from 14 February 1899 – 2 December 1901 was out of commission at New York Navy Yard for extensive repairs.

Pre-World War I[edit]

From May 1902-January 1903, Cincinnati protected American citizens and property in the Caribbean during political disturbances at Haiti, Santo Domingo, and Panama, and brought relief supplies to Martinique after the devastating eruption of Mount Pelee. From January–May 1903, the cruiser sailed in the Mediterranean, then passed through the Suez Canal for four years of duty on the Asiatic Station, based in the Philippines. Target practice, maneuvers, and goodwill cruises took her to many ports in China, Japan, and the Pacific islands, and from time to time she patrolled off Korea. She returned to Mare Island Navy Yard on 10 September 1907, and was decommissioned there on 12 October.

World War I and beyond[edit]

Recommissioned in reserve on 8 March 1911, Cincinnati was in full commission in 11 October 1911, and two months later returned to the Asiatic Station for a six-year tour of duty similar to her earlier employment there. She returned to San Diego on 16 December 1917, and while bound for the east coast took part in humanitarian relief at San Jose, Guatemala after severe earthquakes. She arrived in Hampton Roads on 16 January 1918.

As flagship of the American Patrol Detachment, Atlantic Fleet from 1 February 1918 – 28 March 1919, Cincinnati patrolled the Gulf of Mexico from Key West, protecting the movement of vital oil supplies. She was decommissioned at New Orleans on 20 April, and sold on 4 August 1921.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ (2001) Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I, pg. 142. Random House, London. ISBN 1851703780
  2. ^ (2001) Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I, pg. 142. Random House, London. ISBN 1851703780
  3. ^ Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy for the Year 1898, Appendix to the Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, p. 651