USS Cleveland (LPD-7)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Cleveland.
USS Cleveland LPD-7

USS Cleveland
Career (US)
Name: USS Cleveland
Namesake: Cleveland, Ohio
Operator:  United States Navy
Ordered: 25 January 1963
Builder: Ingalls Shipbuilding
Laid down: 30 November 1964
Launched: 7 May 1966
Commissioned: 21 April 1967
Decommissioned: 30 September 2011
Homeport: Naval Base San Diego
General characteristics
Class & type: Austin class amphibious transport dock
Displacement: 9734 tons light, 17326 tons full, 7592 tons dead
Length: 173.7 m (570 ft) overall, 167 meters (548 ft) waterline
Beam: 30.4 m (100 ft) extreme, 25.6 meters (84 ft) waterline
Draught: 6.7 m (22 ft) maximum, 7 meters (23 ft) limit
Speed: 21 knots (24 mph; 39 km/h)
Complement: 164 officers, 396 enlisted, 840 troops, 90 flag staff
Armament: Initially:4×3-inch(76mm Mark22)/50caliber AA guns, then, two 25 mm Mk 38 chain guns, two Phalanx CIWS, eight .50-caliber machine guns
Aircraft carried: two CH-46 Sea Knights or two CH-53 Sea Stallions or four UH-1 Iroquois ("Hueys") or AH-1 Cobras or two AV-8 Harriers

USS Cleveland (LPD-7), an Austin-class amphibious transport dock, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for the city in Ohio. Her keel was laid down at Ingalls Shipbuilding of Pascagoula, Mississippi. She was launched on 7 May 1966, and was commissioned on 21 April 1967 at Norfolk, Virginia. At the time of decommissioning, she was the third-oldest commissioned ship in the US Navy, behind USS Constitution ("Old Ironsides") and USS Enterprise (CVN-65).

After commissioning, Cleveland changed homeport to San Diego, California, to become a member of the Pacific Fleet's Amphibious Force. Cleveland divided her time between operations in the Eastern Pacific and extended deployments to the Western Pacific. Cleveland was normally assigned as part of an Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG) and, with her embarked Marines and other forces, performed a wide variety of missions.

1960s to 1980s[edit]

Cleveland first saw action during the Tet Offensive in 1968. After the Vietnam War cease-fire in January 1973, Cleveland joined Task Force 78 in the mine-clearing effort of Haiphong Harbor and Operation End Sweep. Cleveland then began a series of seven Western Pacific deployments between 1974 and 1985.

In 1978, portions of the film Inchon was filmed during a practice amphibious assault off the coast of Korea. This is referenced in the ship's logs of 1978.[1]

Assigned duties as Third Fleet flagship from January through November 1988, Cleveland once again demonstrated the flexibility and professionalism that became her hallmark. Cleveland then briefly shifted focus to environmental protection when she deployed to Prince William Sound, Alaska, in support of oil spill cleanup efforts associated with the Exxon Valdez disaster.

1990s[edit]

The ship's next two deployments, in 1990 and 1991, were in support of Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. In October 1992 and in March 1993, Cleveland deployed on short notice to Central America in support of law enforcement operations, or LEO OPS where she was the first LPD to embark an SH-60 Seahawk helicopter. During the March 1993 deployment Cleveland and the embarked Coast Guard Law Enforcement Detachment (LEDET) played a key role in what was the largest maritime cocaine seizure to date involving the motor vessel Sea Chariot.[2] This was the result of an unprecedented Joint Counter Drug Mission between the United States NAVY and the Columbian NAVY called Operation Emerald. These two deployments included four transits of the Panama Canal and steaming over 20,000 miles.

While deployed to the Western Pacific in 1994, Cleveland participated in United Nations relief efforts in Rwanda and the relocation of the United States Liaison office from Mogadishu, Somalia, to Nairobi, Kenya. Following the relocation efforts, Cleveland was ordered to steam into the North Persian Gulf to assist in deterring Iraq's massing of troops on the Kuwaiti border as part of Operation Vigilant Warrior.

Her next inter-deployment cycle was highlighted by Exercise "RIMPAC '96" off the coast of Hawaii, which included the first ever multilateral exercise involving US and Russian forces in US waters. The trip to Hawaii for the exercise culminated in a parade of ships for the 50th anniversary celebration to commemorate the end of the Pacific War. Cleveland returned to the North Persian Gulf during her deployment in 1996 and 1997, participating in coalition and bilateral exercises and achieving yet another milestone as the first Amphibious Warship to actively participate in Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO) in support of United Nations sanctions against Iraq.

In the summer of 1998, Cleveland once again participated in the bi-annual RIMPAC exercise. Cleveland then began her sixteenth major deployment in December 1998, embarking Navy SEALs, elements of the 13th MEU(SOC) – Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operation Capable) – and a detachment of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). During this deployment Cleveland stood off the Horn of Africa, inserting a military liaison team into Eritrea and remaining ready to conduct a non-combatant evacuation operation. Cleveland then returned to the Persian Gulf to conduct MIO where she served as flagship for the commander of all MIO forces in the Persian Gulf. During this period, an embarked UAV discovered an Iraqi surface-to-surface missile site that was threatening coalition forces. Aircraft from USS Enterprise (CVN-65) destroyed this missile site while the UAV transmitted live imagery back to Cleveland.

2000s[edit]

Packing food for distribution to various locations throughout the Cleveland metropolitan area during a Cleveland Navy Week community service event

Cleveland was once again called upon to perform outside her normal realm of operations while participating in recovery and salvage efforts of Alaska Airlines flight 261 in February 2000, receiving the Coast Guard Unit Commendation with Operational Distinguishing Device. Following a Fleet Week visit to San Francisco, California, Cleveland completed her training cycle and deployed for the seventeenth time in March 2001.

USS Cleveland (LPD 7) arrived in San Diego, 4 August 2011, returning from Pacific Partnership 2011, concluding the ship's final mission prior to its decommissioning. During the course of the ship's final mission, the medical contingent treated 38,696 patients at medical and dental civic action projects, or MEDCAPs and DENCAPs.[3]

Both governments of the U.S. and Mexico could not come to an agreement regarding the sale of the vessel; therefore the ship continued on active duty until its decommissioning on 30 September 2011.[4][5][6] USS Cleveland will transit to Hawaii, where the ship will be in an inactive reserve status. [7]

Awards[edit]

In her 44 years of service, Cleveland received two Combat Action Ribbons, the Joint Meritorious Unit Award, the Navy Unit Commendation, three Meritorious Unit Commendations, eight Navy Excellence Ribbons, three Armed Forces Expeditionary Medals, 23 Vietnam Service Medals, the Southwest Asia Service Medal, the Humanitarian Service Medal, the Coast Guard Unit Commendation with Operational Distinguishing Device, and three Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation.

References[edit]

The article includes information from Cleveland's Web site, cleveland.navy.mil

External links[edit]