USS Cole (DD-155)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Cole.
USS Cole (DD-155) alongside USS Langley (CV-1)
USS Cole (DD-155) alongside USS Langley (CV-1), the US Navy's first aircraft carrier.
Career (US)
Namesake: Edward B. Cole
Builder: William Cramp and Sons
Laid down: 25 June 1918
Launched: 11 January 1919
Commissioned: 19 June 1919 to 10 July 1922
1 May 1930 to 1 November 1945
Reclassified: AG-116, 30 June 1945
Struck: 16 November 1945
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 6 October 1947
General characteristics
Class & type: Wickes class destroyer
Displacement: 1,090 tons
Length: 314 ft 5 in (95.83 m)
Beam: 31 ft 8 in (9.65 m)
Draft: 9 ft (2.74 m)
Propulsion: 24,200 shp (18 MW)
Geared Turbines,
2 screws
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Complement: 122 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 x 4 inch (102 mm) guns,
2 x 3 inch (76 mm) guns,
12 x 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes

USS Cole (DD-155) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II, later reclassified as AG-116. She was the first ship named for Edward B. Cole, a USMC officer who died as a result of the wounds he received at the Battle of Belleau Wood.

Cole was launched 11 January 1919, by William Cramp and Sons Ship and Engine Building Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania sponsored by Mrs. E. B. Cole, and commissioned 19 June 1919 with Commander I. F. Dortch in command.

Service history[edit]

Cole sailed from New York 30 June 1919, to join U.S. Naval Forces in Turkish waters. For the next year she aided in the evacuation of refugees fleeing turmoil and war in the Middle East and showed the flag in the eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea, returning to New York 4 June 1920. She cruised in East Coast and Caribbean waters until decommissioned at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 10 July 1922.

Recommissioned 1 May 1930, Cole joined the Scouting Fleet in the Atlantic. Once again she cruised along the east coast and in the Caribbean and took part in training exercises. From 22 October 1932, to 24 March 1933, Cole was in reduced commission at Norfolk Naval Shipyard as part of a rotating reserve squadron. On 4 April 1933, the destroyer participated in the fruitless search for survivors of the wreck of Akron. From 3 February to 14 August 1934, the ship was again reduced to the rotating reserve squadron.

On 15 August 1934, Cole was assigned to the Scouting Force in the Pacific, and following maneuvers in the Caribbean reached her new base at San Diego, California 9 November. She remained in the Pacific until 24 May 1936, and then reported to New York as a Naval Reserve training ship. She arrived at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 25 September and was decommissioned there 7 January 1937.

Recommissioned 16 October 1939, Cole joined the Neutrality Patrol in the Atlantic. From 10 June 1941, she escorted convoys to Newfoundland and Iceland making five such voyages by 28 January 1942. From 14 March to 28 September, the destroyer patrolled and escorted convoys along the east coast, making one convoy run to the Virgin Islands. She put to sea from Norfolk 24 October for the invasion of North Africa on 8 November during which she landed 175 men of the 47th Infantry under fire on a pier at Safi, Morocco. Cole received the Presidential Unit Citation for her fine performance of this hazardous mission. Returning to Boston 1 December, she resumed convoy duty and between 18 December 1942, and 16 February 1943, she operated between the east coast, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia, then made a voyage to Gibraltar in March. The destroyer returned to the Mediterranean, reaching Mers El Kébir, Algeria, 23 May.

Along with patrol and escort duties in the Western Mediterranean, Cole took part in the invasion of Sicily 10 July 1943, acting with a British submarine as a beach identification group, and later guarded transports during the assault on Salerno 9 September. She returned to Charleston, South Carolina, for overhaul 24 December, after which she resumed convoy escort duty along the east coast and in the Caribbean, making one voyage to Casablanca in March 1944. On 3 December 1944, she began duty as a plane guard for carriers conducting air operations out of Quonset Point, Rhode Island, which continued until 31 August 1945. She was reclassified AG-116 30 June 1945. Cole was decommissioned 1 November 1945, and sold 6 October 1947.

Awards[edit]

In addition to the Presidential Unit Citation, Cole received three battle stars for World War II service.

Convoys escorted[edit]

Convoy Escort Group Dates Notes
HX 159 10-19 Nov 1941[1] from Newfoundland to Iceland prior to US declaration of war
ON 39 29 Nov-4 Dec 1941[2] from Iceland to Newfoundland prior to US declaration of war
HX 166 25-31 Dec 1941[1] from Newfoundland to Iceland
ON 53 9-14 Jan 1942[2] from Iceland to Newfoundland
HX 171 22-24 Jan 1942[1] from Newfoundland to Iceland
ON 89 MOEF group A1 23-26 April 1942[2] from Northern Ireland to Iceland
ON 126 8-10 Sep 1942[2] from Iceland to Newfoundland

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "HX convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-19. 
  2. ^ a b c d "ON convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-19. 

External links[edit]