USS Cortland (APA-75)

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Cortland1945.jpg
Career (USA)
Name: USS Cortland (APA-75)
Namesake: Cortland County, New York
Builder: Consolidated Steel
Launched: 18 October 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs. D. O'Melveny
Acquired: 31 December 1944
Commissioned: 1 January 1945
Decommissioned: 30 December 1946
Fate: Unknown
General characteristics
Class & type: Gilliam-class attack transport
Tonnage: 85,000 cu. ft., 2,600 t.
Displacement: 4,247 tons (lt), 7,080 t.(fl)
Length: 426 ft (130 m)
Beam: 58 ft (18 m)
Draft: 16 ft (4.9 m)
Propulsion: Westinghouse turboelectric drive, 2 boilers, 2 propellers, Design shaft horsepower 6,000
Speed: 17 knots
Capacity: 47 Officers, 802 Enlisted
Crew: 27 Officers, 295 Enlisted
Armament: 1 x 5"/38 caliber dual-purpose gun mount, 4 x twin 40 mm gun mounts, 10 x single 20 mm gun mounts
Notes: MCV Hull No. ?, hull type S4-SE2-BD1

USS Cortland (APA-75) was a Gilliam-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Commissioned late in the war, she was initially assigned to transport duties and consequently did not participate in combat operations.

Cortland was named after Cortland County, New York. She was launched 18 October 1944 by Consolidated Steel at Wilmington, California, under a Maritime Commission contract; acquired by the Navy 31 December; and commissioned 1 January 1945, Commander F. C. B. Jordan in command.

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

Sabotage foiled[edit]

While Cortland was being outfitted at San Pedro on 5 January 1945, her watch apprehended beneath the pier a prowler who upon investigation proved to be a German spy. His avowed mission was to damage the ship with explosives which he had dropped overboard when caught.[1]

Training and transport duties[edit]

Cortland completed her outfit and shakedown uneventfully and sailed to Seattle to embark Army troops, clearing 1 March for training operations in the Hawaiian Islands. She returned to San Francisco on 4 June for repairs, then embarked Army troops at Seattle and sailed 24 June for Okinawa where she disembarked her passengers and cargo 12 August.

After hostilities[edit]

She put out from Okinawa 26 September 1945 to land Marines at Tientsin for the reoccupation of northern China, then sailed by way of Manila to lift Chinese troops from Hong Kong to Chinwangtao and Tsingtao for the reoccupation of Manchuria, in two voyages between 25 October and 25 November.

Arriving at Sasebo 30 November, Cortland embarked homeward-bound troops and sailed 7 December for San Diego, arriving 23 December for overall.

Operation Crossroads[edit]

Cortland carried Marines from the Hawaiians to San Diego between 19 January and 4 February 1946, then sailed from San Pedro 24 February to operate under JTF-1 in Operation Crossroads, the atomic weapons tests in the Marshalls. Returning to San Francisco 13 September, she remained there until 5 November when she sailed for New York and Norfolk, where she arrived 5 December.

Decommission[edit]

Cortland was decommissioned 30 December 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal 31 March 1948.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Cortland, DANFS Online.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.