USS Crowley (DE-303)

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Career
Name: USS Crowley
Laid down: 24 May 1943
Launched: 22 September 1943
Commissioned: 25 March 1944
Decommissioned: 3 December 1945
Struck: 19 December 1945
Honors and
awards:
5 battle stars (World War II)
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 21 December 1946
General characteristics
Type: Evarts-class destroyer escort
Displacement: 1,140 long tons (1,158 t) standard
1,430 long tons (1,453 t) full
Length: 289 ft 5 in (88.21 m) o/a
283 ft 6 in (86.41 m) w/l
Beam: 35 ft 2 in (10.72 m)
Draft: 11 ft (3.4 m) (max)
Propulsion: 4 × General Motors Model 16-278A diesel engines with electric drive, 6,000 shp (4,474 kW)
2 screws
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Range: 4,150 nmi (7,690 km)
Complement: 15 officers and 183 enlisted
Armament: • 3 × single 3"/50 Mk.22 dual purpose guns
• 1 × quad 1.1"/75 Mk.2 AA gun
• 9 × 20 mm Mk.4 AA guns
• 1 × Hedgehog Projector Mk.10 (144 rounds)
• 8 × Mk.6 depth charge projectors
• 2 × Mk.9 depth charge tracks

USS Crowley (DE-303) was an Evarts-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy during World War II. She was sent off into the Pacific Ocean to protect convoys and other ships from Japanese submarines and fighter aircraft. She performed escort and antisubmarine operations in dangerous battle areas and returned home with a respectable five battle star record. Crowley was named for Lieutenant Commander Thomas Ewing Crowley, who was killed in action on the USS Arizona during the attack on Pearl Harbor

She was launched on 22 September 1943 by Mare Island Navy Yard; sponsored by Mrs. T. E. Crowley, widow of Lieutenant Commander Crowley; commissioned on 25 March 1944, Lieutenant Commander T. J. Skewes, Jr., USNR, in command; and reported to the Pacific Fleet.

World War II Pacific Theater operations[edit]

Departing San Francisco, California, on 25 May 1944, Crowley arrived at Pearl Harbor on 31 May and joined in anti-submarine training exercises in Hawaii until 12 August. Escorting a convoy, she arrived at Guadalcanal on 25 August, and with another convoy reached Manus on 14 September.

Between 15 September and 18 November 1944, Crowley sailed out of Manus escorting shipping to the Palau Islands during the invasion and consolidation, with occasional voyages to Humboldt Bay, New Guinea, and the Solomons. On 26 September she joined Donaldson (DE-44) in giving assistance to the merchant ship SS Don Marquis rescuing her survivors and bringing her fires under control to save her war cargo.

Crowley based at Ulithi from 21 November 1944, joining a logistics group supporting the fast carrier task forces. Until 1 February 1945 she escorted oilers to the ocean rendezvous at which they replenished the carrier forces striking Luzon, Formosa, and the China coast, then operated with the oilers in the assault on Iwo Jima until 22 March.

Departing Ulithi on 22 March, Crowley arrived at Guam on 9 April and continued escorting oilers during the Okinawa operations until 18 June. From 3 July to the end of hostilities Crowley supported the 3rd and the 5th Fleet raids on the Japanese home islands. On similar logistics duty for the occupation forces, Crowley arrived at Sagami Wan, Honshū, on 9 September.

End-of-War decommissioning[edit]

Crowley departed Tokyo Bay on 16 September 1945 and arrived at San Francisco on 8 October. Crowley was decommissioned on 3 December 1945 and sold on 21 December 1946.

References[edit]

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