USS Decker (DE-47)
USS Decker (DE-47)
|Career (United States)|
|Name:||HMS Cooke (BDE-47)|
|Builder:||Philadelphia Navy Yard|
|Laid down:||1 April 1942|
|Launched:||24 July 1942|
|Renamed:||USS Decker (DE-47), 4 March 1943|
|Namesake:||Ernest Elden Decker|
|Commissioned:||3 May 1943|
|Decommissioned:||28 August 1945|
|Fate:||transferred to Republic of China, 28 August 1945|
|Struck:||12 March 1948|
|Career (Republic of China)|
|Name:||ROCS Tai Ping (F-22)|
|Acquired:||28 August 1945|
|Fate:||Sunk by Communist Chinese forces, Tachen Islands, 14 November 1954|
|Class and type:||Evarts class destroyer escort|
|Displacement:||1,140 (standard), 1,430 tons (full)|
|Length:||283 ft 6 in (86.41 m) (waterline), 289 ft 5 in (88.21 m) (overall))|
|Beam:||35 ft 2 in (10.72 m)|
|Draft:||11 ft 0 in (3.35 m) (max)|
|Speed:||19 knots (35 km/h)|
|Complement:||15 officers, 183 enlisted|
|Armament:||3 × 3 in/50 cal Mk 22 dual purpose guns (1x3), 4 × 1.1 in/75 cal Mk 2 AA guns (1x4), 9 × Oerlikon 20 mm Mk 4 AA cannons, 1 × Hedgehog Projector Mk 10 (144 rounds), 8 × Mk 6 depth charge projectors, 2 × Mk 9 depth charge tracks|
USS Decker (DE-47) was an Evarts class destroyer escort constructed for the United States Navy during World War II. She was sent off into dangerous North Atlantic Ocean waters to protect convoys and other ships from German submarines and fighter aircraft. She performed escort and antisubmarine operations in battle areas before sailing home victorious at the end of the conflict.
Originally intended for transfer to Great Britain as BDE-47, Decker was launched on 24 July 1942 by the Philadelphia Navy Yard; retained for use in the USN; redesignated Decker (DE-47) on 4 March 1943; and commissioned on 3 May 1943, Lieutenant Commander A. B. Adams, Jr. in command.
World War II
After escorting two oilers from Newport, Rhode Island to Galveston, Texas from 9–24 July 1943, Decker reported at Norfolk, Virginia on 20 August for convoy duty. From 26 August 1943 – 26 April 1945, she gave vital support to operations in North Africa, Italy, and Southern France by guarding the passage of nine supply convoys to Casablanca, French Morocco; Bizerte, Tunisia; Palermo, Sicily; and Oran, Algeria. On 11 May 1944, at sea as part of the screen of UGS-40 bound for Tunisia, she aided in repelling a heavy torpedo attack by enemy planes.
Decker received one battle star for World War II service.
On 28 August 1945, she was leased to the Republic of China. Decker was returned from Lend-Lease and transferred permanently to China on 7 February 1948 and renamed ROCS Tai Ping (F-22; Chinese: 太平). ROCS Tai-ping was one of the four warships sent by the Republic of China Navy on 6 November 1946 to claim islands within the South China Sea region. On 12 December 1946 the Tai Ping arrived at Itu Aba island, becoming the first Chinese government ship ever to visit the Spratly Islands. (An American force had landed on Itu Aba in November 1945 and discovered that the wartime Japanese garrison had departed. A French warship, the FR Chevreuil had landed a team on Itu Aba in October 1946, two months before the Tai-ping arrived.) The Chinese government gave Itu Aba the Chinese name of Taiping Island in honour of the ship. On 14 November 1954, a Communist Chinese Motor Torpedo Boat sank Tai Ping off the Tachen Islands.
|Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive)|
|American Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (with one service star)|
|World War II Victory Medal|
- Bill Hayton, The South China Sea - the struggle for power in Asia pp57-8
- 吕一燃 (Lu Yiran), 2007. 中国近代边界史 (A modern history of China's borders), Vol. 2. 四川人民出版社 (Sichuan People's Publishing), pp.1092-1093. ISBN 7220073313